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Université de Fribourg

P38 mitogen-activated protein kinase is involved in arginase-II-mediated eNOS-Uncoupling in Obesity

Yu, Yi ; Rajapakse, Angana G. ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Yang, Zhihong ; Ming, Xiu-Fen

In: Cardiovascular Diabetology, 2014, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 113

Background Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-uncoupling links obesity-associated insulin resistance and type-II diabetes to the increased incidence of cardiovascular disease. Studies have indicated that increased arginase is involved in eNOS-uncoupling through competing with the substrate L-arginine. Given that arginase-II (Arg-II) exerts some of its biological functions through crosstalk...

Université de Fribourg

Cardiovascular responses to the ingestion of sugary drinks using a randomised cross-over study design: does glucose attenuate the blood pressure-elevating effect of fructose?

Grasser, Erik K. ; Dulloo, Abdul ; Montani, Jean-Pierre

In: British Journal of Nutrition, 2014, vol. 112, no. 02, p. 183–192

Overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has been implicated in the pathogenesis of CVD. The objective of the present study was to elucidate acute haemodynamic and microcirculatory responses to the ingestion of sugary drinks made from sucrose, glucose or fructose at concentrations similar to those often found in commercial soft drinks. In a randomised cross-over study design, twelve young...

Université de Fribourg

Effect of chronic renal failure on the hepatic, intestinal, and renal expression of bile acid transporters

Gai, Zhibo ; Chu, Lei ; Hiller, Christian ; Arsenijevic, Denis ; Penno, Carlos A. ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Odermatt, Alex ; Kullak-Ublic, Gerd A.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology, 2014, vol. 306, no. 1, p. F130–F137

Although the kidney is believed to play a minor role in bile acid (BA) excretion, chronic renal failure (CRF) has been reported to be associated with increased serum bile acid levels and alterations in BA homeostasis. The mechanisms for elevated BA levels are poorly understood in both clinical and experimental studies. This study was designed to examine the effects of naturally progressing CRF of...

Université de Fribourg

Cardiovascular and metabolic responses to tap water ingestion in young humans: does the water temperature matter?

Girona, M. ; Grasser, Erik Konrad ; Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Montani, Jean-Pierre

In: Acta Physiologica, 2014, vol. 211, no. 2, p. 358–370

Aim: Drinking water induces short-term cardiovascular and metabolic changes. These effects are considered to be triggered by gastric distension and osmotic factors, but little is known about the influence of water temperature.Methods: We determined, in a randomized crossover study, the acute cardiovascular and metabolic responses to 500 mL of tap water at 3 °C (cold), 22 °C (room) and...

Université de Fribourg

Cardio- and cerebrovascular responses to the energy drink Red Bull in young adults: a randomized cross-over study

Grasser, Erik K. ; Yepuri, Gayathri ; Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Montani, Jean-Pierre

In: European Journal of Nutrition, 2014, p. 1–11

Purpose: Energy drinks are beverages containing vasoactive metabolites, usually a combination of caffeine, taurine, glucuronolactone and sugars. There are concerns about the safety of energy drinks with some countries banning their sales. We determined the acute effects of a popular energy drink, Red Bull, on cardiovascular and hemodynamic variables, cerebrovascular parameters and microvascular...

Université de Fribourg

Sitting comfortably versus lying down: Is there really a difference in energy expenditure?

Miles-Chan, Jennifer Lynn ; Sarafian, Delphine ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Schutz, Yves ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: Clinical Nutrition, 2014, vol. 33, no. 1, p. 175–178

Background and aims: Energy expenditure (EE) during sitting is widely assumed to be higher than that while lying down, but supporting evidence is equivocal. Despite this, resting EE in the sitting position is often used as a proxy for basal metabolic rate. Here we investigate whether EE differs in the comfortable seated position compared to supine (lying) position.Methods: EE and respiratory...

Université de Fribourg

Comment les régimes amaigrissants font grossir : d’une perspective d’autorégulation de la composition corporelle

Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Jacquet, Jean ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Montani, Jean-Pierre

In: Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique, 2013, vol. 48, no. 1, p. 15–25

‘Dieting Makes You Fat’ – the title of a book published in 1983 – embodies the notion that dieting to control body weight, with consequential weight cycling, predisposes the individual to acquire even more body fat. While this notion is controversial, its debate underscores the large gap, which exists in our understanding of basic physiological laws, which govern the regulation of human...

Université de Fribourg

Heterogeneity in the energy cost of posture maintenance during standing relative to sitting: phenotyping according to magnitude and time-Course

Miles-Chan, Jennifer L. ; Sarafian, Delphine ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Schutz, Yves ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: PLoS ONE, 2013, vol. 8, no. 5, p. e65827

Background: Reducing sitting-time may decrease risk of disease and increase life-span. In the search for approaches to reduce sitting-time, research often compares sitting to standing and ambulation, but the energetic cost of standing alone versus sitting is equivocal, with large variation in reported mean values (0% to > 20% increase in energy expenditure (EE) during standing).Objective: To...

Université de Fribourg

Quantification of multiple bile acids in uninephrectomized rats using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Penno, Carlos A. ; Arsenijevic, Denis ; Cunha, Thierry Da ; Kullak-Ublic, Gerd A. ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Odermatt, Alex

In: Analytical Methods, 2013, vol. 5, p. 1155-1164

In order to study the roles of individual BAs and due to limited blood sample volumes available from experimental animals, improved methods for the simultaneous quantification of multiple BAs are needed. We developed and validated an ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for the quantification of 24 BAs, including 11 unconjugated, 6...