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Université de Fribourg

Rapid detection of carbapenemase-producing Pseudomonas spp. using the NitroSpeed-Carba NP test

Sadek, Mustafa ; Poirel, Laurent ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 2021, vol. 99, no. 3, p. 115280

The NitroSpeed-Carba NP test was used to rapidly detect and discriminate between the different types of carbapenemases (classes A, B, and D) within 30 minutes among a collection of 202 Pseudomonas sp. strains (mostly Pseudomonas aeruginosa). A total of 99 carbapenemase–(including enzymes exhibiting weak carbapenemase activity such as several Guyana Extended-Spectrum (GES)-ß-lactamases) and...

Université de Fribourg

Cross-border emergence of Escherichia coli producing the carbapenemase NDM-5 in Switzerland and Germany

Chakraborty, Trinad ; Sadek, Mustafa ; Yao, Yancheng ; Imirzalioglu, Can ; Stephan, Roger ; Poirel, Laurent ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 2020, p. -

A series of clinical NDM-5-producing E. coli isolates obtained from two surveillance networks of carbapenem-producing Enterobacterales from 2018-2019, namely Switzerland (NARA) and Germany (SurvCARE), were analyzed. The 33 NDM-5- producing E. coli isolates were highly resistant to β-lactams including the novel ß- lactam/ß-lactamase inhibitor combinations (ceftazidime/avibactam, ...

Université de Fribourg

A standard numbering scheme for class c β-lactamases

Mack, Andrew R. ; Barnes, Melissa D. ; Taracila, Magdalena A. ; Hujer, Andrea M. ; Hujer, Kristine M. ; Cabot, Gabriel ; Feldgarden, Michael ; Haft, Daniel H. ; Klimke, William ; Akker, Focco van den ; Vila, Alejandro J. ; Smania, Andrea ; Haider, Shozeb ; Papp-Wallace, Krisztina M. ; Bradford, Patricia A. ; Rossolini, Gian Maria ; Docquier, Jean-Denis ; Frère, Jean-Marie ; Galleni, Moreno ; Hanson, Nancy D. ; Oliver, Antonio ; Plésiatyz, Patrick ; Poirel, Laurent ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Palzkill, Timothy G. ; Jacoby, George A. ; Bush, Karen ; Bonomo, Robert A.

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2020, vol. 64, no. 3, p. -

Unlike for classes A and B, a standardized amino acid numbering scheme has not been proposed for the class C (AmpC) β-lactamases, which complicates communication in the field. Here, we propose a scheme developed through a collaborative approach that considers both sequence and structure, preserves traditional numbering of catalytically important residues (Ser64, Lys67, Tyr150, and Lys315),...

Université de Fribourg

Rapid ESBL NP test for rapid detection of expanded-spectrum β-lactamase producers in enterobacterales

Demord, Anthony ; Poirel, Laurent ; D'Emidio, Fernando ; Pomponio, Stefano ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Microbial Drug Resistance, 2020, p. -

Objectives: To evaluate the biochemical Rapid ESBL NP® (Liofilchem, Italy) for the rapid detection of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in Enterobacterales.Methods: A total of 100 clinical gram-negative strains (40 ESBL producers with or without cephalosporinase, 43 carbapenemase producers with or without additional ESBLs, 8 AmpC-type producers, 6 penicillinase producers, and 3 ...

Université de Fribourg

Genetic features leading to reduced susceptibility to aztreonam-avibactam among metallo-β-lactamase-producing escherichia coli isolates

Sadek, Mustafa ; Juhas, Mario ; Poirel, Laurent ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2020, vol. 64, no. 2020-12, p. -

Metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-producing Escherichia coli isolates resistant to the newly developed β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor drug combination aztreonam-avibactam (ATM-AVI) have been reported. Here, we analyzed a series of 118 clinical MBL- producing E. coli isolates of various geographical origins for susceptibility to ATM-AVI. The nature of the PBP3 protein sequence and the occurrence of...

Université de Fribourg

Dimercaptosuccinic acid in combination with carbapenems against isogenic strains of Escherichia coli producing or not producing a metallo-β-lactamase in vitro and in murine peritonitis

Cheminet, G. ; de Lastours, V. ; Poirel, Laurent ; Chau, F. ; Peoc’h, K. ; Massias, L. ; Fantin, B. ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 2020, vol. 75, no. 12, p. 3593–3600

Background: Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales represent a major therapeutic challenge. MBLs, requiring zinc at their catalytic site, could be inhibited by meso-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA), a heavy metal chelator already widely used for treating lead intoxication.Objectives: To evaluate the activity of carbapenems alone or combined with DMSA against MBL-producing Escherichia coli in...