Università della Svizzera italiana

Structure and function analysis of an antibody recognizing all influenza A subtypes

Kallewaard, Nicole L. ; Corti, Davide ; Collins, Patrick J. ; Neu, Ursula ; McAuliffe, Josephine M. ; Benjamin, Ebony ; Wachter-Rosati, Leslie ; Palmer-Hill, Frances J. ; Yuan, Andy Q. ; Walker, Philip A. ; Vorlaender, Matthias K. ; Bianchi, Siro ; Guarino, Barbara ; De Marco, Anna ; Vanzetta, Fabrizia ; Agatic, Gloria ; Foglierini, Mathilde ; Pinna, Debora ; Fernandez-Rodriguez, Blanca ; Fruehwirth, Alexander ; Silacci, Chiara ; Ogrodowicz, Roksana W. ; Martin, Stephen R. ; Sallusto, Federica ; Suzich, JoAnn A. ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Zhu, Qing ; Gamblin, Steven J. ; Skehel, John J.

In: Cell, 2016, vol. 166, no. 3, p. 596-608

Influenza virus remains a threat because of its ability to evade vaccine-induced immune responses due to antigenic drift. Here, we describe the isolation, evolution, and structure of a broad-spectrum human monoclonal antibody (mAb), MEDI8852, effectively reacting with all influenza A hemagglutinin (HA) subtypes. MEDI8852 uses the heavy-chain VH6-1 gene and has higher potency and breadth when...

Università della Svizzera italiana

A LAIR-1 insertion creates broadly reactive antibodies against malaria variant antigens

Tan, Joshua ; Pieper, Kathrin ; Piccoli, Luca ; Abdi, Abdirahman ; Tully, Claire Maria ; Foglierini Perez, Mathilde ; Geiger, Roger ; Jarrossay, David ; Maina Ndungu, Francis ; Wambua, Juliana ; Bejon, Philip ; Silacci Fregni, Chiara : Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB), Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland ; Fernandez-Rodriguez, Blanca ; Barbieri, Sonia ; Bianchi, Siro ; Marsh, Kevin ; Thathy, Vandana ; Corti, Davide ; Sallusto, Federica ; Bull, Peter ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio

In: Nature, 2016, vol. 529, p. 25 p

Plasmodium falciparum antigens expressed on the surface of infected erythrocytes are important targets of naturally acquired immunity against malaria, but their high number and variability provide the pathogen with a powerful means of escape from host antibodies1,2,3,4. Although broadly reactive antibodies against these antigens could be useful as therapeutics and in vaccine design, their...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Immune stealth-driven O2 serotype prevalence and potential for therapeutic antibodies against multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae

Pennini, Meghan E. ; De Marco, Anna ; Pelletier, Mark ; Bonnell, Jessica ; Cvitkovic, Romana ; Beltramello, Martina ; Cameroni, Elisabetta ; Bianchi, Siro ; Zatta, Fabrizia ; Zhao, Wei ; Xiao, Xiaodong ; Camara, Maria M. ; DiGiandomenico, Antonio ; Semenova, Elena ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Warrener, Paul ; Suzich, JoAnn ; Wang, Qun ; Corti, Davide ; Stover, C. Kendall

In: Nature communications, 2017, vol. 8, p. 1991

Emerging multidrug-resistant bacteria are a challenge for modern medicine, but how these pathogens are so successful is not fully understood. Robust antibacterial vaccines have prevented and reduced resistance suggesting a pivotal role for immunity in deterring antibiotic resistance. Here, we show the increased prevalence of Klebsiella pneumoniae lipopolysaccharide O2 serotype strains in all...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Chronic delivery of antibody fragments using immunoisolated cell implants as a passive vaccination tool

Belaunzaran, Osiris Marroquin ; Cordero, Maria Isabel ; Setola, Veronica ; Bianchi, Siro ; Galli, Carmela ; Bouche, Nicolas ; Mlynarik, Vladimir ; Gruetter, Rolf ; Sandi, Carmen ; Bensadoun, Jean-Charles ; Molinari, Maurizio ; Aebischer, Patrick

In: Plos one, 2011, vol. 6, no. 4, p. e18268

Background: Monoclonal antibodies and antibody fragments are powerful biotherapeutics for various debilitating diseases. However, high production costs, functional limitations such as inadequate pharmacokinetics and tissue accessibility are the current principal disadvantages for broadening their use in clinic. Methodology and Principal Findings: We report a novel method for the long-term ...

Università della Svizzera italiana

An anti-HIV-1 V3 loop antibody fully protects cross-clade and elicits T-cell immunity in macaques mucosally challenged with an R5 clade C SHIV

Watkins, Jennifer D. ; Siddappa, Nagadenahalli B. ; Lakhashe, Samir K. ; Humbert, Michael ; Sholukh, Anton ; Hemashettar, Girish ; Wong, Yin Ling ; Yoon, John K. ; Wang, Wendy ; Novembre, Francis J. ; Villinger, Francois ; Ibegbu, Chris ; Patel, Kalpana ; Corti, Davide ; Agatic, Gloria ; Vanzetta, Fabrizio ; Bianchi, Siro ; Heeney, Jonathan L. ; Sallusto, Federica ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Ruprecht, Ruth M.

In: Plos one, 2011, vol. 6, no. 3, p. e18207

Neutralizing antibodies have been shown to protect macaques against SHIV challenge. However, genetically diverse HIV-1 clades have evolved, and a key question left unanswered is whether neutralizing antibodies can confer cross-clade protection in vivo. The novel human monoclonal antibody HGN194 was isolated from an individual infected with an HIV-1 clade AG recombinant circulating recombinant...