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Université de Fribourg

How circular dichroism in time- and angle-resolved photoemission can be used to spectroscopically detect transient topological states in graphene

Schüler, Michael ; Giovannini, Umberto De ; Hübener, Hannes ; Rubio, Angel ; Sentef, Michael A. ; Devereaux, Thomas P. ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review X, 2020, vol. 10, no. 4, p. 041013

Pumping graphene with circularly polarized light is the archetype of light-tailoring topological bands. Realizing the induced Floquet-Chern-insulator state and demonstrating clear experimental evidence for its topological nature has been a challenge, and it has become clear that scattering effects play a crucial role. We tackle this gap between theory and experiment by employing microscopic...

Université de Fribourg

Transition from light diffusion to localization in three-dimensional amorphous dielectric networks near the band edge

Haberko, Jakub ; Froufe-Pérez, Luis S. ; Scheffold, Frank

In: Nature Communications, 2020, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 4867

AbstractLocalization of light is the photon analog of electron localization in disordered lattices, for whose discovery Anderson received the Nobel prize in 1977. The question about its existence in open three-dimensional materials has eluded an experimental and full theoretical verification for decades. Here we study numerically electromagnetic vector wave transmittance through realistic...

Université de Fribourg

Correlations in multithermostat Brownian systems with Lorentz force

Abdoli, Iman ; Kalz, Erik ; Vuijk, Hidde D. ; Wittmann, René ; Sommer, Jens-Uwe ; Brader, Joseph M. ; Sharma, Abhinav

In: New Journal of Physics, 2020, vol. 22, no. 9, p. 093057

We study the motion of a Brownian particle subjected to Lorentz force due to an external magnetic field. Each spatial degree of freedom of the particle is coupled to a different thermostat. We show that the magnetic field results in correlation between different velocity components in the stationary state. Integrating the velocity autocorrelation matrix, we obtain the diffusion matrix that...

Université de Fribourg

Structural phase transition and bandgap control through mechanical deformation in layered semiconductors 1T–ZrX2 (X = S, Se)

Martino, Edoardo ; Santos-Cottin, David ; Le Mardelé, Florian ; Semeniuk, Konstantin ; Pizzochero, Michele ; Čerņevičs, Kristia̅ns ; Baptiste, Benoît ; Delbes, Ludovic ; Klotz, Stefan ; Capitani, Francesco ; Berger, Helmuth ; Yazyev, Oleg V. ; Akrap, Ana

In: ACS Materials Letters, 2020, vol. 2, no. 9, p. 1115–1120

Applying elastic deformation can tune a material’s physical properties locally and reversibly. Spatially modulated lattice deformation can create a bandgap gradient, favoring photogenerated charge separation and collection in optoelectronic devices. These advantages are hindered by the maximum elastic strain that a material can withstand before breaking. Nanomaterials derived by exfoliating...

Université de Fribourg

Identifying prize-winning scientists by a competition-aware ranking

Zhou, Yuhao ; Wang, Ruijie ; Zeng, An ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

In: Journal of Informetrics, 2020, vol. 14, no. 3, p. 101038

Evaluating scholars’ achievements is an important problem in the science of science with applications in the evaluation of grant proposals and promotion applications. Since the number of scholars and the number of scholarly outputs grow exponentially with time, well-designed ranking metrics that have the potential to assist in these tasks are of prime importance. To rank scholars, it is...

Université de Fribourg

Pathways and challenges towards a complete characterization of microgels

Scheffold, Frank

In: Nature Communications, 2020, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 4315

Due to their controlled size, sensitivity to external stimuli, and ease-of-use, microgel colloids are unique building blocks for soft materials made by crosslinking polymers on the micrometer scale. Despite the plethora of work published, many questions about their internal structure, interactions, and phase behavior are still open. The reasons for this lack of understanding are the...

Université de Fribourg

Ultrafast coupled charge and spin dynamics in strongly correlated NiO

Gillmeister, Konrad ; Golež, Denis ; Chiang, Cheng-Tien ; Bittner, Nikolaj ; Pavlyukh, Yaroslav ; Berakdar, Jamal ; Werner, Philipp ; Widdra, Wolf

In: Nature Communications, 2020, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 4095

Charge excitations across an electronic band gap play an important role in opto- electronics and light harvesting. In contrast to conventional semiconductors, studies of above-band-gap photoexcitations in strongly correlated materials are still in their infancy. Here we reveal the ultrafast dynamics controlled by Hund’s physics in strongly correlated photoexcited NiO. By combining...

Université de Fribourg

High-harmonic generation in spin-orbit coupled systems

Lysne, Markus ; Murakami, Yuta ; Schüler, Michael ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 102, no. 8, p. 081121

We study high-harmonic generation in two-dimensional electron systems with Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling and derive harmonic generation selection rules with the help of group theory. Based on the band structures of these minimal models and explicit simulations we reveal how the spin-orbit parameters control the cutoff energy in the high-harmonic spectrum. We also show that the...

Université de Fribourg

Experimental tuning of transport regimes in hyperuniform disordered photonic materials

Aubry, Geoffroy J. ; Froufe-Pérez, Luis S. ; Kuhl, Ulrich ; Legrand, Olivier ; Scheffold, Frank ; Mortessagne, Fabrice

In: Physical Review Letters, 2020, vol. 125, no. 12, p. 127402

We present wave transport experiments in hyperuniform disordered arrays of cylinders with high dielectric permittivity. Using microwaves, we show that the same material can display transparency, photon diffusion, Anderson localization, or a full band gap, depending on the frequency ν of the electromagnetic wave. Interestingly, we find a second weaker band gap, which appears to be related to...

Université de Fribourg

Superconducting and antiferromagnetic properties of dual-phase V3Ga

Jamer, Michelle E. ; Wilfong, Brandon ; Buchelnikov, Vasiliy D. ; Sokolovskiy, Vladimir V. ; Miroshkina, Olga N. ; Zagrebin, Mikhail A. ; Baigutlin, Danil R. ; Naphy, Jared ; Assaf, Badih A. ; Lewis, Laura H. ; Pulkkinen, Aki ; Barbiellini, Bernardo ; Bansil, Arun ; Heiman, Don

In: Applied Physics Letters, 2020, vol. 117, no. 6, p. 062401

The binary compound V3Ga can exhibit two near-equilibrium phases, the A15 structure that is superconducting and the Heusler D03 structure that is semiconducting and antiferromagnetic. Density functional theory calculations show that these two phases are nearly degenerate, being separated in energy by only ±10 meV/atom. Our magnetization measurements on bulk-grown samples show ...