Université de Fribourg

Characterization of the global network of optical magnetometers to search for exotic physics (GNOME)

Afach, S. ; Budker, D. ; Camp, G. De ; Dumont, V. ; Grujić, Zoran Dragan ; Guo, H. ; Jackson Kimball, D. F. ; Kornack, T. W. ; Lebedev, Victor ; Li, W. ; Masia-Roig, H. ; Nix, S. ; Padniuk, M. ; Palm, C. A. ; Pankow, C. ; Penaflor, A. ; Peng, X. ; Pustelny, Simon ; Scholtes, Theo ; Smiga, J. A. ; Stalnaker, J. E. ; Weis, Antoine ; Wickenbrock, A. ; Wurm, D.

In: Physics of the Dark Universe, 2018, vol. 22, p. 162–180

The Global Network of Optical Magnetometers to search for Exotic physics (GNOME) is a network of geographically separated, time-synchronized, optically pumped atomic magnetometers that is being used to search for correlated transient signals heralding exotic physics. The GNOME is sensitive to nuclear- and electron-spin couplings to exotic fields from astrophysical sources such as compact...

Université de Fribourg

Searching for axion stars and $Q$-balls with a terrestrial magnetometer network

Kimball, D. F. Jackson ; Budker, D. ; Eby, J. ; Pospelov, M. ; Pustelny, Szymon ; Scholtes, Theo ; Stadnik, Y. V. ; Weis, Antoine ; Wickenbrock, A.

In: Physical Review D, 2018, vol. 97, no. 4, p. 043002

Light (pseudo-)scalar fields are promising candidates to be the dark matter in the Universe. Under certain initial conditions in the early Universe and/or with certain types of self-interactions, they can form compact dark-matter objects such as axion stars or Q-balls. Direct encounters with such objects can be searched for by using a global network of atomic magnetometers. It is shown that...

Université de Fribourg

Quantitative study of optical pumping in the presence of spin-exchange relaxation

Shi, Yongqi ; Scholtes, Theo ; Grujić, Zoran D. ; Lebedev, Victor ; Dolgovskiy, Vladimir ; Weis, Antoine

In: Physical Review A, 2018, vol. 97, no. 1, p. 013419

We have performed quantitative measurements of the variation of the on-resonance absorption coefficients κ0 of the four hyperfine components of the Cs D1 transition as a function of laser power P, for pumping with linearly and with circularly polarized light. Sublevel populations derived from rate equations assuming isotropic population relaxation (at a rate γ1) yield algebraic κ0(P)...

Université de Fribourg

An optically pumped magnetometer working in the light-shift dispersed Mz mode

Schultze, Volkmar ; Schillig, Bastian ; IJsselsteijn, Rob ; Scholtes, Theo ; Woetzel, Stefan ; Stolz, Ronny

In: Sensors, 2017, vol. 17, no. 3, p. 561

We present an optically pumped magnetometer working in a new operational mode— the light-shift dispersed Mz (LSD-Mz) mode. It is realized combining various features; (1) high power off-resonant optical pumping; (2) Mz configuration, where pumping light and magnetic field of interest are oriented parallel to each other; (3) use of small alkali metal vapor cells of identical properties in...

Université de Fribourg

Orientational dependence of optically detected magnetic resonance signals in laser-driven atomic magnetometers

Colombo, Simone ; Dolgovskiy, Vladimir ; Scholtes, Theo ; Grujić, Zoran D. ; Lebedev, Victor ; Weis, Antoine

In: Applied Physics B, 2017, vol. 123, no. 1, p. 35

We have investigated the dependence of lock-in-demodulated Mx-magnetometer signals on the orientation of the static magnetic field B0 of interest. Magnetic resonance spectra for 2400 discrete orientations of B0 covering a 4π solid angle have been recorded by a PC-controlled steering and data acquisition system. Off-line fits by previously derived lineshape functions allow us to extract the...

Université de Fribourg

Suppression of spin-exchange relaxation in tilted magnetic fields within the geophysical range

Scholtes, Theo ; Pustelny, Szymon ; Fritzsche, Stephan ; Schultze, Volkmar ; Stolz, Ronny ; Meyer, Hans-Georg

In: Physical Review A, 2016, vol. 94, no. 1, p. 13403

We present a detailed experimental and theoretical study on the relaxation of spin coherence due to the spin-exchange mechanism arising in the electronic ground states of alkali-metal vapor atoms. As opposed to the well-explored formation of a stretched state in a longitudinal geometry (magnetic field parallel to the laser propagation direction) we employ adapted hyperfine-selective optical...