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Université de Fribourg

Allodynography: reliability of a new procedure for objective clinical examination of static mechanical allodynia

Packham, Tara L ; Spicher, Claude J ; Mac, Dermid, Joy C ; Buckley, Norman D

In: Pain Medicine, 2020, vol. 21, no. 1, p. 101–108

There is a need for reliable and valid clinical assessment tools for quantifying allodynia in neuropathic pain. Allodynography has been proposed as a useful standardized procedure for clinical assessment of mechanical allodynia. This study (www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT02070367) undertook preliminary investigation of the measurement properties of allodynography, a new standardized clinical ...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Human-robot interaction with pointing gestures : intuitive interaction between co-located humans and robots

Gromov, Boris ; Gambardella, Luca Maria (Dir.) ; Giusti, Alessandro (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2020 ; 2020INFO004.

Human-robot interaction (HRI) is an active area of research and an essential component for the effective integration of mobile robots in everyday environments. In this PhD work, we studied, designed, implemented, and experimentally validated new efficient interaction modalities between humans and robots that share the same workspace. The core of the work revolves around deictic (pointing)...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Parallel space-time multilevel methods with application to electrophysiology : theory and implementation

Benedusi, Pietro ; Krause, Rolf (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2020 ; 2020INFO005.

The goal of this thesis is to design and study an efficient strategy to solve possibly non-linear parabolic partial differential equations on massively parallel machines. Traditionally, when solving time-dependent problems, time stepping methods are used to advance the solution in time. These techniques are inherently sequential and therefore they introduce a bottleneck in the overall...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Maintenance fluid therapy with saline, dextrose-supplemented saline or lactated Ringer in childhood: short-term metabolic effects

Ricciuti, Alessandra ; Milani, Gregorio P. ; Tarantino, Silvia ; Ghilardi, Roberta ; Lava, Sebastiano A.G. ; Alberzoni, Marco ; Bianchetti, Mario G. ; Agostoni, Carlo

In: Nutrients, 2020, vol. 12, no. 5, p. 8 p

Maintenance with isotonic fluids is recommended in children with gastroenteritis and failure of oral rehydration therapy. However, little is known on the short-term effects of the commonly prescribed intravenous solutions on metabolic balance in children. The aim of this study is to report on our experience with normal saline, dextrose-supplemented saline and lactated Ringer solution. Methods:...

Université de Fribourg

How dieting might make some fatter: modeling weight cycling toward obesity from a perspective of body composition autoregulation

Jacquet, Philippe ; Schutz, Yves ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Dulloo, Abdul

In: International Journal of Obesity, 2020, p. -

The notion that dieting makes some people fatter has in the past decade gained considerable interest from both epidemiological predictions and biological plausibility. Several large-scale prospective studies have suggested that dieting to lose weight is associated with future weight gain and obesity, with such predictions being stronger and more consistent among dieters who are in the normal...

Université de Fribourg

Total energy expenditure assessed by doubly labeled water technique and estimates of physical activity in Mauritian children: analysis by gender and ethnicity

Ramuth, Harris ; Schutz, Yves ; Calonne, Julie ; Joonas, Noorjehan ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2020, vol. 74, no. 3, p. 445–453

In the tropical island of Mauritius, the rise in obesity has accelerated in the past decades, and could be contributed by low physical activity and increased sedentary behavior. The study objectives were to generate the first dataset of total energy expenditure (TEE), to estimate physical activity in Mauritian children, and to explore differences due to gender and ethnicity.Subjects/methods:...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Multi-targeting bioactive compounds extracted from essential oils as kinase inhibitors

Maruca, Annalisa ; Lanzillotta, Delia ; Rocca, Roberta ; Lupia, Antonio ; Costa, Giosuè ; Catalano, Raffaella ; Moraca, Federica ; Gaudio, Eugenio ; Ortuso, Francesco ; Artese, Anna ; Trapasso, Francesco ; Alcaro, Stefano

In: Molecules, 2020, vol. 25, no. 9, p. 14 p

Essential oils (EOs) are popular in aromatherapy, a branch of alternative medicine that claims their curative effects. Moreover, several studies reported EOs as potential anti- cancer agents by inducing apoptosis in different cancer cell models. In this study, we have considered EOs as a potential resource of new kinase inhibitors with a polypharmacological profile. On the other hand,...

Haute Ecole de Santé Valais

La gérontechnologie : la technologie au service de la dépendance fonctionnelle : revue de littérature

Demange, Nine ; Aissaoui, Djamel (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute Ecole de Santé Valais, 2020.

Face à l’explosion démographique relative au vieillissement de la population et à l'augmentation de l’espérance de vie, notre système de santé est confronté à une hausse des coûts et de la demande en soins, à une pénurie du personnel soignant ainsi qu’à un accroissement de la dépendance fonctionnelle. C’est dans ce contexte que les gérontechnologies pourraient...

Médiathèque Valais

La grippe espagnole en Valais (1918-1919)

Marino, Laura ; Barras, Vincent (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Médiathèque Valais, 2014.

Thèse. Biologie. Médecine. 2014.