Università della Svizzera italiana

Persistent disparities in regional unemployment : application of a spatial filtering approach to local labour markets in Germany

Patuelli, Roberto ; Schanne, Norbert ; Griffith, Daniel A. ; Nijkamp, Peter

The geographical distribution and persistence of regional/local unemployment rates in heterogeneous economies (such as Germany) have been, in recent years, the subject of various theoretical and empirical studies. Several researchers have shown an interest in analysing the dynamic adjustment processes of unemployment and the average degree of dependence of the current unemployment rates or ...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Neural networks for cross-sectional employment forecasts : a comparison of model specifications for Germany

Patuelli, Roberto ; Reggiani, Aura ; Nijkamp, Peter ; Schanne, Norbert

In this paper, we present a review of various computational experiments – and consequent results – concerning Neural Network (NN) models developed for regional employment forecasting. NNs are widely used in several fields because of their flexible specification structure. Their utilization in studying/predicting economic variables, such as employment or migration, is justified by the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Spatial filtering and eigenvector stability : Space-time model for German unemployment data

Patuelli, Roberto ; Griffith, Daniel A. ; Tiefelsdorf, Michael ; Nijkamp, Peter

Regions, independent of their geographic level of aggregation, are known to be interrelated partly due to their relative locations. Similar economic performance among regions can be attributed to proximity. Consequently, a proper understanding, and accounting, of spatial liaisons is needed in order to effectively forecast regional economic variables. Several spatial econometric techniques are...

Università della Svizzera italiana

A spatial-dependence continuous-time model for regional unemployment in Germany

Oud, Johan H.L. ; Folmer, Henk ; Patuelli, Roberto ; Nijkamp, Peter

This paper analyzes patterns of regional labour market development in Germany over the period 2000-2003 by means of a spatial-dependence continuous-time model. (Spatial) panel data are routinely modelled in discrete time. However, there are compelling arguments for continuous time modelling of (spatial) panel data. Particularly, most social processes evolve in continuous time such that analysis...