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Université de Neuchâtel

Fungi, bacteria and soil pH : the oxalate–carbonate pathway as a model for metabolic interaction

Martin, Gaëtan ; Guggiari, Matteo ; Bravo, Daniel ; Zopfi, Jakob ; Cailleau, Guillaume ; Aragno, Michel ; Job, Daniel ; Verrecchia, Eric ; Junier, Pilar

In: Environmental Microbiology, 2012, vol. 14, no. 11, p. 2960-2970

The oxalate–carbonate pathway involves the oxidation of calcium oxalate to low-magnesium calcite and represents a potential long-term terrestrial sink for atmospheric CO2. In this pathway, bacterial oxalate degradation is associated with a strong local alkalinization and subsequent carbonate precipitation. In order to test whether this process occurs in soil, the role of bacteria,...

Université de Neuchâtel

Experimental calcium-oxalate crystal production and dissolution by selected wood-rot fungi

Guggiari, Matteo ; Bloque, Raphael ; Aragno, Michel ; Verrecchia, Eric ; Job, Daniel ; Junier, Pilar

In: International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 2011, vol. 65, no. 6, p. 803-809

Twenty-six species of white-rotting Agaricomycotina fungi (Basidiomycota) were screened for their ability to produce calcium-oxalate (CaOx) crystals in vitro. Most were able to produce CaOx crystals in malt agar medium in the absence of additional calcium. In the same medium enriched with Ca2+, all the species produced CaOx crystals (weddellite or whewellite). Hyphae of...

Université de Neuchâtel

Bacteriophages as surface and ground water tracers

Rossi, Pierre ; Dörfliger, Nathalie ; Kennedy, Keith ; Müller, Imre ; Aragno, Michel

In: Hydrology & Earth system sciences, 1998, vol. 2, no. 1, p. 101-110

Bacteriophages are increasingly used as tracers for quantitative analysis in both hydrology and hydrogeology. The biological particles are neither toxic nor pathogenic for other living organisms as they penetrate only a specific bacterial host. They have many advantages over classical fluorescent tracers and offer the additional possibility of multi-point injection for tracer tests. Several years...

Université de Neuchâtel

White lupin has developed a complex strategy to limit microbial degradation of secreted citrate required for phosphate acquisition

Weisskopf, Laure ; Abou-Mansour, Eliane ; Fromin, Nathalie ; Tomasi, Nicola ; Santelia, Diana ; Edelkott, Iris ; Neumann, Günter ; Aragno, Michel ; Tabacchi, Raphael ; Martinoia, Enrico

In: Plant, Cell & Environment, 2006, vol. 29, no. 5, p. 917-927

White lupins (Lupinus albus L.) respond to phosphate deficiency by producing special root structures called cluster roots. These cluster roots secrete large amounts of carboxylates into the rhizosphere, mostly citrate and malate, which act as phosphate solubilizers and enable the plant to grow in soils with sparingly available phosphate. The success and efficiency of such a P-acquisition...

Université de Neuchâtel

Use of the frc gene as a molecular marker to characterize oxalate-oxidizing bacterial abundance and diversity structure in soil

Khammar, Nadia ; Martin, Gaëtan ; Ferro, Katia ; Job, Daniel ; Aragno, Michel ; Verrecchia, Eric

In: Journal of Microbiological Methods, 2009, vol. 76, no. 2, p. 120-127

Oxalate catabolism, which can have both medical and environmental implications, is performed by phylogenetically diverse bacteria. The formyl-CoA-transferase gene was chosen as a molecular marker of the oxalotrophic function. Degenerated primers were deduced from an alignment of frc gene sequences available in databases. The specificity of primers was tested on a variety of...