Università della Svizzera italiana

Oxidation state dependent conformational changes of HMGB1 regulate the formation of the CXCL12/HMGB1 heterocomplex

Fassi, Enrico M.A. ; Sgrignani, Jacopo ; D'Agostino, Gianluca ; Cecchinato, Valentina ; Garofalo, Maura ; Grazioso, Giovanni ; Uguccioni, Mariagrazia ; Cavalli, Andrea

In: Computational and structural biotechnology journal, 2019, vol. 17, p. 886-894

High-mobility Group Box 1 (HMGB1) is an abundant protein present in all mammalian cells and involved in several processes. During inflammation or tissue damage, HMGB1 is released in the extracellular space and, depending on its redox state, can form a heterocomplex with CXCL12. The heterocomplex acts exclusively via the chemokine receptor CXCR4 enhancing leukocyte recruitment. Here, we used...