Université de Fribourg

Activation of Phonological Codes during Reading : Evidence from Eye Movements and Proofreading

Sparrow, Laurent ; Miellet, Sebastien

In: Brain & Language

This experiment explored the role of phonology in the activation of word meanings when homophonic and non homophonic errors were embedded in meaningful texts. The resulting data supported the position that phonological codes are activated very early in an eye fixation and are compatible with the verification model of Van Orden (1987).

Université de Fribourg

The effects of frequency and predictability on eye fixations in reading: An evaluation of the E-Z Reader model

Sparrow, Laurent ; Miellet, Sebastien ; Yann, Coello

In: Behavioral and Brain Sciences

We tested whether the E-Z Reader model can be generalised to French language. The simulation showed that the model can account for the frequency effect. The predictability effect is moreover accurate for words skipping but not for fixation times. We think that this model is psychologically plausible for certain aspects of reading and we used it to evaluate the performance of dyslexic...

Université de Fribourg

Phonological Codes are Assembled Before Word Fixation: Evidence from Boundary Paradigm in Sentence Reading

Miellet, Sebastien ; Laurent Sparrow

In: Brain & Language

This experiment employed the boundary paradigm during sentence reading to explore the nature of early phonological coding in reading. Fixation durations were shorter when the parafoveal preview was the correct word than when it was a spelling control pseudoword. In contrast, there was no significant difference between correct word and pseudohomophone previews. These results suggest that the...