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Université de Fribourg

The Dynamic Reorganization of Cortical Network Interactions during Visual Selective Attention

Pagnotta, Mattia ; Plomp, Gijs (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2020.

Visual selective attention prioritizes the processing of behaviorally relevant over irrelevant information, to optimize the use of limited cognitive resources in the brain. These selective mechanisms preferentially route relevant neuronal representations through a network of distributed brain regions. Previous studies suggested that selective information routing in the attention network may...

Université de Neuchâtel

Living the prison : An ethnographic study of indefinite incarceration in Switzerland

Marti, Irene ; Hertz, Ellen (Dir.) ; Hostettler, Ueli (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2020 ; TH 2820.

During the first half of the 20th century, rehabilitation served as the main paradigm for criminal policy in Switzerland, as in most so-called Western countries. However, changing demands for security and public pressure over the past decades have led to a shift towards a more punitive and hard-line approach to crime. This ‘punitive turn’ in criminal policy has produced more investment...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Human-robot interaction with pointing gestures : intuitive interaction between co-located humans and robots

Gromov, Boris ; Gambardella, Luca Maria (Dir.) ; Giusti, Alessandro (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2020 ; 2020INFO004.

Human-robot interaction (HRI) is an active area of research and an essential component for the effective integration of mobile robots in everyday environments. In this PhD work, we studied, designed, implemented, and experimentally validated new efficient interaction modalities between humans and robots that share the same workspace. The core of the work revolves around deictic (pointing)...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Parallel space-time multilevel methods with application to electrophysiology : theory and implementation

Benedusi, Pietro ; Krause, Rolf (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2020 ; 2020INFO005.

The goal of this thesis is to design and study an efficient strategy to solve possibly non-linear parabolic partial differential equations on massively parallel machines. Traditionally, when solving time-dependent problems, time stepping methods are used to advance the solution in time. These techniques are inherently sequential and therefore they introduce a bottleneck in the overall...

Université de Fribourg

Entre héritage national et ressource économique : L'enseignement de la langue et culture portugaise en Suisse à l'épreuve du capitalisme tardif

Steiner, Mariana ; Duchêne, Alexandre (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2018.

Cette thèse analyse la manière dont les nouvelles idéologies langagières, conséquences du capitalisme tardif, affectent l'investissement du Portugal et de la Suisse dans l’enseignement de la langue et culture d’origine portugaise aux communautés émigrés (enseignement LCOP). Elle cherche également à explorer la manière dont les membres de la communauté portugaise contestent,...

Public access from May 8, 2022
Università della Svizzera italiana

Secrecy in the age of transparency : an investigation into legitimations, conceptions and practices of non-disclosure

Heide, Marlen ; Villeneuve, Jean-Patrick (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2019 ; 2019COM004.

The objective of this research is to illustrate the complexity and fluidity of the relationship between secrecy and transparency by considering the multiple rationales that serve to justify secrecy. The conceptual contribution of this thesis lies at two levels: (1) the reconceptualization of national security secrecy from realism to risk management and (2) the implications of such...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Experiential learning under ambiguity

Wahle, Thorsten ; Martignoni, Dirk (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2020 ; 2020ECO003.

In this dissertation I study choice contexts of learning under ambiguity. Experiential learning takes place by making choices, observing the outcomes, and altering future choices accordingly. Over time, such learning is expected to improve choices and outcomes but only when decision makers can classify outcomes as either successes or failures. This dichotomous outcome has clear behavioral...

Université de Fribourg

Participation in Energy Transition : The Potential and the Coordination of Energy Communities

Hertig, Yves ; Teufel, Stephanie (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2019.

The Swiss electricity sector aims to have a future that is greener, cheaper, fairer and more reliable. With the approval of the new Energy Act (EnA), politicians and society anticipate a more participative role of Swiss households concerning such major energy-related aims. However, the question arises whether such expectations are actually justified. This thesis relativizes major expectations...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Labour market outcomes : Careers, transitions and durations

Malfitano, Paolo ; Maggi, Rico (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2020 ; 2020ECO004.

This thesis contributes to labour economics by considering a wide range of factors influencing career paths, transitions to self- employment and duration in entrepreneurship. In the past literature, several studies have analysed labour market outcomes, transitions and durations. Nevertheless, there is the need of knowing more about the influence of individual and background characteristics on...

Médiathèque Valais

La grippe espagnole en Valais (1918-1919)

Marino, Laura ; Barras, Vincent (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Médiathèque Valais, 2014.

Thèse. Biologie. Médecine. 2014.