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Université de Fribourg

Cooccurrence of NDM-1, ESBL, RmtC, AAC(6′)-Ib, and QnrB in Clonally Related Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolates Together with Coexistence of CMY-4 and AAC(6′)-Ib in Enterobacter cloacae Isolates from Saudi Arabia

Al-Agamy, Mohamed H. ; El-Mahdy, Taghrid S. ; Radwan, Hesham H. ; Poirel, Laurent

In: BioMed Research International, 2019, p. -

The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms responsible for resistance to antimicrobials in a collection of enterobacterial isolates recovered from two hospitals in Saudi Arabia. A total of six strains isolated from different patients showing high resistance to carbapenems was recovered in 2015 from two different hospitals, with four being Klebsiella pneumoniae and two...

Université de Fribourg

ZHO-1, an intrinsic MBL from the environmental Gram-negative species Zhongshania aliphaticivorans

Kieffer, Nicolas ; Guzmán-Puche, Julia ; Poirel, Laurent ; Kang, Hyo Jung ; Jeon, Che Ok ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 2019, vol. 74, no. 6, p. 1568–1571

Objectives: Our aim was to characterize the putative MBL of the environmental strain Zhongshania aliphaticivorans isolated from a marine environment.Methods: The putative MBL was identified in silico using the NCBI database. The β-lactamase gene was cloned into different Escherichia coli backgrounds. Kinetic parameters were determined using the purified enzyme.Results: The enzyme named ZHO-1...

Université de Fribourg

A selective culture medium for screening linezolid-resistant gram-positive bacteria

Nordmann, Patrice ; Rodríguez-Villodres, Angel ; Poirel, Laurent

In: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 2019, vol. 95, no. 1, p. 1–4

The SuperLinezolid medium was developed for screening resistance to linezolid (LZD) in Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus spp., Enterococcus spp.). It was evaluated using LZD-susceptible (n = 20) and LZD-resistant (n = 17) Gram-positive isolates. The sensitivity was found to be 82% at 24 h (3 out of 17 isolates being missed), and reached 100% at 48 h. At 48 h, a single...

Université de Fribourg

mcr-9, An inducible gene encoding an acquired phosphoethanolamine transferase in Escherichia coli, and its origin

Kieffer, Nicolas ; Royer, b Guilhem ; Decousser, Jean-Winoc ; Bourrel, Anne-Sophie ; Palmieri, Mattia ; Ortiz De La Rosa, Jose-Manuel ; Jacquier, Hervé ; Denamur, Erick ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Poirel, Laurent

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2019, vol. 63, no. 9, p. -

The plasmid-located mcr-9 gene, encoding a putative phosphoethanolamine transferase, was identified in a colistin-resistant human fecal Escherichia coli strain belonging to a very rare phylogroup, the D-ST69-O15:H6 clone. This MCR-9 protein shares 33% to 65% identity with the other plasmid-encoded MCR-type enzymes identified (MCR-1 to -8) that have been found as sources of acquired resistance...

Université de Fribourg

Epidemiology of Carbapenemase-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in a Hospital, Portugal

Aires-de-Sousa, Marta ; Ortiz de la Rosa, José Manuel ; Gonçalves, Maria Luísa ; Pereira, Ana Luísa ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Poirel, Laurent

In: Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2019, vol. 25, no. 9, p. 1632–1638

We aimed to provide updated epidemiologic data on carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in Portugal by characterizing all isolates (N = 46) recovered during 2013– 2018 in a 123-bed hospital in Lisbon. We identified blaKPC-3 (n = 36), blaOXA-181 (n = 9), and blaGES-5 (n = 8) carbapenemase genes and observed co-occurrence of blaKPC-3 and blaGES-5 in 7 isolates. A single GES-5–producing...

Université de Fribourg

Functional characterization of a miniature inverted transposable element at the origin of mcr-5 gene acquisition in Escherichia coli

Kieffer, Nicolas ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Millemann, Yves ; Poirel, Laurent

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2019/63/7/e00559-19, /aac/63/7/AAC.00559-19.atom

Plasmid-mediated colistin resistance of the mobile colistin resistance (MCR) type is a growing concern in Enterobacteriaceae since it has been described worldwide in humans and animals. Here, we identified a series of MCR-producing Escherichia coli isolates corresponding to two different clones (represented by isolates PS1 and PS8b) producing MCR-1 and MCR-5, respectively, obtained from pig...

Université de Fribourg

Full genome sequence of pT3, a multiresistant plasmid carrying the mcr-3.5 colistin resistance gene, recovered from an extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli isolate from crickets sold as food

Zurfluh, Katrin ; Stevens, Marc J. A. ; Bucher, Melissa ; Poirel, Laurent ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Stephan, Roger

In: Microbiology Resource Announcements, 2019/8/29/e00647-19, /mra/8/29/MRA.00647-19.atom

Here, we sequenced multidrug resistance plasmid pT3, which encodes mcr-3.5 and other resistance genes. The cooccurrence of mcr genes and other resistance genes on a single plasmid is of concern.

Université de Fribourg

ESBLs and resistance to ceftazidime/avibactam and ceftolozane/tazobactam combinations in Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Ortiz de la Rosa, José-Manuel ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Poirel, Laurent

In: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 2019, vol. 74, no. 7, p. 1934–1939

To evaluate the efficacy of the recently launched β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor combinations ceftazidime/avibactam and ceftolozane/tazobactam against ESBL- producing Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains.Methods: A series of ESBL-encoding genes (blaTEM, blaSHV, blaCTX-M, blaVEB, blaPER, blaGES and blaBEL) was cloned and expressed in E. coli or P. aeruginosa recipient strains. ...