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Université de Fribourg

The “socialist revolution” in the Seychelles : continuities and discontinuities in economic and social policies

Künzler, Daniel

In:, 2018, vol. 1, no. 1, p. Article: 1.7

After the “socialist revolution” in 1977, the Seychelles introduced a universal social pension, free education and free health care. This path of the Seychelles to universal social policies is unique in several regards. On the one hand, the policies were financed by economic growth triggered by a non-dogmatic economic policy that focused on three partly state-led, partly privately driven key...

Université de Fribourg

A social revolution in the name of a religion? : The Islamic Revolution of 1978/79 in Iran

Sheikhzadegan, Amir

In:, 2018, vol. 1, no. 1, p. Article: 1.6

The year 1979 witnessed an event that was to impact the world for decades to come. The Western-friendly monarchic regime of Iran that had pushed through a rapid modernization program by leaning on a repressive security apparatus was toppled by a nationwide protest movement and replaced by an Islamist regime. This study delivers, from a historical sociological perspective, an analysis of the major...

Université de Fribourg

Towards the Solution of the Economic Problem? – On the Non-Revolutionary Relationship between Working Time and Productivity

Schief, Sebastian

In:, 2018, vol. 1, no. 1, p. Article: 1.5

The increase of productivity we faced in the last hundred years was the basis for fundamental predictions on how a rising standard of living would reduce working time in the long run. Keynes predicted in 1930 that the economic problem would be solved and “mankind will be deprived of its traditional purpose” (Keynes 1931[1930]: 366). It is quite obvious that Keynes prediction is wrong when it...

Université de Fribourg

TINA und die technologische Revolution

Flecker, Jörg

In:, 2018, vol. 1, no. 1, p. Article: 1.4

Right now we are experiencing an extensive public debate about the radical change of economy and society due to digitalization. Within this debate, technical determinism - identifying technology as the reason for social change- and neoliberalism interconnect. The guiding question is not about the how of development and application of technology, but the sheer demand of fast digitalization to...

Université de Fribourg

Die Energiewende in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (1974-2017) – Reform, Revolution, oder Restauration? : Makroperspektive auf einen Dauerkonflikt

Neukirch, Mario

In:, 2018, vol. 1, no. 1, p. Article: 1.3

The paper understands the transformation of the German energy system between 1974-2017 as a conflict between two grand coalitions: The established coalition that defends the status quo and challengers who are advocating for the transition of the system. The timespan of the analysis will be divided in three phases. In the first phases of discursive confrontation, a grassroots coalition is...

Université de Fribourg

Big Data-Revolution, Überwachung und soziale Medien : Gefahr für die Demokratie?

Kahl, Martin

In:, 2018, vol. 1, no. 1, p. Article: 1.2

Companies, security agencies and political organizations use big data analyses in many ways to improve the forecasting and control of behavior. If one relates these developments to core elements of democratic decision-making, such as forming opinions on the basis of personal autonomy, the self-determined demarcation between the private and public spheres and the role of the public media,...

Université de Fribourg

Editorial : Revolution?!

Künzler, Daniel ; Schief, Sebastian

In:, 2018, vol. 1, no. 1, p. Article: 1.1