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Università della Svizzera italiana

Heterosubtypic neutralizing antibodies are produced by individuals immunized with a seasonal influenza vaccine

Corti, Davide ; Suguitan Jr., Amorsolo ; Pinna, Debora ; Silacci, Chiara ; Fernandez-Rodriguez, Blanca M. ; Vanzetta, Fabrizia ; Santos, Celia ; Luke, Catherine J. ; Torres-Velez, Fernando J. ; Temperton, Nigel J. ; Weiss, Robin A. ; Sallusto, Federica ; Subbarao, Kanta ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio

In: The Journal of clinical investigation, 2010, vol. 120, no. 5, p. 1663-1673

The target of neutralizing antibodies that protect against influenza virus infection is the viral protein HA. Genetic and antigenic variation in HA has been used to classify influenza viruses into subtypes (H1–H16). The neutralizing antibody response to influenza virus is thought to be specific for a few antigenically related isolates within a given subtype. However, while heterosubtypic...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Polarization of migrating monocytic cells is independent of PI 3-Kinase activity

Volpe, Silvia ; Thelen, Sylvia ; Pertel. Thomas ; Lohse, Martin J. ; Thelen, Marcus

In: Plos one, 2010, vol. 5, no. 4, p. e10159

Background: Migration of mammalian cells is a complex cell type and environment specific process. Migrating hematopoietic cells assume a rapid amoeboid like movement when exposed to gradients of chemoattractants. The underlying signaling mechanisms remain controversial with respect to localization and distribution of chemotactic receptors within the plasma membrane and the role of PI 3-kinase...

Università della Svizzera italiana

CXCR7 functions as a scavenger for CXCL12 and CXCL11

Naumann, Ulrike ; Cameroni, Elisabetta ; Pruenster, Monika ; Mahabaleshwar, Harsha ; Raz, Erez ; Zerwes, Hans-Günter ; Rot, Antal ; Thelen, Marcus

In: Plos one, 2010, vol. 5, no. 2, p. e9175

Background: CXCR7 (RDC1), the recently discovered second receptor for CXCL12, is phylogenetically closely related to chemokine receptors, but fails to couple to G-proteins and to induce typical chemokine receptor mediated cellular responses. The function of CXCR7 is controversial. Some studies suggest a signaling activity in mammalian cells and zebrafish embryos, while others indicate a decoy...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Analysis of memory B cell responses and isolation of novel monoclonal antibodies with neutralizing breadth from HIV-1-infected individuals

Corti, Davide ; Langedijk, Johannes P. M. ; Hinz, Andreas ; Seaman, Michael S. ; Vanzetta, Fabrizia ; Fernandez-Rodriguez, Blanca M. ; Silacci, Chiara ; Pinna, Debora ; Jarrossay, David ; Balla-Jhagjhoorsingh, Sunita ; Willems, Betty ; Zekveld, Maria J. ; Dreja ; O’Sullivan, Eithne ; Pade, Corinna ; Orkin, Chloe ; Jeffs, Simon A. ; Montefiori, David C. ; David, Davis ; Weissenhorn, Winfried ; McKnight, Aine ; Heeney, Jonathan L. ; Sallusto, Federica ; Sattentau, Quentin J. ; Weiss, robin A. ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio

In: Plos one, 2010, vol. 5, no. 1, p. e8805

Background The isolation of human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that neutralize a broad spectrum of primary HIV-1 isolates and the characterization of the human neutralizing antibody B cell response to HIV-1 infection are important goals that are central to the design of an effective antibody-based vaccine. Methods and Findings We immortalized IgG+ memory B cells from individuals infected with...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Deciphering the complexity of human noncoding promoter-proximal transcriptome : different scales of transcriptional control : from a single gene to the whole epigenome

Mapelli, Sarah Natalia ; Krause, Rolf (Dir.) ; Catapano, Carlo V. (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2019 ; 2019INFO001.

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have gained increasing interest in molecular studies, their active participation in important biological functions has emerged and their direct involvement in genomic reprogramming during development and diseases, including cancer, has been demonstrated. Several studies have shown their active contribution in transcriptional control and they are emerging as...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Chemokine receptor patterns in lymphocytes mirror metastatic spreading in melanoma

Jacquelot, Nicolas ; Enot, David P. ; Flament, Caroline ; Vimond, Nadège ; Blattner, Carolin ; Pitt, Jonathan M. ; Yamazaki, Takahiro ; Roberti, María Paula ; Daillère, Romain ; Vétizou, Marie ; Poirier-Colame, Vichnou ; Semeraro, Michaëla ; Caignard, Anne ; Slingluff Jr., Craig L. ; Sallusto, Federica ; Rusakiewicz, Sylvie ; Weide, Benjamin ; Marabelle, Aurélien ; Kohrt, Holbrook ; Dalle, Stéphane ; Cavalcanti, Andréa ; Kroemer, Guido ; Di Giacomo, Anna Maria ; Maio, Michele ; Wong, Phillip ; Yuan, Jianda ; Wolchok, Jedd ; Umansky, Viktor ; Eggermont, Alexander ; Zitvogel, Laurence

