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Université de Fribourg

Scaling behaviour and memory in heart rate of healthy human

Cai, Shi-Min ; Peng, Hu ; Yang, Hui-Jie ; Zhou, Tao ; Zhou, Pei-Ling ; Wang, Bing-Hong

In: Chinese Physics Letters, 2007, vol. 24, no. 10, p. 3002

We investigate a set of complex heart rate time series from healthy human in different behaviour states with the detrended fluctuation analysis and diffusion entropy (DE) method. It is proposed that the scaling properties are influenced by behaviour states. The memory detected by DE exhibits an approximately same pattern after a detrending procedure. Both of them demonstrate the long-range strong...

Université de Fribourg

Scale invariance of human electroencephalogram signals in sleep

Cai, Shi-Min ; Jiang, Zhao-Hui ; Zhou, Tao ; Zhou, Pei-Ling ; Yang, Hui-Jie ; Wang, Bing-Hong

In: Physical Review E, 2007, vol. 76, p. 061903

In this paper, we investigate the dynamical properties of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals of humans in sleep. By using a modified random walk method, we demonstrate that scale-invariance is embedded in EEG signals after a detrending procedure is applied. Furthermore, we study the dynamical evolution of the probability density function (PDF) of the detrended EEG signals by nonextensive...

Université de Fribourg

Opinion spreading with mobility on scale-free networks

Guo, Qiang ; Liu, Jian-Guo ; Wang, Bing-Hong ; Zhou, Tao ; Chen, Xing-Wen ; Yao, Yu-Hua

In: Chinese Physics Letters, 2008, vol. 25, no. 2, p. 773-775

A continuum opinion dynamic model is presented based on two rules. The first one considers the mobilities of the individuals, the second one supposes that the individuals update their opinions independently. The results of the model indicate that the bounded confidence ∈c, separating consensus and incoherent states, of a scale-free network is much smaller than the one of a...

Université de Fribourg

Modeling human dynamics with adaptive interest

Han, Xiao-Pu ; Zhou, Tao ; Wang, Bing-Hong

In: New Journal of Physics, 2008, vol. 10, p. 073010

Increasing recent empirical evidence indicates the extensive existence of heavy tails in the inter-event time distributions of various human behaviors. Based on the queuing theory, the Barabási model and its variations suggest the highest-priority-first protocol to be a potential origin of those heavy tails. However, some human activity patterns, also displaying heavy-tailed temporal statistics,...

Université de Fribourg

Opinion dynamics on directed small-world networks

Jiang, L. -L. ; Hua, D. -Y. ; Zhu, J. -F. ; Wang, Bing-Hong ; Zhou, Tao

In: The European Physical Journal B, 2008, vol. 65, no. 2, p. 251-255

We investigate the self-affirmation effect on formation of public opinion in a directed small-world social network. The system presents a non-equilibrium phase transition from a consensus state to a disordered state with coexistence of opinions. The dynamical behaviors are very sensitive to the density of long-range-directed interactions and the strength of self-affirmation. When the...

Université de Fribourg

Emergence of target waves in paced populations of cyclically competing species

Jiang, Luo-Luo ; Zhou, Tao ; Perc, Matjaž ; Huang, Xin ; Wang, Bing-Hong

In: New Journal of Physics, 2009, vol. 11, p. 103001

We investigate the emergence of target waves in a cyclic predator–prey model incorporating a periodic current of the three competing species in a small area situated at the center of a square lattice. The periodic current acts as a pacemaker, trying to impose its rhythm on the overall spatiotemporal evolution of the three species. We show that the pacemaker is able to nucleate target waves that...

Université de Fribourg

Reducing the heterogeneity of payoffs: an effective way to promote cooperation in the prisoner's dilemma game

Jiang, Luo-Luo ; Zhao, Ming ; Yang, Han-Xin ; Wakeling, Joseph Rushton ; Wang, Bing-Hong ; Zhou, Tao

In: Physical Review E, 2009, vol. 80, p. 031144

In this paper, the accumulated payoff of each agent is regulated so as to reduce the heterogeneity of the distribution of all such payoffs. It is found that there exists an optimal regulation strength at which cooperation in the prisoner's dilemma game is optimally promoted. If the heterogeneity is regulated to be either too weak or too strong, the promotive effect disappears and the evolution of...

Université de Fribourg

Effects of high-order correlations on personalized recommendations for bipartite networks

Liu, Jian-Guo ; Zhou, Tao ; Che, Hong-An ; Wang, Bing-Hong ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

In: Physica A, 2010, vol. 389, no. 4, p. 881-886

In this paper, we introduce a modified collaborative filtering (MCF) algorithm, which has remarkably higher accuracy than the standard collaborative filtering. In the MCF, instead of the cosine similarity index, the user–user correlations are obtained by a diffusion process. Furthermore, by considering the second-order correlations, we design an effective algorithm that depresses the influence...

Université de Fribourg

Effects of user's tastes on personalized recommendation

Liu, Jian-Guo ; Zhou, Tao ; Wang, Bing-Hong ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng ; Guo, Qiang

In: International Journal of Modern Physics C, 2009, vol. 20, no. 12, p. 1925-1932

In this paper, based on a weighted projection of the user-object bipartite network, we study the effects of user tastes on the mass-diffusion-based personalized recommendation algorithm, where a user's tastes or interests are defined by the average degree of the objects he has collected. We argue that the initial recommendation power located on the objects should be determined by both of their...

Université de Fribourg

Improved collaborative filtering algorithm via information transformation

Liu, Jian-Guo ; Wang, Bing-Hong ; Guo, Qiang

In: International Journal of Modern Physics C, 2009, vol. 20, no. 2, p. 285-293

In this paper, we propose a spreading activation approach for collaborative filtering (SA-CF). By using the opinion spreading process, the similarity between any users can be obtained. The algorithm has remarkably higher accuracy than the standard collaborative filtering using the Pearson correlation. Furthermore, we introduce a free parameter β to regulate the contributions of objects to...