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Université de Neuchâtel

Distinct element method simulation of an analogue for a highly interlocked, non-persistently jointed rockmass

Bahrani, N ; Kaiser, P.K ; Valley, Benoît

In: International Journal of Rock Mechanics & Mining Sciences, 2014, vol. 71, p. 117-130

A grain-based distinct element model is used to reproduce the laboratory response of both intact and granulated Wombeyan marble. The term “granulated” refers to a heat treated marble where the cohesion of grain boundaries has been destroyed. The unconfined compressive strength granulated marble is less than 50% of that of intact marble, while the strength of the granulated marble increases to...

Université de Neuchâtel

Advances in characterizing surface water-groundwater interactions : combining unconventional data with complex, fully-integrated models

Schilling, Oliver S. ; Brunner, Philip (Dir.) ; Hunkeler, Daniel (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2017.

The characterization and simulation of the interactions between surface water and groundwater require observations of hydrological state variables and flow processes. While the latest generation of physically-based flow models allows the integrated simulation of all relevant hydrological processes, the current modelling practice is not adequate to provide reliable predictions. Numerous studies...

Université de Neuchâtel

Isotope fractionation due to diffusion and sorption of chlorinated hydrocarbons and its implications for identifying reactive processes in aquifer - aquitard systems

Wanner, Philipp ; Hunkeler, Daniel (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2016.

Chlorinated hydrocarbons are anthropogenic contaminants, which are known to be possibly carcinogenic to humans. Although the peak production of chlorinated hydrocarbons in the 1970ties was followed by a dramatic decrease in the subsequent decades, chlorinated hydrocarbons are still frequently detected in aquifer systems demonstrating their long-term persistence. When chlorinated hydrocarbons are...

Université de Fribourg

Cyclostratigraphy of shallow-marine carbonates – limitations and opportunities

Strasser, André

In: Stratigraphy & Timescales, 2018, vol. 3, p. 151–187

The sedimentary record of ancient shallow-marine carbonate platforms commonly displays a stacking of different facies, which reflects repetitive changes of depositional environments through time. These changes can be induced by external factors such as cyclical changes in climate and/or sea level, but also by internal factors such as lateral migration of sediment bodies and/or changes in the...

Université de Fribourg

La Formation du Grand Essert (Jura franco-suisse; Valanginien supérieur p.p. à Hauterivien supérieur basal) = The Grand Essert Formation (French-Swiss Jura Mountains; late Valanginian p.p. to earliest late Hauterivian)

Strasser, André ; Clavel, Bernard ; Monteil, Eric ; Charollais, Jean ; Piuz, André ; Mastransgelo, Bruno

In: Archives des Sciences, 2018, vol. 70, p. 205-282

Le terme de Formation du Grand Essert a été proposé en 2016 pour remplacer ceux de « Marnes d’Hauterive » auct. et « Pierre jaune de Neuchâtel » auct. attribués à l’« Hauterivien » auct. dans le Jura franco-suisse. L’objet de cette note est, dans un premier temps, de décrire et d’interpréter la lithologie de la coupe-type représentative de cette nouvelle formation,...

Université de Fribourg

Physically based hydrogeological and slope stability modeling of the Turaida castle mound

Kukemilks, Karlis ; Wagner, Jean-Frank ; Saks, Tomas ; Brunner, Philip

In: Landslides, 2018, vol. 15, no. 11, p. 2267–2278

This study explores the potential of integrating state-of-the-art physically based hydrogeological modeling into slope stability simulations to identify the hydrogeological triggers of landslides. Hydrogeological models considering detailed morphological, lithological, and climatic factors were elaborated. Groundwater modeling reveals locations with elevated pore water pressures in the...

Université de Fribourg

A large impact crater beneath Hiawatha Glacier in northwest Greenland

Kjær, Kurt H. ; Larsen, Nicolaj K. ; Binder, Tobias ; Bjørk, Anders A. ; Eisen, Olaf ; Fahnestock, Mark A. ; Funder, Svend ; Garde, Adam A. ; Haack, Henning ; Helm, Veit ; Houmark-Nielsen, Michael ; Kjeldsen, Kristian K. ; Khan, Shfaqat A. ; Machguth, Horst ; McDonald, Iain ; Morlighem, Mathieu ; Mouginot, Jérémie ; Paden, John D. ; Waight, Tod E. ; Weikusat, Christian ; Willerslev, Eske ; MacGregor, Joseph A.

In: Science Advances, 2018, vol. 4, no. 11, p. eaar8173

We report the discovery of a large impact crater beneath Hiawatha Glacier in northwest Greenland. From airborne radar surveys, we identify a 31-kilometer-wide, circular bedrock depression beneath up to a kilometer of ice. This depression has an elevated rim that cross-cuts tributary subglacial channels and a subdued central uplift that appears to be actively eroding. From ground...

Université de Fribourg

Downslope-shifting pockmarks: interplay between hydrocarbon leakage, sedimentations, currents and slope’s topography

Ho, Sutieng ; Imbert, Patrice ; Hovland, Martin ; Wetzel, Andreas ; Blouet, Jean-Philippe ; Carruthers, Daniel

In: International Journal of Earth Sciences, 2018, vol. 107, no. 8, p. 2907–2929

Pockmarks in Pliocene-Quaternary continental slope deposits offshore Angola show features related to: (1) fluid leakage craters that formed repeatedly, (2) authigenic methane-derived carbonates that indicate the (former) presence of hydrocarbons and (3) erosional–depositional structures that are clearly related to current activity. Depending on topography, the pockmarks show differing...

Université de Fribourg

The Malpaisillo Formation: A sequence of explosive eruptions in the mid to late Pleistocene (Nicaragua, Central America)

Stoppa, Line ; Kutterolf, Steffen ; Rausch, Juanita ; Grobety, Bernard ; Pettke, Thomas ; Wang, Kuo-Lung ; Hemming, Sidney

In: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2018, vol. 359, p. 47–67

The subduction-related volcanic front in Nicaragua consists of the Tertiary “Coyol” member in the eastern highlands and the Quaternary to recent volcanic arc within the Nicaraguan depression. Although the Holocene to recent explosive volcanism has been studied extensively no detailed work has been done on the products of explosive volcanism from Quaternary volcanic complexes comprising...

Université de Fribourg

Distribution of benthic foraminiferal assemblages in the transitional environment of the Djerba lagoon (Tunisia)

Kateb, Akram El ; Stalder, Claudio ; Neururer, Christoph ; Fentimen, Robin ; Spangenberg, Jorge E. ; Spezzaferri, Silvia

In: Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 2018, vol. 111, no. 3, p. 589–606

The eastern edge of the Djerba Island represents an important tourist pole. However, studies describing the environmental processes affecting this Island are scarce. Although never studied before, the peculiar Djerba lagoon is well known by the local population and by tourists. In July 2014, surface sediment and seawater samples were collected in this lagoon to measure grain size, organic...