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Université de Fribourg

Assessment of the potential for in-plume sulphur dioxide gas-ash interactions to influence the respiratory toxicity of volcanic ash

Tomašek, Ines ; Damby, David E. ; Horwell, Claire J. ; Ayris, Paul M. ; Delmelle, Pierre ; Ottley, Christopher J. ; Cubillas, Pablo ; Casas, Ana S. ; Bisig, Christoph ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Dingwell, Donald B. ; Clift, Martin J. D. ; Drasler, Barbara ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara

In: Environmental Research, 2019, vol. 179, p. 108798

Volcanic plumes are complex environments composed of gases and ash particles, where chemical and physical processes occur at different temperature and compositional regimes. Commonly, soluble sulphate- and chloride-bearing salts are formed on ash as gases interact with ash surfaces. Exposure to respirable volcanic ash following an eruption is potentially a significant health concern. The...

Université de Fribourg

Precision of Taylor dispersion

Taladriz-Blanco, Patricia ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Balog, Sandor

In: Analytical Chemistry, 2019, vol. 91, no. 15, p. 9946–9951

Taylor dispersion is capable of measuring accurately the hydrodynamic radius over several orders of magnitude. Accordingly, it is now a highly competitive technique dedicated to characterizing small molecules, proteins, macromolecules, nanoparticles, and their self-assembly. Regardless, an in-depth analysis addressing the precision of the technique, being a key indicator of reproducibility,...

Université de Fribourg

Reduction of nanoparticle load in cells by mitosis but not exocytosis

Bourquin, Joël ; Septiadi, Dedy ; Vanhecke, Dimitri ; Balog, Sandor ; Steinmetz, Lukas ; Spuch-Calvar, Miguel ; Taladriz-Blanco, Patricia ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara

In: ACS Nano, 2019, vol. 13, no. 7, p. 7759–7770

The long-term fate of biomedically relevant nanoparticles (NPs) at the single cell level after uptake is not fully understood yet. We report that lysosomal exocytosis of NPs is not a mechanism to reduce the particle load. Biopersistent NPs such as nonporous silica and gold remain in cells for a prolonged time. The only reduction of the intracellular NP number is observed via cell division,...

Université de Fribourg

Phase transformation of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles via thermal annealing: implications for hyperthermia applications

Crippa, Federica ; Rodriguez-Lorenzo, Laura ; Hua, Xiao ; Goris, Bart ; Bals, Sara ; Garitaonandia, José S. ; Balog, Sandor ; Burnand, David ; Hirt, Ann M. ; Haeni, Laetitia ; Lattuada, Marco ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Petri-Fink, Alke

In: ACS Applied Nano Materials, 2019, vol. 2, no. 7, p. 4462–4470

Magnetic hyperthermia has the potential to play an important role in cancer therapy and its efficacy relies on the nanomaterials selected. Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are excellent candidates due to the ability of producing enough heat to kill tumor cells by thermal ablation. However, their heating properties depend strongly on crystalline structure and size, which may...

Université de Fribourg

Polymer-coated gold nanospheres do not impair the innate immune function of human b lymphocytes in vitro

Hočevar, Sandra ; Milošević, Ana ; Rodriguez-Lorenzo, Laura ; Ackermann-Hirschi, Liliane ; Mottas, Ines ; Petri-Fink, 6 Alke ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Bourquin, Carole ; Clift, Martin James David

In: ACS Nano, 2019, vol. 13, no. 6, p. 6790–6800

Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) are intended for use within a variety of biomedical applications due to their physicochemical properties. Although, in general, biocompatibility of GNPs with immune cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells is well established, the impact of GNPs on B lymphocyte immune function remains to be determined. Since B lymphocytes play an important role in health and...

Université de Fribourg

A hydrofluoric acid-free method to dissolve and quantify silica nanoparticles in aqueous and solid matrices

Bossert, David ; Urban, Dominic A. ; Maceroni, Mattia ; Ackermann-Hirschi, Liliane ; Haeni, Laetitia ; Yajan, Phattadon ; Spuch-Calvar, Miguel ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Rodriguez-Lorenzo, Laura ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Schwab, Fabienne

In: Scientific Reports, 2019, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 7938

As the commercial use of synthetic amorphous silica nanomaterials (SiO2-NPs) increases, their effects on the environment and human health have still not been explored in detail. An often-insurmountable obstacle for SiO2-NP fate and hazard research is the challenging analytics of solid particulate silica species, which involves toxic and corrosive hydrofluoric acid (HF). We therefore developed...

Université de Fribourg

Structure and sedimentation kinetics of dense suspensions of fibroblast cells

Zenuni, Arbnor ; Zhang, Chi ; Haeni, Laetitia ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Scheffold, Frank

In: CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, 2019, vol. 73, no. 1, p. 43–46

We investigate the structure and the dynamics of dense suspensions of NIH 3T3 fibroblast cells. Using two-photon microscopy we obtain three dimensional (3D) images from which the size and the packing structure of the dense cell suspensions can be extracted. In addition, we analyse the global time-dependent behaviour of the suspensions by time-lapse measurements of cell sedimentation. Since...

Université de Fribourg

Not just fundamental research: education, equal opportunities, knowledge and technology transfer, and communication at the nccr bio-inspired materials

Capper, Scott ; Haskal, Eliav ; Kilbinger, Andreas ; Montero de Espinosa, Lucas ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Rüegg, Curzio ; Weder, Christoph

In: CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, 2019, vol. 73, no. 1, p. 86–89

Besides conducting excellent fundamental research in domains of strategic importance, the National Centers of Competence in Research (NCCRs) also aim to become centers of reference for education, equal opportunities, and knowledge and technology transfer. These activities are supported by a communication strategy focused on specific target groups. This article describes some of the main...