In: The journal of clinical investigation, 2016, vol. 126, no. 3, p. 921-937

Melanoma prognosis is dictated by tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, the migratory and functional behavior of which is guided by chemokine or cytokine gradients. Here, we retrospectively analyzed the expression patterns of 9 homing receptors (CCR/CXCR) in naive and memory CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes in 57 patients with metastatic melanoma (MMel) with various sites of metastases to evaluate...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Intestinal microbiota sustains inflammation and autoimmunity induced by hypomorphic RAG defects

Rigoni, Rosita ; Fontana, Elena ; Guglielmetti, Simone ; Fosso, Bruno ; D’Erchia, Anna Maria ; Maina, Virginia ; Taverniti, Valentina ; Carmina Castiello, Maria ; Mantero, Stefano ; Pacchiana, Giovanni ; Musio, Silvia ; Pedotti, Rosetta ; Selmi, Carlo ; Mora, J. Rodrigo ; Pesole, Graziano ; Vezzoni, Paolo ; Poliani, Pietro Luigi ; Grassi, Fabio ; Villa, Anna ; Cassani, Barbara

In: The journal of experimental medicine, 2016, vol. 213, no. 3, p. 355-375

Omenn syndrome (OS) is caused by hypomorphic Rag mutations and characterized by a profound immunodeficiency associated with autoimmune-like manifestations. Both in humans and mice, OS is mediated by oligoclonal activated T and B cells. The role of microbial signals in disease pathogenesis is debated. Here, we show that Rag2R229Q knock-in mice developed an inflammatory bowel disease affecting...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Mutually exclusive redox forms of HMGB1 promote cell recruitment or proinflammatory cytokine release

Venereau, Emilie ; Casalgrandi, Maura ; Schiraldi, Milena ; Antoine, Daniel J. ; Cattaneo, Angela ; De Marchis, Francesco ; Liu, Jaron ; Antonelli, Antonella ; Preti, Alessandro ; Raeli, Lorenzo ; Samadi Shams, Sara ; Yang, Huan ; Varani, Luca ; Andersson, Ulf ; Tracey, Kevin J. ; Bachi, Angela ; Uguccioni, Mariagrazia ; Bianchi, Marco E.

In: The journal of experimental medicine, 2012, vol. 209, no. 9, p. 1519-1528

Tissue damage causes inflammation, by recruiting leukocytes and activating them to release proinflammatory mediators. We show that high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) orchestrates both processes by switching among mutually exclusive redox states. Reduced cysteines make HMGB1 a chemoattractant, whereas a disulfide bond makes it a proinflammatory cytokine and further cysteine oxidation to...

Università della Svizzera italiana

HMGB1 promotes recruitment of inflammatory cells to damaged tissues by forming a complex with CXCL12 and signaling via CXCR4

Schiraldi, Milena ; Raucci, Angela ; Martínez Muñoz, Laura ; Livoti, Elsa ; Celona, Barbara ; Venereau, Emilie ; Apuzzo, Tiziana ; De Marchis, Francesco ; Pedotti, Mattia ; Bachi, Angela ; Thelen, Marcus ; Varani, Luca ; Mellado, Mario ; Proudfoot, Amanda ; Bianchi, Marco Emilio ; Uguccioni, Mariagrazia

In: The journal of experimental medicine, 2012, vol. 209, no. 3, p. 551-563

After tissue damage, inflammatory cells infiltrate the tissue and release proinflammatory cytokines. HMGB1 (high mobility group box 1), a nuclear protein released by necrotic and severely stressed cells, promotes cytokine release via its interaction with the TLR4 (Toll-like receptor 4) receptor and cell migration via an unknown mechanism. We show that HMGB1- induced recruitment of inflammatory...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Monoclonal IgG antibodies generated from joint-derived B cells of RA patients have a strong bias toward citrullinated autoantigen recognition

Amara, Khaled ; Steen, Johanna ; Murray, Fiona ; Morbach, Henner ; Fernandez-Rodriguez, Blanca M. ; Joshua, Vijay ; Engström, Marianne ; Snir, Omri ; Israelsson, Lena ; Catrina, Anca I. ; Wardemann, Hedda ; Corti, Davide ; Meffre, Eric ; Klareskog, Lars ; Malmström, Vivianne

In: The journal of experimental medicine, 2013, vol. 210, no. 3, p. 445-455

Antibodies targeting citrullinated proteins (ACPAs [anticitrullinated protein antibodies]) are commonly found in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), strongly associate with distinct HLA-DR alleles, and predict a more aggressive disease course as compared with seronegative patients. Still, many features of these antibodies, including their site of production and the extent of MHC class...