Université de Neuchâtel

Les langues dans la recherche scientifique et son évaluation: quelques regards

Steffen, Gabriela ; Gajo, Laurent ; Darbellay, Frédéric

In: Bulletin VALS-ASLA, 2019, vol. 109, p. 93-110

Language and discourse practices play a role in scientific research and its evaluation, since they shape knowledge construction. Therefore, it matters in which language research is carried out and knowledge constructed. More precisely, engaging in plurilingual research practices instead of monolingual ones has an impact on the research process and the results obtained. That is because science has...

Université de Neuchâtel

Saisir le niveau méso-interactionnel dans l'interaction didactique: autour des notions de saturation et de mésoalternance

Gajo, Laurent ; Grobet, Anne ; Steffen, Gabriela

In: Bulletin VALS-ASLA, 2015, vol. 101, p. 27-49

While instructional interaction is shaped by situated and dynamic conversational mechanisms, it also realises institutional "projects" designed beforehand (i.e. in the curriculum). In order to interpret participants' orientation towards these projects, as it is displayed in interaction, drawing on a meso-interactional level is often needed. We analyse two phenomena relating to this level in early...

Université de Neuchâtel

Disponibilité sociale des représentations: approche linguistique

Gajo, Laurent

In: Revue Tranel (Travaux neuchâtelois de linguistique), 2000, vol. 32, p. 39-53

This article aims to analyze through linguistic tools the social dimension of representations. The dynamics of social representations are viewed as the result of two processes: preconstruction and co-construction. More precisely, the notions of «social availability» and «reference-0» are developed and applied in a conversational analysis perspective. This study allows for a constrastive...

Université de Neuchâtel

Pratiques langagières, pratiques plurilingues: quelles spécificités? quels outils d’analyse? Regards sur l’opacité du discours

Gajo, Laurent

In: Revue Tranel (Travaux neuchâtelois de linguistique), 2003, vol. 38-39, p. 49-62

This article aims at a better understanding of the characteristics usually linked to plurilingual discourse. Through the analysis of plurilingual and monolingual sequences within school and hospital interactions, the issue is to demonstrate that these characteristics certainly are more obvious and «accountable» in plurilingual interactions, but are not specific to them. A particular attention...

Université de Neuchâtel

Les références diatopiques dans l'argumentation autour du bilinguisme: L’emblème biennois

Borel, Stéphane ; Gajo, Laurent

In: Revue Tranel (Travaux neuchâtelois de linguistique), 2006, vol. 43, p. 49-69

Anybody asked to name a bilingual city in Switzerland is likely to mention Biel/Bienne first. This bilingual town frequently acts as point of reference in conversation. In this article, we aim at a better understanding of the argumentative role of Biel/Bienne in conversation, to be derived from an analysis of several recordings made with people living in the town. For comparison, conversational...