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Università della Svizzera italiana

The MRE11 complex : a versatile toolkit for the repair of broken DNA

Reginato, Giordano ; Cejka, Petr

In: DNA repair, 2020, vol. 91–92, no. July–August, p. 13 p

When DNA breaks, the ends need to be stabilized and processed to facilitate subsequent repair, which can occur by either direct but error-prone end-joining with another broken DNA molecule or a more accurate homology-directed repair by the recombination machinery. At the same time, the presence of broken DNA triggers a signaling cascade that regulates the repair events and cellular progression...

Università della Svizzera italiana

SAMHD1 promotes DNA end resection to facilitate DNA repair by homologous recombination

Daddacha, Waaqo ; Koyen, Allyson E. ; Bastien, Amanda J. ; Head,Pamela Sara E. ; Dhere, Vishal R. ; Nabeta, Geraldine N. ; Connolly, Erin C. ; Werner, Erica ; Madden, Matthew Z. ; Daly, Michele B. ; Minten, Elizabeth V. ; Whelan, Donna R. ; Schlafstein, Ashley J. ; Zhang, Hui ; Anand, Roopesh ; Doronio, Christine ; Withers, Allison E. ; Shepard, Caitlin ; Sundaram, Ranjini K. ; Deng, Xingming ; Dynan, William S. ; Wang, Ya ; Bindra, Ranjit S. ; Cejka, Petr ; Rothenberg, Eli ; Doetsch, Paul W. ; Kim, Baek ; Yu, David S.

In: Cell reports, 2017, vol. 20, no. 8, p. 1921-1935

DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair by homologous recombination (HR) is initiated by CtIP/MRN-mediated DNA end resection to maintain genome integrity. SAMHD1 is a dNTP triphosphohydrolase, which restricts HIV- 1 infection, and mutations are associated with Aicardi-Goutières syndrome and cancer. We show that SAMHD1 has a dNTPase-independent function in promoting DNA end resection to facilitate...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Sumoylation regulates the stability and nuclease activity of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Dna2

Ranjha, Lepakshi ; Levikova, Maryna ; Altmannova, Veronika ; Krejci, Lumir ; Cejka, Petr

In: Communications Biology, 2019, vol. 2, p. 174

Dna2 is an essential nuclease-helicase that acts in several distinct DNA metabolic pathways including DNA replication and recombination. To balance these functions and prevent unscheduled DNA degradation, Dna2 activities must be regulated. Here we show that Saccharomyces cerevisiae Dna2 function is controlled by sumoylation. We map the sumoylation sites to the N-terminal regulatory domain of...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The Mre11-Nbs1 interface is essential for viability and tumor suppression

Kim, Jun Hyun ; Grosbart, Malgorzata ; Anand, Roopesh ; Wyman, Claire ; Cejka, Petr ; Petrini, John H.J.

In: Cell reports, 2017, vol. 18, no. 2, p. 496-507

The Mre11 complex (Mre11, Rad50, and Nbs1) is integral to both DNA repair and ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM)-dependent DNA damage signaling. All three Mre11 complex components are essential for viability at the cellular and organismal levels. To delineate essential and non-essential Mre11 complex functions that are mediated by Nbs1, we used TALEN-based genome editing to derive Nbs1...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Restoration of replication fork stability in BRCA1- and BRCA2-deficient cells by inactivation of SNF2-family fork remodelers

Taglialatela, Angelo ; Alvarez, Silvia ; Leuzzi, Giuseppe ; Sannino, Vincenzo ; Ranjha, Lepakshi ; Huang, Jen-Wei ; Madubata, Chioma ; Anand, Roopesh ; Levy, Brynn ; Rabadan, Raul ; Cejka, Petr ; Costanzo, Vincenzo ; Ciccia, Alberto

In: Molecular Cell, 2017, vol. 68, no. 2, p. 414-430.e8

To ensure the completion of DNA replication and maintenance of genome integrity, DNA repair factors protect stalled replication forks upon replication stress. Previous studies have identified a critical role for the tumor suppressors BRCA1 and BRCA2 in preventing the degradation of nascent DNA by the MRE11 nuclease after replication stress. Here we show that depletion of SMARCAL1, a...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Main steps in DNA double-strand break repair : An introduction to homologous recombination and related processes

