Université de Fribourg

Traditional Amazonian Medicine Adapted To Treat Substance Use Disorder

Berlowitz, Ilana ; Martin Soelch, Chantal (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2017.

Pathological substance use is amongst the most persistent and costly ills of global modern society. In spite of advances made in therapeutic possibilities over the past decades, long-term treatment responses remain relatively discouraging, with relapse rates higher than for most other psychiatric disorders. The chronic disease course of substance use disorder (SUD) has led to debate whether...

Université de Fribourg

Influence de l'accompagnement psycho-spirituel sur la capacité de résilience face à l'abus sexuel chez de jeunes adultes : Etude de cas multiples menée auprès de jeunes adultes libanais croyants âgés de 20 à 30 ans survivants d'abus sexuel

Rahmé, Elias ; Martin Soelch, Chantal (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2020.

The trauma resulting from sexual abuse is a difficult experience that causes negative physical, psychological and spiritual impact on the victim. Research on this topic is more advanced in developed countries than in the Middle East. Lebanon lacks sufficient research about sexual abuse since it is still a taboo subject especially among young men. Thus, in this research, we have decided to...

Université de Fribourg

Reward-related behavioral and biological responses associated with eating : insights from anorexia nervosa and obesity research = Réponses bio-comportementales liées à la récompense: aperçus de la recherche en anorexie mentale et en obésité

Pereira Picolo Ribeiro, Mayron ; Martin Soelch, Chantal (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2020.

Research on clinical populations with eating disturbances has shown the involvement of reward processing in the maintenance of disease- associated symptoms. Investigation on food as a reward indicates the metabolic or feeding state (i.e. fasted or fed state) as a modulator of food as a reward, but little is known about how these states influence other types of reward. This is important...

Université de Fribourg

Reward processing under influence : Effects of stress and cognitive load on reward processing, and their clinical implications for the vulnerability to major depression

Gaillard, Claudie ; Martin Soelch, Chantal (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2019.

Humans have a propensity to pursue rewards and to avoid punishments. The motivation to seek rewards and the ability to experience and to learn from positive consequences are fundamental functions in the reward processing. They promote survival and well-being. However, these functions can be challenged or impaired by stressful events or contexts. To clarify the determinant factors that might...

Université de Fribourg

Psychological adjustment to lung transplantation

Seiler, Annina Julia ; Martin Soelch, Chantal (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2015.

Lung transplantation (LTx) is an effective treatment for end-stage lung failure. Despite great advances in transplant medicine over the last few decades, LTx does not result in complete recovery of health, as transplant recipients continue to be confronted by various health problems that must be psychologically processed and overcome. Many suffer from frequent emotional distress and psychological...