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Université de Fribourg

A comparative study of different in vitro lung cell culture systems to assess the most beneficial tool for screening the potential adverse effects of carbon nanotubes

Clift, Martin J. D. ; Endes, Carola ; Vanhecke, Dimitri ; Wick, Peter ; Gehr, Peter ; Schins, Roel P. F. ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara

In: Toxicological Sciences, 2013, vol. 137, no. 1, p. 55–64

To determine the potential inhalatory risk posed by carbon nanotubes (CNTs), a tier-based approach beginning with an in vitro assessment must be adopted. The purpose of this study therefore was to compare 4 commonly used in vitro systems of the human lung (human blood monocyte-derived macrophages [MDM] and monocyte-derived dendritic cells [MDDC], 16HBE14o- epithelial cells, and...

Université de Fribourg

Can the Ames test provide an insight into nano-object mutagenicity? Investigating the interaction between nano-objects and bacteria

Clift, Martin J. D. ; Raemy, David O. ; Endes, Carola ; Ali, Zulqurnain ; Lehmann, Andrea D. ; Brandenberger, Christina ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Wick, Peter ; Parak, Wolfgang J. ; Gehr, Peter ; Schins, Roel P. F. ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara

In: Nanotoxicology, 2013, vol. 7, no. 8, p. 1373–1385

The aim of this study was to assess the interaction of a series of well characterised nano-objects with the Gram negative bacterium Salmonella typhimurium, and how such an interaction may relate to the potential mutagenicity of nano-objects. Transmission electron microscopy showed that nano-objects (Au-PMA-ATTO NPs, CeO₂ NPs, SWCNTs and MWCNTs), as well as CAFs entered S....

Université de Fribourg

Risk assessment of released cellulose nanocrystals – mimicking inhalatory exposure

Endes, Carola ; Müller, S. ; Schmid, O. ; Vanhecke, Dimitri ; Foster, E. Johan ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Weder, Christoph ; Clift, Martin J. D.

In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2013, vol. 429, no. 1, p. 012008

Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) exhibit advantageous chemical and mechanical properties that render them attractive for a wide range of applications. During the life-cycle of CNC containing materials the nanocrystals could be released and become airborne, posing a potential inhalatory exposure risk towards humans. Absent reliable and dose-controlled models that mimic this exposure in situ is a...

Université de Fribourg

Nanomaterials and the human lung: what is known and what must be deciphered to realise their potential advantages?

Jud, Corinne ; Clift, Martin J.D. ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara

In: Swiss Medical Weekly, 2013, p. -

Due to the constant expansion within the nanotechnology industry in the last decade, nanomaterials are omnipresent in society today. Nanotechnology-based products have numerous different applications ranging from electronic (e.g., advanced memory chips) to industrial (e.g., coatings or composites) to biomedical (e.g., drug delivery systems, diagnostics). Although these new nanomaterials can be...

Université de Fribourg

Surface charge of polymer coated SPIONs influences the serum protein adsorption, colloidal stability and subsequent cell interaction in vitro

Hirsch, Vera ; Kinnear, Calum ; Moniatte, Marc ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Clift, Martin J. D. ; Fink, Alke

In: Nanoscale, 2013, vol. 5, no. 9, p. 3723-3732

It is known that the nanoparticle–cell interaction strongly depends on the physicochemical properties of the investigated particles. In addition, medium density and viscosity influence the colloidal behaviour of nanoparticles. Here, we show how nanoparticle–protein interactions are related to the particular physicochemical characteristics of the particles, such as their colloidal stability,...

Université de Fribourg

Carbon nanotubes: an insight into the mechanisms of their potential genotoxicity

Berlo, Damiën van ; Clift, Martin J. D. ; Albrecht, Catrin ; Schins, Roel P. F.

In: Swiss Medical Weekly, 2012, vol. 142, p. w13698

After the health catastrophe resulting from the widespread use of asbestos which was once hailed as a new miracle material, the increasing use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) has spawned major concern due to their similarities in terms of size, shape and poor solubility. Assessment of genotoxicity has shown that CNTs can damage DNA in vitro and in vivo. The genotoxic potential of different CNT samples...

Université de Fribourg

Human epithelial cells in vitro – Are they an advantageous tool to help understand the nanomaterial-biological barrier interaction?

Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Clift, Martin J.D. ; Jud, Corinne ; Fink, Alke ; Wick, Peter

In: Euro Nanotox Letters, 2012, vol. 4, no. 01, p. 1-20

The human body can be exposed to nanomaterials through a variety of different routes. As nanomaterials get in contact with the skin, the gastrointestinal tract, and the respiratory tract, these biological compartments are acting as barriers to the passage of nano-sized materials into the organism. These structural and functional barriers are provided by the epithelia serving as an interface...

Université de Fribourg

Amino covalent binding approach on iron oxide nanoparticle surface: toward biological applications

Griffete, Nébéwia ; Clift, Martin J.D. ; Lamouri, Aazdine ; Digigow, Reinaldo G. ; Mihut, Adriana M. ; Fink, Alke ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Dietsch, Hervé

In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2012, p. -

We report on the synthesis and the surface modification of different types of magnetic iron oxide particles by developing an original process based on diazonium salts chemistry. Particles were first coated with amino groups and then subjected to polyethylene glycol (PEG) surface modification. They were subsequently characterized by Transmission electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy,...

Université de Fribourg

Investigating the interaction of cellulose nanofibers derived from cotton with a sophisticated 3D human lung cell coculture

Clift, Martin J. D. ; Foster, E. Johan ; Vanhecke, Dimitri ; Studer, Daniel ; Wick, Peter ; Gehr, Peter ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Weder, Christoph

In: Biomacromolecules, 2011, vol. 12, no. 10, p. 3666–3673

Cellulose nanofibers are an attractive component of a broad range of nanomaterials. Their intriguing mechanical properties and low cost, as well as the renewable nature of cellulose make them an appealing alternative to carbon nanotubes (CNTs), which may pose a considerable health risk when inhaled. Little is known, however, concerning the potential toxicity of aerosolized cellulose nanofibers....