Université de Fribourg

Ethical preferences for influencing superiors : A 41-society study

Ralston, David A. ; Egri, Carolyn P. ; Carranza, Marı´a Teresa de la Garza ; Furrer, Olivier ; [et al.]

In: Journal of International Business Studies, 2009, vol. 40, no. 6, p. 1022-1045

With a 41-society sample of 9990 managers and professionals, we used hierarchical linear modeling to investigate the impact of both macro-level and micro-level predictors on subordinate influence ethics. While we found that both macro-level and micro-level predictors contributed to the model definition, we also found global agreement for a subordinate influence ethics hierarchy. Thus our findings...

Université de Fribourg

Societal-Level Versus Individual-Level Predictions of Ethical Behavior : A 48-Society Study of Collectivism and Individualism

David A. Ralston ; Carolyn P. Egri ; Olivier Furrer ; [et al.]

In: Journal of Business Ethics, 2013, p. 283-306

Is the societal-level of analysis sufficient today to understand the values of those in the global workforce? Or are individual-level analyses more appropriate for assessing the influence of values on ethical behaviors across country workforces? Using multi-level analyses for a 48-society sample, we test the utility of both the societal-level and individual-level dimensions of collectivism and...