Université de Fribourg

The PARP inhibitor olaparib exerts beneficial effects in mice subjected to cecal ligature and puncture and in cells subjected to oxidative stress without impairing DNA integrity: A potential opportunity for repurposing a clinically used oncological drug for the experimental therapy of sepsis

Ahmad, Akbar ; Vieira, Juliana de Camargo ; Mello, Aline Haas de ; Lima, Thais Martins de ; Ariga, Suely Kubo ; Barbeiro, Denise Frediani ; Barbeiro, Hermes Vieira ; Szczesny, Bartosz ; Törö, Gábor ; Druzhyna, Nadiya ; B.Randi, Elisa ; Marcatti, Michela ; Toliver-Kinsky, Tracy ; Kiss, András ; Liaudet, Lucas ; Salomao, Reinaldo ; Soriano, Francisco Garcia ; Szabo, Csaba

In: Pharmacological Research, 2019, vol. 145, p. 104263

Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is involved in the pathogenesis of cell dysfunction, inflammation and organ failure during septic shock. The goal of the current study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of the clinically approved PARP inhibitor olaparib in experimental models of oxidative stress in vitro and in sepsis in vivo. In mice subjected to cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)...

Université de Fribourg

H2S, a Bacterial Defense Mechanism against the Host Immune Response

Toliver-Kinsky, Tracy ; Cui, Weihua ; Törö, Gabor ; Lee, Seung-Jin ; Shatalin, Konstantin ; Nudler, Evgeny ; Szabo, Csaba

In: Infection and Immunity, 2019, vol. 87, no. 1, p. e00272-18

The biological mediator hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is produced by bacteria and has been shown to be cytoprotective against oxidative stress and to increase the sensitivity of various bacteria to a range of antibiotic drugs. Here we evaluated whether bacterial H2S provides resistance against the immune response, using two bacterial species that are common sources of nosocomial infections,...