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Université de Fribourg

The type I-E CRISPR-Cas system influences the acquisition of bla KPC-IncF plasmid in Klebsiella pneumonia

Zhou, Ying ; Tang, Yu ; Fu, Pan ; Tian, Dongxing ; Yu, Lianhua ; Huang, Yunkun ; Li, Gang ; Li, Meng ; Wang, Yong ; Yang, Zehua ; Xu, Xiaogang ; Yin, Zhe ; Zhou, Dongsheng ; Poirel, Laurent ; Jiang, Xiaofei

In: Emerging Microbes & Infections, 2020, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 1011–1022

Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing K. pneumoniae (KPC-KP) have disseminated worldwide and emerged as major threats to public health. Of epidemiological significance, the international pandemic of KPC-KP is primarily associated with CG258 isolates and bla KPC-IncF plasmids. CRISPR-Cas system is an adaptive immune system that can hinder gene expansion driven by horizontal gene ...

Université de Fribourg

Study protocol for the ABERRANT study: antibiotic-induced disruption of the maternal and infant microbiome and adverse health outcomes — a prospective cohort study among children born at term

Volery, Maryse ; Scherz, Valentin ; Jakob, William ; Bandeira, Diane ; Deggim-Messmer, Vanessa ; Lauber-Biason, Anna ; Wildhaber, Johannes ; Falquet, Laurent ; Curtis, Nigel ; Zimmermann, Petra

In: BMJ Open, 2020, vol. 10, no. 6, p. e036275

Introduction: There is compositional overlap between the maternal intestinal microbiome, the breast milk microbiome and the infant oral and intestinal microbiome. Antibiotics cause profound changes in the microbiome. However, the effect of intrapartum and early-life antibiotics on the maternal intestinal and breast milk microbiome, and the infant oral and intestinal microbiome, and whether...

Université de Fribourg

Toward specific ways to combine ketamine and psychotherapy in treating depression

Hasler, Gregor

In: CNS Spectrums, 2020, vol. 25, no. 3, p. 445–447

In major depression, remission rate in response to monoaminergic antidepressant is around 50%. The lack of strong synergies between classical antidepressants and psychotherapy may be due to the molecular effects of classical antidepressants. They modulate synapses but they do not substantially influence synaptogenesis. They also increase brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). However, for...

Université de Fribourg

Increased anxiety after stimulation of the right inferior parietal lobe and the left orbitofrontal cortex

Grieder, Matthias ; Homan, Philipp ; Federspiel, Andrea ; Kiefer, Claus ; Hasler, Gregor

In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2020, vol. 11, p. -

Sustained anxiety is a key symptom of anxiety disorders and may be associated with neural activation in the right inferior parietal lobe (rIPL), particularly under unpredictable threat. This finding suggests a moderating role of the rIPL in sustained anxiety, which we tested in the current study. We applied cathodal or sham transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to the rIPL as a...

Université de Fribourg

The role of TNFR2 and DR3 in the in vivo expansion of tregs in T cell depleting transplantation regimens

Rodriguez-Barbosa, Jose-Ignacio ; Schneider, Pascal ; Graca, Luis ; Bühler, Leo ; Perez-Simon, Jose-Antonio ; Rio, Maria-Luisa del

In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2020, vol. 21, no. 9, p. 3347

Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are essential for the maintenance of tolerance to self and non-self through cell-intrinsic and cell-extrinsic mechanisms. Peripheral Tregs survival and clonal expansion largely depend on IL-2 and access to co-stimulatory signals such as CD28. Engagement of tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily members, in particular TNFR2 and DR3, contribute to promote...

Université de Fribourg

Platelet transforming growth factor-β1 induces liver sinusoidal endothelial cells to secrete interleukin-6

Balaphas, Alexandre ; Meyer, Jeremy ; Perozzo, Remo ; Zeisser-Labouebe, Magali ; Berndt, Sarah ; Turzi, Antoine ; Fontana, Pierre ; Scapozza, Leonardo ; Gonelle-Gispert, Carmen ; Bühler, Leo H.

In: Cells, 2020, vol. 9, no. 5, p. 1311

The roles and interactions of platelets and liver sinusoidal endothelial cells in liver regeneration are unclear, and the trigger that initiates hepatocyte proliferation is unknown. We aimed to identify the key factors released by activated platelets that induce liver sinusoidal endothelial cells to produce interleukin-6 (IL-6), a cytokine implicated in the early phase of liver regeneration....

Université de Fribourg

Platelet interactions with liver sinusoidal endothelial cells and hepatic stellate cells lead to hepatocyte proliferation

Meyer, Jeremy ; Balaphas, Alexandre ; Fontana, Pierre ; Morel, Philippe ; Robson, Simon C. ; Sadoul, Karin ; Gonelle-Gispert, Carmen ; Bühler, Léo

In: Cells, 2020, vol. 9, no. 5, p. 1243

Background: Platelets were postulated to constitute the trigger of liver regeneration. The aim of this study was to dissect the cellular interactions between the various liver cells involved in liver regeneration and to clarify the role of platelets. (2) Methods: Primary mouse liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) were co-incubated with increasing numbers of resting platelets, activated...

Université de Fribourg

Arginase‐II promotes melanoma migration and adhesion through enhancing hydrogen peroxide production and STAT3 signaling

Yu, Yi ; Ladeiras, Diogo ; Xiong, Yuyan ; Boligan, Kayluz Frias ; Liang, Xiujie ; Gunten, Stephan ; Hunger, Robert E. ; Ming, Xiu‐Fen ; Yang, Zhihong

In: Journal of Cellular Physiology, 2020, p. jcp.29814

Elevated arginase type II (Arg‐II) associates with higher grade tumors. Its function and underlying molecular mechanisms in melanoma remain elusive. In the present study, we observed a significantly higher frequency of Arg‐II expression in melanoma of patients with metastasis than those without metastasis. Silencing Arg‐II in two human melanoma cell lines slowed down the cell growth,...

Université de Fribourg

Role of akt activation in PARP inhibitor resistance in cancer

Gallyas, Ferenc ; Sumegi, Balazs ; Szabo, Csaba

In: Cancers, 2020, vol. 12, no. 3, p. 532

Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors have recently been introduced in the therapy of several types of cancers not responding to conventional treatments. However, de novo and acquired PARP inhibitor resistance is a significant limiting factor in the clinical therapy, and the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Activity of the cytoprotective phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase...

Université de Fribourg

Linking comparative genomics of nine potato-associated pseudomonas isolates with their differing biocontrol potential against late blight

Vrieze, Mout De ; Varadarajan, Adithi R. ; Schneeberger, Kerstin ; Bailly, Aurélien ; Rohr, Rudolf P. ; Ahrens, Christian H. ; Weisskopf, Laure

In: Frontiers in Microbiology, 2020, vol. 11, p. 857

For plants, the advantages of associating with beneficial bacteria include plant growth promotion, reduction of abiotic and biotic stresses and enhanced protection against various pests and diseases. Beneficial bacteria rightly equipped for successful plant colonization and showing antagonistic activity toward plant pathogens seem to be actively recruited by plants. To gain more insights into...