Université de Fribourg

Ultrafast coupled charge and spin dynamics in strongly correlated NiO

Gillmeister, Konrad ; Golež, Denis ; Chiang, Cheng-Tien ; Bittner, Nikolaj ; Pavlyukh, Yaroslav ; Berakdar, Jamal ; Werner, Philipp ; Widdra, Wolf

In: Nature Communications, 2020, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 4095

Charge excitations across an electronic band gap play an important role in opto- electronics and light harvesting. In contrast to conventional semiconductors, studies of above-band-gap photoexcitations in strongly correlated materials are still in their infancy. Here we reveal the ultrafast dynamics controlled by Hund’s physics in strongly correlated photoexcited NiO. By combining...

Université de Fribourg

High-harmonic generation in spin-orbit coupled systems

Lysne, Markus ; Murakami, Yuta ; Schüler, Michael ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 102, no. 8, p. 081121

We study high-harmonic generation in two-dimensional electron systems with Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling and derive harmonic generation selection rules with the help of group theory. Based on the band structures of these minimal models and explicit simulations we reveal how the spin-orbit parameters control the cutoff energy in the high-harmonic spectrum. We also show that the...

Université de Fribourg

Superconducting optical response of photodoped Mott insulators

Li, J. ; Golez, D. ; Werner, Philipp ; Eckstein, M.

In: Modern Physics Letters B, 2020, vol. 34, no. 19n20, p. 2040054

Ultrafast laser pulses can redistribute charges in Mott insulators on extremely short time scales, leading to the fast generation of photocarriers. It has recently been demonstrated that these photocarriers can form a novel η-paired condensate at low temperatures, featuring a staggered superconducting pairing field. In this conference paper, we discuss the origin of the η-paired hidden...

Université de Fribourg

Entropy and specific heat of the infinite-dimensional three-orbital Hubbard model

Yue, Changming ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 102, no. 8, p. 085102

The Hund's coupling in multiorbital Hubbard systems induces spin freezing and associated Hund metal behavior. Using dynamical mean-field theory, we explore the effect of local moment formation, spin, and charge excitations on the entropy and specific heat of the three-orbital model. For fillings 2≲n<3 and low temperature, we demonstrate a substantial enhancement of the entropy in the...

Université de Fribourg

Signatures of bosonic excitations in high-harmonic spectra of Mott insulators

Lysne, Markus ; Murakami, Yuta ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 19, p. 195139

The high-harmonic spectrum of the Mott insulating Hubbard model has recently been shown to exhibit plateau structures with cutoff energies determined by nth-nearest- neighbor doublon-holon recombination processes. The spectrum thus allows one to extract the on-site repulsion U. Here, we consider generalizations of the single-band Hubbard model and discuss the signatures of bosonic excitations...

Université de Fribourg

Collective modes in excitonic insulators: Effects of electron-phonon coupling and signatures in the optical response

Murakami, Yuta ; Golež, Denis ; Kaneko, Tatsuya ; Koga, Akihisa ; Millis, Andrew J. ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 19, p. 195118

We consider a two-band spinless model describing an excitonic insulator (EI) on the two-dimensional square lattice with anisotropic hopping parameters and electron-phonon (el-ph) coupling, inspired by the EI candidate Ta2NiSe5. We systematically study the nature of the collective excitations in the ordered phase which originates from the interband Coulomb interaction and the el-ph coupling. ...

Université de Fribourg

Revealing Hund’s multiplets in Mott insulators under strong electric fields

Dasari, Nagamalleswararao ; Li, Jiajun ; Werner, Philipp ; Eckstein, Martin

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 16, p. 161107

We investigate the strong-field dynamics of a paramagnetic two-band Mott insulator using real-time dynamical mean-field theory. We demonstrate that strong electric fields can lead to a transient localization of electrons. This nonequilibrium quantum effect allows us to reveal specific signatures of local correlations in the time-resolved photoemission spectrum. In particular, we demonstrate...

Université de Fribourg

Photoenhanced excitonic correlations in a Mott insulator with nonlocal interactions

Bittner, Nikolaj ; Golež, Denis ; Eckstein, Martin ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 8, p. 085127

We investigate the effect of nonlocal interactions on the photodoped Mott insulating state of the two-dimensional Hubbard model using a nonequilibrium generalization of the dynamical cluster approximation. In particular, we compare the situation where the excitonic states are lying within the continuum of doublon-holon excitations to a setup where the excitons appear within the Mott gap. In...

Université de Fribourg

Local Berry curvature signatures in dichroic angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy from two-dimensional materials

Schüler, Michael ; Giovannini, Umberto De ; Hübener, Hannes ; Rubio, Angel ; Sentef, Michael A. ; Werner, Philipp

In: Science Advances, 2020, vol. 6, no. 9, p. eaay2730

Topologically nontrivial two-dimensional materials hold great promise for next- generation optoelectronic applications. However, measuring the Hall or spin-Hall response is often a challenge and practically limited to the ground state. An experimental technique for tracing the topological character in a differential fashion would provide useful insights. In this work, we show that circular...

Université de Fribourg

Ultrafast nonequilibrium evolution of excitonic modes in semiconductors

Murakami, Yuta ; Schüler, Michael ; Takayoshi, Shintaro ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 3, p. 035203

We study the time evolution of excitonic states after photoexcitation in the one- dimensional spinless extended Falicov-Kimball model. Several numerical methods are employed and benchmarked against each other: time-dependent mean-field simulations, the second-Born approximation (2BA) within the Kadanoff-Baym formalism, the generalized Kadanoff-Baym ansatz (GKBA) implemented with the 2BA, and...