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Université de Neuchâtel

Klimawandel, Emissionen, Immissionen und Dicke Luft. Dynamische Bedeutungskonstruktion zwischen Fach- und Umgangssprache in der öffentlichen Kommunikation zwischen Wissenschaft, Politik und Gesellschaft

Rothkegel, Annely

In: Bulletin VALS-ASLA, 2019, vol. 109, p. 55-74

Mixing specialist language registers and everyday language is a phenomenon that can be increasingly observed in public communication about scientific subjects. There are two questions of interest: (1) How can we develop a model for describing some dynamic changes of meaning within different contexts? (2) What is the impact of these possibilities on our understanding of science and...

Université de Fribourg

The type I-E CRISPR-Cas system influences the acquisition of bla KPC-IncF plasmid in Klebsiella pneumonia

Zhou, Ying ; Tang, Yu ; Fu, Pan ; Tian, Dongxing ; Yu, Lianhua ; Huang, Yunkun ; Li, Gang ; Li, Meng ; Wang, Yong ; Yang, Zehua ; Xu, Xiaogang ; Yin, Zhe ; Zhou, Dongsheng ; Poirel, Laurent ; Jiang, Xiaofei

In: Emerging Microbes & Infections, 2020, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 1011–1022

Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing K. pneumoniae (KPC-KP) have disseminated worldwide and emerged as major threats to public health. Of epidemiological significance, the international pandemic of KPC-KP is primarily associated with CG258 isolates and bla KPC-IncF plasmids. CRISPR-Cas system is an adaptive immune system that can hinder gene expansion driven by horizontal gene ...

Université de Fribourg

Osteopathy in the French-speaking part of Switzerland: Practitioners’ profile and scope of back pain management

Bill, Anne-Sylvie ; Dubois, Julie ; Pasquier, Jérôme ; Burnand, Bernard ; Rodondi, Pierre-Yves

In: PLOS ONE, 2020, vol. 15, no. 5, p. e0232607

Background: Osteopathy is commonly used for spinal pain, but knowledge about back pain management by osteopaths is scarce.Objective: The aim of this study was to survey osteopaths across the French-speaking part of Switzerland about the scope of their practice and their management of patients with back pain.Design: This cross- sectional observational study was based on an online survey...

Université de Neuchâtel

Living the prison : An ethnographic study of indefinite incarceration in Switzerland

Marti, Irene ; Hertz, Ellen (Dir.) ; Hostettler, Ueli (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2020 ; TH 2820.

During the first half of the 20th century, rehabilitation served as the main paradigm for criminal policy in Switzerland, as in most so-called Western countries. However, changing demands for security and public pressure over the past decades have led to a shift towards a more punitive and hard-line approach to crime. This ‘punitive turn’ in criminal policy has produced more investment...

Université de Fribourg

Foraminiferal-based biotic indices to assess the ecological quality status of the Gulf of Gabes (Tunisia): Present limitations and future perspectives

Kateb, Akram El ; Stalder, Claudio ; Martínez-Colón, Michael ; Mateu-Vicens, Guillem ; Francescangeli, Fabio ; Coletti, Giovanni ; Stainbank, Stephanie ; Spezzaferri, Silvia

In: Ecological Indicators, 2020, vol. 111, p. 105962

Biotic indices are tools to assess the ecological status of marine systems, and can be based on different metrics (such as ecological groups, specific diversity). The present study applies five biotic indices based on living (stained) benthic foraminiferal assemblages to assess ecological conditions in a wide area of the Mediterranean Sea in the heavily polluted Gulf of Gabes and along the...

Université de Fribourg

Colloidal transformations in ms2 virus particles: driven by ph, influenced by natural organic matter

Watts, Samuel ; Julian, Timothy R. ; Maniura-Weber, Katharina ; Graule, Thomas ; Salentinig, Stefan

In: ACS Nano, 2020, vol. 14, no. 2, p. 1879–1887

Enteric viruses, such as enterovirus, norovirus, and rotavirus, are among the leading causes of disease outbreaks due to contaminated drinking and recreational water. Viruses are difficult to remove from water through filtration based on physical size exclusion—for example by gravity-driven filters—due to their nanoscale size. To understand virus removal in drinking water treatment ...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Implicit messages regarding unhealthy foodstuffs in Chinese television advertisements : increasing the risk of obesity

Chang, Angela ; Schulz, Peter J. ; Schirato, Tony ; Hall, Brian J.

In: International journal of environmental research and public health, 2018, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 70

Previous studies indicated that television (TV) advertising is associated with higher rates of obesity. The rate of obesity and overweight continues to rise in mainland China, bringing into question whether TV advertising to young audiences might be partly to blame. This study investigated messaging delivered through TV advertisements regarding healthy and unhealthy foodstuffs. A total of 42...

Università della Svizzera italiana

A large scale, app-based behaviour change experiment persuading sustainable mobility patterns : methods, results and lessons learnt

Cellina, Francesca ; Bucher, Dominik ; Mangili, Francesca ; Veiga Simão, José ; Rudel, Roman ; Raubal, Martin

In: Sustainability, 2019, vol. 11, no. 9, p. 2674

The present urban transportation system, mostly tailored for cars, has long shown its limitations. In many urban areas, public transportation and soft mobility would be able to effectively satisfy many travel needs. However, they tend to be neglected, due to a deep-rooted car dependency. How can we encourage people to make sustainable mobility choices, reducing car use and the related CO 2...

Université de Neuchâtel

Distributed systems and trusted execution environments : trade-offs and challenges

Pereira Pires, Rafael ; Felber, Pascal (Dir.) ; Pasin, Marcelo (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

Security and privacy concerns in computer systems have grown in importance with the ubiquity of connected devices. Additionally, cloud computing boosts such distress as private data is stored and processed in multi-tenant infrastructure providers. In recent years, trusted execution environments (TEEs) have caught the attention of scientific and industry communities as they became largely...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The digital birth of an African city : the case of Douala

Pucciarelli, Marta ; Cantoni, Lorenzo (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2019 ; 2019COM003.

This dissertation focuses on the online communication and representation of a digital city in Africa: Douala, the largest city of the Republic of Cameroon. In particular, it explores the evolution of the web-based reproduction (Couclelis, 2004) of Douala, the largest city of the Republic of Cameroon, from a chronological, spatial and representational perspective, with the purpose of...