Université de Fribourg

Species delimitation in the East Asian species of the relict tree genus Zelkova (Ulmaceae): A complex history of diversification and admixture among species

Naciri, Yamama ; Christe, Camille ; Bétrisey, Sébastien ; Song, Yi-Gang ; Deng, Min ; Garfì, Giuseppe ; Kozlowski, Gregor

In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 2019, vol. 134, p. 172–185

Zelkova species, trees of the elm family (Ulmaceae), are part of the Cenozoic relict flora. In western Eurasia, the genus comprises three species that are restricted to disjunct areas (Z. sicula on Sicily, Z. abelicea on Crete and Z. carpinifolia in Transcaucasia). The situation is different in East Asia, where three species (Z. serrata, Z. schneideriana and Z. sinica) have at least partly...

Université de Fribourg

Overcoming sexual sterility in conservation of endangered species: the prominent role of biotechnology in the multiplication of Zelkova sicula (Ulmaceae), a relict tree at the brink of extinction

Carra, Angela ; Catalano, Caterina ; Badalamenti, Ornella ; Carimi, Francesco ; Pasta, Salvatore ; Motisi, Antonio ; Abbate, Loredana ; La Bella, Francesca ; Fazan, Laurence ; Kozlowski, Gregor ; Garfì, Giuseppe

In: Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC), 2019, vol. 137, no. 1, p. 139–148

Biotechnology provides valuable tools to support conservation of plant species, especially in case of threatened taxa or when dealing with seed unavailability, low viability or sterility. However, plant cell culture methods have often to face problems associated with tissue recalcitrance to in vitro systems. Recalcitrance can be related to a variety of triggering factors, involving many...

Université de Fribourg

Footprints of past intensive diversification and structuring in the genus Zelkova (Ulmaceae) in south-western Eurasia

Christe, Camille ; Kozlowski, Gregor ; Frey, David ; Bétrisey, Sébastien ; Maharramova, Elmira ; Garfì, Giuseppe ; Pirintsos, Stergios ; Naciri, Yamama

In: Journal of Biogeography, 2014, p. -

Aim: To elucidate the phylogeographical patterns in three Cenozoic relict species: Zelkova sicula, Z. abelicea and Z. carpinifolia (Ulmaceae).Location: Sicily, Crete and Transcaucasia.Methods: Two chloroplast loci (trnH–psbA and trnL) and the nuclear ribosomal markers ITS1 and ITS2 were sequenced for 154 samples collected from 14 populations of Z. abelicea, 16 populations of Z. carpinifolia,...

Université de Fribourg

The Tertiary relict tree Zelkova abelicea (Ulmaceae): distribution, population structure and conservation status on Crete

Kozlowski, Gregor ; Frey, David ; Fazan, Laurence ; Egli, Bernhard ; Bétrisey, Sébastien ; Gratzfeld, Joachim ; Garfì, Giuseppe ; Pirintsos, Stergios

In: Oryx, 2013, p. -

Relict species provide a unique opportunity to understand past and recent biogeographical and evolutionary processes. Zelkova abelicea (Ulmaceae), which is endemic to the island of Crete (Greece), is one of the most prominent Tertiary relict trees of the Mediterranean region. We collected distribution, threat and population structure data by reviewing literature and herbaria and through field...