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Université de Neuchâtel

Ecosystem engineers’ contribution to soil structure formation in floodplains

Schomburg, Andreas ; Le Bayon, Claire (Dir.) ; Guenat, Claire (Codir.) ; Brunner, Philip (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

Soil structure formation constitutes an extremely important process in near-natural and restored floodplains. A stable soil structure protects riverbanks from erosion and contributes to the preservation of ecosystem services. However, developing a soil structure in alluvial soils is difficult for several reasons. Extensive alluvial dynamics cause periodic waterlogging and continuously rejuvenate...

Université de Fribourg

Hold on to your friends: dedicated chaperones of ribosomal proteins

Pillet, Benjamin ; Mitterer, Valentin ; Kressler, Dieter ; Pertschy, Brigitte

In: BioEssays, 2017, vol. 39, no. 1, p. -

Eukaryotic ribosomes are assembled from their components, the ribosomal RNAs and ribosomal proteins, in a tremendously complex, multi-step process, which primarily takes place in the nuclear compartment. Therefore, most ribosomal proteins have to travel from the cytoplasm to their incorporation site on pre-ribosomes within the nucleus. However, due to their particular characteristics, such as...

Université de Fribourg

Consensus of self-driven agents with avoidance of collisions

Peng, Liqian ; Zhao, Yang ; Tian, Baomei ; Zhang, Jue ; Wang, Bing-Hong ; Zhang, Hai-Tao ; Zhou, Tao

In: Physical Review E, 2009, vol. 79, no. 2, p. 026113

In recent years, many efforts have been addressed on collision avoidance of collectively moving agents. In this paper, we propose a modified version of the Vicsek model with adaptive speed, which can guarantee the absence of collisions. However, this strategy leads to an aggregated state with slowly moving agents. We therefore further add a certain repulsion, which results in both faster...

Université de Fribourg

Analogy of the Coordination Chemistry of Alkaline Earth Metal and Lanthanide Ln²⁺ Ions: The Isostructural Zoo of Mixed Metal Cages [IM(OtBu)₄{Li(thf)}₄(OH)] (M=Ca, Sr, Ba, Eu), [MM′₆(OPh)₈(thf)₆] (M=Ca, Sr, Ba, Sm, Eu, M′=Li, Na), and their Derivatives with 1,2-Dimethoxyethane

Maudez, William ; Meuwly, Markus ; Fromm, Katharina M.

In: Chemistry - A European Journal, 2007, vol. 13, no. 29, p. 8302 - 8316

As previously shown, alkali and alkaline earth metal iodides in nonaqueous, aprotic solvents behave like transition metal halides, forming cis- and trans-dihalides with various neutral O-donor ligands. These compounds can be used as precursors for the synthesis of new mixed alkali/alkaline earth metal aggregates. We show here that Ln²⁺ ions form isostructural cluster compounds....

Université de Fribourg

Characterization of the pores in hydrous ferric oxide aggregates formed by freezing and thawing

Hofmann, Annette ; Pelletier, Manuel ; Michot, Laurent ; Stradner, Anna ; Schurtenberger, Peter ; Kretzschmar, Ruben

In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2004, vol. 271, p. 163-173

Hydrous ferric oxides (HFO) are efficient sorbents for inorganic and organic pollutants and therefore have great potentials in environmental science and engineering applications. Freezing and thawing of HFO suspensions leads to the formation of dense HFO aggregates. It facilitates the handling and increases the drying rate of HFO. In this study, we used a combination of pycnometry, gas adsorption...