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Université de Fribourg

Airborne medicine: bacterial volatiles and their influence on plant health

Garbeva, Paolina ; Weisskopf, Laure

In: New Phytologist, 2019, p. -

Like most other eukaryotes, plants do not live alone but in close association with a diverse microflora. These plant‐associated microbes contribute to plant health in many different ways, ranging from modulation of hormonal pathways to direct antibiosis of plant pathogens. Over the last 15 yr, the importance of volatile organic compounds as mediators of mutualistic interactions between...

Université de Fribourg

Biocontrol activity of three Pseudomonas in a newly assembled collection of Phytophthora infestans isolates

De Vrieze, Mout ; Gloor, Ramona ; Massana Codina, Josep ; Torriani, Stefano ; Gindro, Katia ; L?Haridon, Floriane ; Bailly, Aurélien ; Weisskopf, Laure

In: Phytopathology, 2019, vol. 109, no. 9, p. 1555–1565

Late blight caused by the oomycete Phytophthora infestans constitutes the greatest threat to potato production worldwide. Considering the increasing concerns regarding the emergence of novel fungicide-resistant genotypes and the general demand for reducing inputs of synthetic and copper-based fungicides, the need for alternative control methods is acute. Several bacterial antagonists have...

Université de Fribourg

Microbial life in the grapevine: what can we expect from the leaf microbiome?

Vionnet, Léo ; Vrieze, Mout De ; Dutartre, Agnès ; Gfeller, Aurélie ; Lüthi, Angelika ; L’Haridon, Floriane ; Weisskopf, Laure

In: OENO One, 2018, vol. 52, no. 3, p. 219–224

Recent studies have shown that plants harbor complex bacterial communities, the so- called “microbiome”. We are only beginning to unravel the origin of these bacterial plant inhabitants, their community structure and their roles, which, in analogy to the gut microbiome, are likely to be of essential nature. The aim of this work was to analyze the abundance and diversity of the cultivable...

Université de Fribourg

Combining different potato-associated pseudomonas strains for improved biocontrol of Phytophthora infestans

Vrieze, Mout De ; Germanier, Fanny ; Vuille, Nicolas ; Weisskopf, Laure

In: Frontiers in Microbiology, 2018, vol. 9, p. -

Late blight caused by Phytophthora infestans is considered as the most devastating disease of potato and is a re-emerging problem worldwide. Current late blight control practices rely mostly on synthetic fungicides or copper-based products, but growing awareness of the negative impact of these compounds on the environment has led to the search for alternative control measures. A collection of...

Université de Fribourg

Mining the volatilomes of plant-associated microbiota for new biocontrol solutions

Bailly, Aurélien ; Weisskopf, Laure

In: Frontiers in Microbiology, 2017, vol. 8, p. -

Microbial lifeforms associated with land plants represent a rich source for crop growth- and health-promoting microorganisms and biocontrol agents. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced by the plant microbiota have been demonstrated to elicit plant defenses and inhibit the growth and development of numerous plant pathogens. Therefore these molecules are prospective alternatives to...

Université de Fribourg

The inter-kingdom volatile signal indole promotes root development by interfering with auxin signalling

Bailly, Aurélien ; Groenhagen, Ulrike ; Schulz, Stefan ; Geisler, Markus ; Eberl, Leo ; Weisskopf, Laure

In: The Plant Journal, 2014, vol. 80, no. 5, p. 758–771

Recently, emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has emerged as a mode of communication between bacteria and plants. Although some bacterial VOCs that promote plant growth have been identified, their underlying mechanism of action is unknown. Here we demonstrate that indole, which was identified using a screen for Arabidopsis growth promotion by VOCs from soil-borne bacteria, is a potent...