Consortium of Swiss Academic Libraries

The lifespan development of cognate guessing skills in an unknown related language

Vanhove, Jan ; Berthele, Raphael

In: International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 2015, vol. 53, no. 1, p. 1-38

Université de Fribourg

When labeling L2 users as nativelike or not, consider classification errors

Vanhove, Jan

In: Second Language Research

Researchers commonly estimate the prevalence of nativelikeness among second-language learners by assessing how many of them perform similarly to a sample of native speakers on one or several linguistic tasks. Even when the native (L1) samples and second-language (L2) samples are comparable in terms of age, socio-economic status, educational background and the like, these nativelikeness estimates...

Université de Fribourg

Predicting perceptions of the lexical richness of short French, German, and Portuguese texts using text-based indices

Vanhove, Jan ; Bonvin, Audrey ; Lambelet, Amelia ; Berthele, Raphael

In: Journal of Writing Research, 2019, vol. 10, no. 3, p. 499-525

We investigated how well readers’ perceptions of the lexical richness of short texts can be predicted on the basis of automatically computable indices of the texts’ lexical properties. 3,060 French, German and Portuguese texts (between 9 and 284 words long) written by 8- to 10-year-olds were rated for their lexical richness by between 3 and 18 uninstructed raters, and over 150 indices were...

Université de Fribourg

Die Entwicklung von produktiven lexikalischen Kompetenzen bei Schüler(innen) mit portugiesischem Migrationshintergrund in der Schweiz

Bonvin, Audrey ; Vanhove, Jan ; Berthele, Raphael ; Lambelet, Amelia

In: Zeitschrift für Interkulturellen Fremdsprachenunterricht

Lexical diversity and sophistication (in term of average corpus frequency) development in the school language (German or French) is investigated longitudinally in a population of Portuguese heritage speakers aged 8 to 10. Results show an improvement in lexical diversity scores but not in lexical sophistication. Differences were found between Portuguese heritage speakers and age matched children...

Université de Fribourg

Analyzing randomized controlled interventions : Three notes for applied linguists

Vanhove, Jan

In: Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching, 2015, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 135-152

I discuss three common practices that obfuscate or invalidate the statistical analysis of randomized controlled interventions in applied linguistics. These are (a) checking whether randomization produced groups that are balanced on a number of possibly relevant covariates, (b) using repeated measures ANOVA to analyze pretest-posttest designs, and (c) using traditional significance tests to...

Université de Fribourg

Factoren bij het herkennen van cognaten in onbekende talen: algemeen of taalspecifiek?

Vanhove, Jan ; Berthele, Raphael

In: Taal en Tongval, 2013, vol. 65, no. 2, p. 171-210

The correct recognition of cognate relationships is a precondition for receptive multilingualism within language families. Several item- and participant-related factors have been identified that affect the probability with which readers and listeners correctly recognise and translate cognates in an unknown but genealogically related foreign language. Most of the relevant findings, how­ever, are...

Université de Fribourg

The lifespan development of cognate guessing skills in an unknown related language

Vanhove, Jan ; Berthele, Raphael

In: International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 2015, vol. 53, no. 1, p. 1-38

This study investigates the lifespan development of the ability to correctly guess the meaning of foreign-language words with known translation-equivalent cognates. It also aims to identify the cognitive and linguistic factors driving this development. To this end, 159 German-speaking Swiss participants aged 10 to 86 were asked to translate 45 written and 45 spoken isolated Swedish words with...

Université de Fribourg

Interactions between formal distance and participant-related variables in receptive multilingualism

Vanhove, Jan ; Berthele, Raphael

In: International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 2017, vol. 55, no. 1, p. 23-40

Recognizing cognates in a related but unknown language (Lx) is of key importance in receptive multilingualism. Many studies have consequently investigated the impact of both item-related characteristics (most notably the cognates’ formal distance to their L1/L2 counterparts) and participant-related variables (e. g., the make-up of the participants’ linguistic repertoires) on Lx cognate...

Université de Fribourg

The influence of Standard and substandard Dutch on gender assignment in second language German

Vanhove, Jan

In: Language Learning, 2017, p. 1-47

This study investigated how standard and substandard varieties of first language (L1) Dutch affect grammatical gender assignments to nouns in second language (L2) German. While German distinguishes between masculine, feminine, and neuter gender, the masculine–feminine distinction has nearly disappeared in Standard Dutch. Many substandard Belgian Dutch varieties, however, still mark this...

Université de Fribourg

Age of second-language acquisition: Critical periods and social concerns

Birdsong, David ; Vanhove, Jan

In: Bilingualism across the lifespan: Factors moderating language proficiency, 2016, p. 163-182

A classic topic in research on bilingualism across the lifespan is the relationship between the age at which learners start to acquire a second language (L2) and their ultimate level of proficiency in that language. Learning of an L2 that begins in infancy is typically associated with fluent speech, effortless language processing, and native accent. In contrast, late L2 learners tend to diverge...