Ranjha, Lepakshi ; Howard, Sean Michael ; Cejka, Petr

In: Chromosoma, 2018, vol. 127, no. 2 (June), p. 187–214

DNA double-strand breaks arise accidentally upon exposure of DNA to radiation, chemicals or result from faulty DNA metabolic processes. DNA breaks can also be introduced in a programmed manner, such as during the maturation of the immune system, meiosis or cancer chemo- or radiotherapy. Cells have developed a variety of repair pathways, which are fine-tuned to the specific needs of a cell....

Università della Svizzera italiana

Regulatory control of DNA end resection by Sae2 phosphorylation

Cannavo, Elda ; Johnson, Dominic ; Andres, Sara N. ; Kissling, Vera M. ; Reinert, Julia K. ; Garcia, Valerie ; Erie, Dorothy A. ; Hess, Daniel ; Thomä, Nicolas H. ; Enchev, Radoslav I. ; Peter, Matthias ; Williams, R. Scott ; Neale, Matt J. ; Cejka, Petr

In: Nature communications, 2018, vol. 9, p. 4016

DNA end resection plays a critical function in DNA double-strand break repair pathway choice. Resected DNA ends are refractory to end-joining mechanisms and are instead channeled to homology-directed repair. Using biochemical, genetic, and imaging methods, we show that phosphorylation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sae2 controls its capacity to promote the Mre11-Rad50-Xrs2 (MRX) nuclease to...

Università della Svizzera italiana

NBS1 promotes the endonuclease of the MRE11-RAD50 complex by sensing CtIP phosphorylation

Anand, Roopesh ; Jasrotia, Arti ; Bundschuh, Diana ; Howard, Sean Michael ; Ranjha, Lepakshi ; Stucki, Manuel ; Cejka, Petr

In: The EMBO Journal, 2019, vol. 38, no. 7, p. e101005

DNA end resection initiates DNA break repair by homologous recombination. MRE11-RAD50-NBS1 and phosphorylated CtIP perform the first resection step by MRE11-catalyzed endonucleolytic DNA cleavage. Human NBS1, more than its Xrs2 homologue from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is crucial for this process, highlighting complex mechanisms that regulate the MRE11 nuclease in high eukaryotes. Using a...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Stepwise 5' DNA end-specific resection of DNA breaks by the Mre11-Rad50-Xrs2 and Sae2 nuclease ensemble

Cannavo, Elda ; Reginato, Giordano ; Cejka, Petr

In: Proceedings of the national academy of sciences of the United States of America, 2019, vol. 116, no. 12 (March 19), p. 5505-5513

To repair DNA double-strand breaks by homologous recombination, the 5′-terminated DNA strands must first be resected to produce 3′ overhangs. Mre11 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a 3′ → 5′ exonuclease that is responsible for 5′ end degradation in vivo. Using plasmid-length DNA substrates and purified recombinant proteins, we show that the combined exonuclease and endonuclease...

Università della Svizzera italiana

A meiotic XPF-ERCC1-like complex recognizes joint molecule recombination intermediates to promote crossover formation

De Muyt, Arnaud ; Pyatnitskaya, Alexandra ; Andréani, Jessica ; Ranjha, Lepakshi ; Laureau, Raphaëlle ; Fernandez-Vega, Ambra ; Holoch, Daniel ; Girard, Elodie ; Govin, Jérome ; Margueron, Raphaël ; Couté, Yohann ; Cejka, Petr ; Guérois, Raphaël ; Borde, Valérie

In: Genes and development, 2018, vol. 32, no. 3-4, p. 283-296

Meiotic crossover formation requires the stabilization of early recombination intermediates by a set of proteins and occurs within the environment of the chromosome axis, a structure important for the regulation of meiotic recombination events. The molecular mechanisms underlying and connecting crossover recombination and axis localization are elusive. Here, we identified the ZZS...