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Université de Fribourg

Estimating economic benefits of biological control of Ambrosia artemisiifolia by Ophraella communa in southeastern France

Mouttet, Raphaelle ; Augustinus, Benno ; Bonini, Maira ; Chauvel, Bruno ; Desneux, Nicolas ; Gachet, Emmanuel ; Le Bourgeois, Thomas ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Thibaudon, Michel ; Schaffner, Urs

In: Basic and Applied Ecology, 2018, vol. 33, p. 14–24

The North American common ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia, which produces highly allergenic pollen, is invasive in different parts of the world, including Europe. In 2013, common ragweed in northern Italy was found attacked by another accidentally introduced species, the North American leaf beetle Ophraella communa, which is used for biological control of common ragweed in China. Since the...

Université de Fribourg

Cross-fertilizing weed science and plant invasion science to improve efficient management: A European challenge

Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Sun, Yan ; Chauvel, Bruno ; Karrer, Gerhard ; Kazinczi, Gabriella ; Kudsk, P. ; Lansink Oud, A. G. J. M. ; Schaffner, Urs ; Skjoth, C. A. ; Smith, M. ; Vurro, M. ; de Weger, L. A. ; Lommen, Suzanne T. E.

In: Basic and Applied Ecology, 2018, vol. 33, p. 1–13

Both weed science and plant invasion science deal with noxious plants. Yet, they have historically developed as two distinct research areas in Europe, with different target species, approaches and management aims, as well as with diverging institutions and researchers involved. We argue that the strengths of these two disciplines can be highly complementary in implementing management...

Université de Fribourg

Biological invasion of oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare) in North America: Pre-adaptation, post-introduction evolution, or both?

Stutz, Sonja ; Mráz, Patrik ; Hinz, Hariet L. ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Schaffner, Urs

In: PLOS ONE, 2018, vol. 13, no. 1, p. e0190705

Species may become invasive after introduction to a new range because phenotypic traits pre-adapt them to spread and become dominant. In addition, adaptation to novel selection pressures in the introduced range may further increase their potential to become invasive. The diploid Leucanthemum vulgare and the tetraploid L. ircutianum are native to Eurasia and have been introduced to North...

Université de Fribourg

Ploidy level in the genus Leucanthemum correlates with resistance to a specialist herbivore

Stutz, Sonja ; Hinz, Hariet L. ; Konowalik, Kamil ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Oberprieler, Christoph ; Schaffner, Urs

In: Ecosphere, 2016, vol. 7, no. 9, p. -

Polyploidy is considered to be a major source of genetic diversity in plants. Genome duplication has been shown repeatedly to be associated with changes in biotic interactions, but little is known about whether species traits such as herbivore resistance consistently change with increasing ploidy level among closely related plant species. We tested whether larval survival and performance of...

Université de Fribourg

Neighbour origin and ploidy level drive impact of an alien invasive plant species in a competitive environment

Sun, Yan ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Schaffner, Urs

In: PLOS ONE, 2016, vol. 11, no. 5, p. e0155712

Our understanding of the potential mechanisms driving the spread and naturalization of alien plant species has increased over the past decades, but specific knowledge on the factors contributing to their increased impact in the introduced range is still urgently needed. The native European plant Centaurea stoebe occurs as two cytotypes with different life histories (monocarpic diploids,...

Université de Fribourg

Can enemy release explain the invasion success of the diploid Leucanthemum vulgare in North America?

Stutz, Sonja ; Štajerová, Kateřina ; Hinz, Hariet L. ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Schaffner, Urs

In: Biological Invasions, 2016, p. 1–15

Enemy release is a commonly accepted mechanism to explain plant invasions. Both the diploid Leucanthemum vulgare and the morphologically very similar tetraploid Leucanthemum ircutianum have been introduced into North America. To verify which species is more prevalent in North America we sampled 98 Leucanthemum populations and determined their ploidy level. Although polyploidy has repeatedly...

Université de Fribourg

Biogeographic effects on early establishment of an invasive alien plant

Sun, Yan ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Maron, John L. ; Schaffner, Urs

In: American Journal of Botany, 2015, vol. 102, no. 4, p. 621–625

Premise of the study: Biotic resistance is often studied in the context of how interactions between native biota and invading species influence the success of those invaders. Seldom, however, is the strength of “resistance” compared biogeographically, where the ability of a species to impede invader establishment is contrasted between an invader’s native and introduced recipient...