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Université de Neuchâtel

De la coutume au code : résistances à la codification du droit civil à Neuchâtel sous l'Ancien Régime

Wyssbrod, Adrien ; Christin, Olivier (Dir.) ; Dunand, Jean-Philippe (Codir.) ; Chaix, Gérald (Codir.) ; Tappy, Denis (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018.

Civil law in the Principality of Neuchâtel remained customary throughout the “Ancien Régime”. Despite a seemingly strong desire to codify, successive princes of Neuchâtel were unable to get this custom written. Their dreams of codifications were totaly in accordance with the ideas of the Enlightenment and the sovereigns were supported by philosophers. Why, in a small principality like...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Consensus protocols exploiting network programmability

Dang, Huynh Tu ; Soulé, Robert (Dir.) ; Pedone, Fernando (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2019 ; 2019INFO003.

Services rely on replication mechanisms to be available at all time. The service demanding high availability is replicated on a set of machines called replicas. To maintain the consistency of replicas, a consensus protocol such as Paxos or Raft is used to synchronize the replicas' state. As a result, failures of a minority of replicas will not affect the service as other non-faulty replicas...

Università della Svizzera italiana

High performance selected inversion methods for sparse matrices : direct and stochastic approaches to selected inversion

Verbosio, Fabio ; Schenk, Olaf (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2019 ; 2019INFO002.

The explicit evaluation of selected entries of the inverse of a given sparse matrix is an important process in various application fields and is gaining visibility in recent years. While a standard inversion process would require the computation of the whole inverse who is, in general, a dense matrix, state-of-the-art solvers perform a selected inversion process instead. Such approach allows...

Université de Neuchâtel

El ritmo acentual en treinta y tres romances de juventud atribuidos a Lope de Vega

Llamas Martínez, Jacobo ; Sánchez Jiménez, Antonio (Dir.) ; Matas Caballero, Juan (Codir.) ; Navarro Colorado, Borja (Codir.) ; Udaondo Alegre, Juan (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

This thesis is based on a statement made by Lope in the prologue of the Rimas of 1604 on the “corresponsión de las cadencias” in romances; the statement seems to refer to a technical difficulty related to the distribution of accents, often overlooked by the “gente ignorante.” To solve both questions of whether Lope alluded to a technical difficulty linked to accents and whether his words...

Université de Neuchâtel

Essays on the supply side of raw wood

Krähenbühl, Géraud ; Farsi, Mehdi (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018 ; 2739.

The Swiss forestry industry is a complex environment including aspects of both public and private sectors. As a consequence, pure public sector economics cannot be fully applied in this context as forestry firms are in the private market of selling raw wood; it turns out to be an important part of their job and most of their revenues. At the same time, it is not possible to only consider the...

Université de Fribourg

Textproduktion auf der Primarschulstufe : eine vergleichende Analyse schriftlicher Erzählfähigkeiten bei Schülerinnen und Schülern mit Deutsch als Erst- und Zweitsprache

Greber, Larissa ; Studer, Thomas (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2018.

In Kanton Freiburg werden Schülerinnen und Schüler mit Deutsch als Zweitsprache (DaZ) von Anfang an in die Regelklasse integriert. Die Berücksichtigung der sprachlich heterogenen Voraussetzungen der Lernenden mit Deutsch als Erst- und Zweitsprache stellt Lehrpersonen im täglichen Unterricht vor eine grosse Herausforderung. Sie müssen die Brücke schlagen zwischen Kompetenzerwartungen, die...

Université de Neuchâtel

Essays on the globalization of firm ownership

Zhang, Xiqian ; Salva, Carolina (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2017 ; 2671.

This dissertation is constituted of three distinct chapters. The first chapter seeks to resolve a recent debate on whether sovereign wealth funds(SWFs) have non-financial objectives and politically distort firm performance. I find that, once stake size is considered, previous belief that SWFs would affect firm performance should be reformulated. SWFs rarely seek an influential stake in listed...

Université de Fribourg

A novel approach to estimate glacier mass balance in the Tien Shan and Pamir based on transient snowline observations

Barandun, Martina ; Huss, Matthias (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2018 ; no 2099.

Glaciers are recognised as an excellent proxy for climate change and their centennial massloss has accelerated during the past decades. The Central Asian mountain ranges Tien Shan and Pamir host over 25,000 glaciers that have been observed to respond heterogeneous to climate change. Glacier changes in the region have very important consequences on the water availability for the densely populated...

Université de Neuchâtel

Isotope fractionation due to diffusion and sorption of chlorinated hydrocarbons and its implications for identifying reactive processes in aquifer - aquitard systems

Wanner, Philipp ; Hunkeler, Daniel (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2016.

Chlorinated hydrocarbons are anthropogenic contaminants, which are known to be possibly carcinogenic to humans. Although the peak production of chlorinated hydrocarbons in the 1970ties was followed by a dramatic decrease in the subsequent decades, chlorinated hydrocarbons are still frequently detected in aquifer systems demonstrating their long-term persistence. When chlorinated hydrocarbons are...