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Université de Neuchâtel

Tres manifestaciones de la identidad literaria en el Diálogo de la alegría del alma contra el temor de la muerte (Cuenca, 1612): autor, editor y dedicatario = Three Manifestations of Literary Identity in the Diálogo de la Alegría del Alma Contra el Temor de la Muerte (Cuenca, 1612) : Author, Editor, and Dedicatee

Redondo Pérez, Germán

In: Arte Nuevo : Revista de estudios áureos, 2019, vol. 6, p. 179-192

It is not possible to affirm that only the author is behind a fictional text. Usually, a lot of agents and determining factors have an important influence in the literary product. This work focuses on the knowing of that union of factors and wishes that could configure the literary identity. Specifically, the particularities of the author, publisher and the person to whom is dedicated the book...

Université de Fribourg

Intracortical inhibition increases during postural task execution in response to balance training

Mouthon, Audrey ; Taube, Wolfgang

In: Neuroscience, 2019, vol. 401, p. 35–42

Intracortical inhibitory modulation seems crucial for an intact motor control and motor learning. However, the influence of long(er) term training on short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) is scarcely investigated. With respect to balance, it was previously shown that with increasing postural task difficulty, SICI decreased but the effect of balance training (BT) is unknown. The...

Université de Fribourg

RTerseaanrchs acrtricileptome analysis reveals a major impact of JAK protein tyrosine kinase 2 (Tyk2) on the expression of interferon-responsive and metabolic genes

Vogl, Claus ; Flatt, Thomas ; Fuhrmann, Bernd ; Hofmann, Elisabeth ; Wallner, Barbara ; Stiefvater, Rita ; Kovarik, Pavel ; Strobl, Birgit ; Müller, Mathias

In: BMC Genomics, 2010, vol. 11, no. 199, p. 1-19

Background: Tyrosine kinase 2 (Tyk2), a central component of Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) signaling, has major effects on innate immunity and inflammation. Mice lacking Tyk2 are resistant to endotoxin shock induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and Tyk2 deficient macrophages fail to efficiently induce interferon alpha/beta after LPS treatment. However,...

Université de Fribourg

Hormonal regulation of the humoral innate immune response in Drosophila melanogaster

Flatt, Thomas ; Heyland, Andreas ; Rus, Florentina ; Porpiglia, Ermelinda ; Sherlock, Chris ; Yamamoto, Rochele ; Garbuzov, Alina ; Palli, Subba R. ; Tatar, Marc ; Silverman, Neal

In: The Journal of Experimental Biology, 2008, vol. 21, no. 1, p. 2712-2724

Juvenile hormone (JH) and 20-hydroxy-ecdysone (20E) are highly versatile hormones, coordinating development, growth, reproduction and aging in insects. Pulses of 20E provide key signals for initiating developmental and physiological transitions, while JH promotes or inhibits these signals in a stage-specific manner. Previous evidence suggests that JH and 20E might modulate innate immunity, but...

Public access from May 23, 2019
Université de Neuchâtel

Long-term effects of deep-seated landslides on transportation infrastructure : a case study from the Swiss Jura Mountains

Preisig, Giona

In: Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 2018, vol. 2017, p. 128-137

Deep-seated landslides (DSLs) involve large-scale deformation and likely affect transportation infrastructure. Movement rates are in general very slow (less than a metre per year) with acceleration periods controlled by external factors such as the seasonal fluctuation of groundwater pressure. Acceleration response may change from season to season depending on hydrogeological conditions, changes...

Université de Fribourg

Emergence of nanoplastic in the environment and possible impact on human health

Lehner, Roman ; Weder, Christoph ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara

In: Environmental Science & Technology, 2019, vol. 53, no. 4, p. 1748–1765

On account of environmental concerns, the fate and adverse effects of plastics have attracted considerable interest in the past few years. Recent studies have indicated the potential for fragmentation of plastic materials into nanoparticles, i.e., “nanoplastics,” and their possible accumulation in the environment. Nanoparticles can show markedly different chemical and physical properties...

Université de Fribourg

Life-history evolution and the polyphenic regulation of somatic maintenance and survival

Flatt, Thomas ; Amdam, Gro V. ; Kirkwood, Thomas B. L. ; Omholt, Stig W.

In: The Quarterly Review of Biology, 2013, vol. 88, no. 3, p. 185–218

Here we discuss life-history evolution from the perspective of adaptive phenotypic plasticity, with a focus on polyphenisms for somatic maintenance and survival. Polyphenisms are adaptive discrete alternative phenotypes that develop in response to changes in the environment. We suggest that dauer larval diapause and its associated adult phenotypes in the nematode (Caenorhabditis elegans),...

Université de Fribourg

Adaptation of Drosophila to a novel laboratory environment reveals temporally heterogeneous trajectories of selected alleles

Orozco‐Terwengel, Pablo ; Kapun, Martin ; Nolte, Viola ; Kofler, Robert ; Flatt, Thomas ; Schlötterer, Christian

In: Molecular Ecology, 2012, vol. 21, no. 20, p. 4931–4941

The genomic basis of adaptation to novel environments is a fundamental problem in evolutionary biology that has gained additional importance in the light of the recent global change discussion. Here, we combined laboratory natural selection (experimental evolution) in Drosophila melanogaster with genome‐wide next generation sequencing of DNA pools (Pool‐Seq) to identify alleles that are...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Earthquakes, grants and public expenditure : how municipalities respond to natural disasters

Masiero, Giuliano ; Santarossa, Michael

We analyze the response of municipalities to the occurrence of natural disasters (earthquakes) in Italy, in terms of spending behavior, use of upper tier transfers and recovery. We find evidence of increasing expenditure for about 12 years after the shock, with asymmetric responses between matching (earthquake-related) and unconditional grants, and heterogeneous flypaper effects across the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Proteome-wide analysis of HIV-specific naive and memory CD4+ T cells in unexposed blood donors

Campion, Suzanne L. ; Brodie, Tess M. ; Fischer, William ; Korber, Bette T. ; Rossetti, Astrea ; Goonetilleke, Nilu ; McMichael, Andrew J. ; Sallusto, Federica

In: Journal of experimental medicine, 2014, vol. 211, no. 7, p. 1273-1280

The preexisting HIV-1–specific T cell repertoire must influence both the immunodominance of T cells after infection and immunogenicity of vaccines. We directly compared two methods for measuring the preexisting CD4+ T cell repertoire in healthy HIV-1–negative volunteers, the HLA-peptide tetramer enrichment and T cell library technique, and show high concordance (r = 0.989). Using the...