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Université de Neuchâtel

Les commerces étrangers dans l'espace urbain : Le cas de Lausanne

Piguet, Etienne

In: L'altérité dans la société : migration, ethnicité, Etat, 1996, p. 75-92

Université de Neuchâtel

Partir ou rester : La migration dans le projet de vie des étudiants universitaires d’Afrique de l’ouest

Chenal, Jérôme ; Gilliard, Patrick ; Nassa, Désiré ; Oumarou, Amadou ; Pedrazzini, Yves ; Poli, Raffaele

L’objectif de cette recherche est de comprendre si et comment une migration temporaire ou durable est envisagée par les étudiants de trois universités d’Afrique de l’Ouest. Après un tour d'horizon théorique approfondi, l’étude analyse un questionnaire rempli par plus de 4000 étudiants et isole une série de facteurs qui contribuent à susciter des intentions de départ : les...

Université de Fribourg

Examining the surface phase diagram of ${\mathrm{IrTe}}_{2}$ with photoemission

Rumo, Maxime ; Nicholson, Christopher W. ; Pulkkinen, Aki ; Hildebrand, Baptiste ; Kremer, Geoffroy ; Salzmann, Bjoern ; Mottas, Marie-Laure ; Ma, K. Y. ; Wong, E. L. ; Man, M. K. L. ; Dani, K. M. ; Barbiellini, B. ; Muntwiler, Matthias ; Jaouen, Thomas ; Rohr, F. O. von ; Monney, Claude

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 23, p. 235120

In the transition metal dichalcogenide IrTe2, low-temperature charge-ordered phase transitions involving Ir dimers lead to the occurrence of stripe phases of different periodicities, and nearly degenerate energies. Bulk-sensitive measurements have shown that, upon cooling, IrTe2 undergoes two such first-order transitions to (5×1×5) and (8×1×8) reconstructed phases at Tc1∼280 K and...

Université de Fribourg

Unbiased evaluation of ranking metrics reveals consistent performance in science and technology citation data

Xu, Shuqi ; Mariani, Manuel Sebastian ; Lü, Linyuan ; Medo, Matúš

In: Journal of Informetrics, 2020, vol. 14, no. 1, p. 101005

Despite the increasing use of citation-based metrics for research evaluation purposes, we do not know yet which metrics best deliver on their promise to gauge the significance of a scientific paper or a patent. We assess 17 network-based metrics by their ability to identify milestone papers and patents in three large citation datasets. We find that traditional information-retrieval evaluation...

Université de Fribourg

High‐ TC interfacial ferromagnetism in SrMnO 3 LaMnO 3 superlattices

Keunecke, Marius ; Lyzwa, Fryderyk ; Schwarzbach, Danny ; Roddatis, Vladimir ; Gauquelin, Nicolas ; Müller‐Caspary, Knut ; Verbeeck, Johann ; Callori, Sara J. ; Klose, Frank ; Jungbauer, Markus ; Moshnyaga, Vasily

In: Advanced Functional Materials, 2020, vol. 30, no. 18, p. 1808270

Heterostructures of strongly correlated oxides demonstrate various intriguing and potentially useful interfacial phenomena. LaMnO3/SrMnO3 superlattices are presented showcasing a new high‐temperature ferromagnetic phase with Curie temperature, T C ≈360 K, caused by electron transfer from the surface of the LaMnO3 donor layer into the neighboring SrMnO3 acceptor layer. As a result, the...

Université de Fribourg

Household resources and individual strategies

Deschênes, Sarah ; Dumas, Christelle ; Lambert, Sylvie

(Working Papers SES ; 517)

The question of diverging interests and preferences within couples over the use of household resources and the consequences of these conflictual views has been present for a long time in the development literature, albeit in a somewhat scattered way. This paper selectively reviews the abundant literature that offers insights into the intrahousehold decision-making process, the strategies put...

Université de Fribourg

Eradication of a multidrug-resistant, carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate following oral and intra-rectal therapy with a custom made, lytic bacteriophage preparation

Corbellino, Mario ; Kieffer, Nicolas ; Kutateladze, Mzia ; Balarjishvili, Nana ; Leshkasheli, Lika ; Askilashvili, Lia ; Tsertsvadze, George ; Rimoldi, Sara Giordana ; Nizharadze, Deia ; Hoyle, Naomi ; Nadareishvili, Lia ; Antinori, Spinello ; Pagani, Cristina ; Scorza, Daniele Giuseppe ; Romanò, Ai Ling Loredana ; Ardizzone, Sandro ; Danelli, Piergiorgio ; Gismondo, Maria Rita ; Galli, Massimo ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Poirel, Laurent

In: Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2020, vol. 70, no. 9, p. 1998–2001

In July 2017, a patient presented colonization with a multidrug-resistant, carbapenemase (KPC-3)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate. A custom-made, lytic bacteriophage preparation was administered to the patient in December 2017, with subsequent eradication of the microorganism and without adverse effects.

Université de Fribourg

Acute alcohol intoxication and expectations reshape the spatiotemporal functional architecture of executive control

Ribordy Lambert, Farfalla ; Wicht, Corentin A. ; Mouthon, Michael ; Spierer, Lucas

In: NeuroImage, 2020, vol. 215, p. 116811

While the deleterious effects of acute ethyl alcohol intoxication on executive control are well-established, the underlying spatiotemporal brain mechanisms remain largely unresolved. In addition, since the effects of alcohol are noticeable to participants, isolating the effects of the substance from those related to expectations represents a major challenge. We addressed these issues using a...

Université de Fribourg

Effects of continuous theta burst stimulation over the left DLPFC on mother tongue and second language production in late bilinguals: a behavioral and ERP study

Jost, Lea B. ; Pestalozzi, Maria I. ; Cazzoli, Dario ; Mouthon, Michael ; Müri, René M. ; Annoni, Jean‑Marie

In: Brain Topography, 2020, vol. 33, no. 4, p. 504–518

Clinical, neuroimaging, and non-invasive brain stimulation studies have associated the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) with the multilingual language control system. Here, we investigated if this role is increased during the processing of the non- dominant language due to the higher cognitive/attentional demands. We used an inhibitory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)...

Université de Fribourg

Health concepts among socially disadvantaged children in France, Germany and Switzerland

Grimminger-Seidensticker, Elke ; Aceti, Monica ; Knobé, Sandrine ; Vieille Marchiset, Gilles

In: Health Promotion International, 2020, vol. 35, no. 1, p. 17–26

As health concepts develop through exposure to, and experience with particular contexts, and as health concepts influence health behaviour, it is important for actors in health promotion programmes to understand an individual’s health concepts. This study focussed on health concepts among socially disadvantaged children in France, Germany, Italy and Switzerland—a hitherto less researched...