Université de Fribourg

Non-invasive Raman identification of crystalline and glassy phases in a 1781 Sèvres Royal Factory soft paste porcelain plate

Colomban, Philippe ; Maggetti, Marino ; Albis, Antoine d’

In: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 2018, vol. 38, no. 15, p. 5228–5233

A Raman study of a Sèvres soft paste (frit) porcelain plate allowed the identification of both the crystalline and amorphous phases. Cristobalite and pseudowollastonite gave main Raman signatures in the body where also tridymite, amorphous alkali silicate glass and lead arsenate apatite were detected. Na0.4K0.1Ca0.5Pb4(AsO4)3 lacunar apatite is identified as opacifier in blue and green...

Université de Fribourg

Archaeometric analyses of european 18th–20th century white earthenware—a review

Maggetti, Marino

In: Minerals, 2018, vol. 8, no. 7, p. 269

This study provides an overview of the few archaeometric analyses of European white earthenwares from England, France, Italy, Slovenia, and Switzerland. White earthenwares were an extremely successful mass-product between ca. 1750 and 1900. They became “the porcelain of the poor man” and replaced the older traditional pottery such as faïence. The invention of this new ceramic type took...

Université de Fribourg

Phase and compositional analysis of a Sèvres soft paste porcelain plate from 1781, with a review of early porcelain techniques

Maggetti, Marino ; D’Albis, Antoine

In: European Journal of Mineralogy, 2017, p. -

Optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence and scanning electron microscopy analyses were carried out on a typical Sèvres soft (frit) porcelain plate from 1781 in order to determine the chemical and mineralogical composition as well as the microstructure of its ceramic body, glaze, overglaze decoration and gilding. The body is rich in SiO₂ (73 mass%), CaO (16) and alkali...

Université de Fribourg

The origin of 18th–19th century tin-glazed pottery from Lorraine, France

Maggetti, Marino ; Rosen, J. ; Serneels, Vincent

In: Archaeometry, 2015, vol. 57, no. 3, p. 426–452

Forty-eight tin-glazed ceramic fragments (faiences) from Lorraine, found in excavations or pertaining to objects in collections, were subjected to X-ray fluorescence analysis to determine the bulk, major, minor and trace element compositions. Sixteen superficially clay layers from the surroundings of Lunéville and Saint-Clément were also analysed. The faiences are, with four exceptions, MgO...

Université de Fribourg

Composition and technology of 18th century high magnesia faïences from Fulda

Maggetti, Marino ; Serneels, Vincent ; Stasch, Georg

In: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 2015, vol. 2, p. 40–50

In 1996, archaeological excavations close to the ancient Fulda faïence manufacture site unearthed a rich deposit of faïence wastes (biscuits, faïences, technical ceramics). The manufacture was founded in 1741 by Prince Abbot Amand von Buseck and closed down in 1761. This first archaeometric study of a German faïence manufacture included 31 samples produced between 1742 and 1760. Analytical...

Université de Fribourg

Pottery kiln and drying oven from Aventicum (2nd century AD, Ct. Vaud, Switzerland): Raw materials and temperature distribution

Eramo, Giacomo ; Maggetti, Marino

In: Applied Clay Science, 2014, vol. 82, p. 16–23

Fireboxes of two pottery structures, excavated in 2002 at Aventicum (at present Avenches), the capital of Roman Switzerland, were studied to understand their function in the artisan quarter. Twenty-one oriented samples underwent petrographical, mineralogical and chemical analyses to determine the nature of the raw materials and the temperature distribution.Both structures are typologically...

Université de Fribourg

Paul-Louis Cyfflé's (1724-1806) search for porcelain

Maggetti, Marino

In: European Journal of Mineralogy, 2011, vol. 23, no. 6, p. 993-1006

Seven unglazed figurines from private collections, attributed to Cyfflé's Terre de Lorraine manufacture in Lunéville (1766-1780), were subjected to porosity and scanning electron microscopic analyses to determine bulk element compositions and the composition and nature of their constituent phases. One figurine bears the mark CYFFLÉ À. LUNÉVILLE, three the mark TERRE DE LORRAINE. The...

Université de Fribourg

White earthenware from Lorraine (1755 –c. 1820): provenance and technique

Maggetti, Marino ; Rosen, J. ; Serneels, Vincent

In: Archaeometry, 2011, vol. 53, no. 4, p. 765–790

Fragments of 25 examples of ‘white earthenware’ from Lorraine were subjected to porosity analysis, X-ray fluorescence analysis, X-ray diffraction analysis and backscattered-electron image analysis—coupled with energy-dispersive spectrometry to determine the porosity, bulk, major, minor and trace element compositions, and the composition and the proportion of their constituent...