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Université de Fribourg

Reproducing Botryosphaeria dieback foliar symptoms in a simple model system

Reis, Pedro ; Magnin-Robert, Maryline ; Nascimento, Teresa ; Spagnolo, Alessandro ; Abou-Mansour, Eliane ; Fioretti, Cristina ; Clément, Christophe ; Rego, Cecilia ; Fontaine, Florence

In: Plant Disease

Botryosphaeria dieback is a grapevine trunk disease with a worldwide distribution and associated with Diplodia seriata and Neofusicoccum parvum among several other Botryosphaeriaceae species. The aforementioned xylem-inhabiting fungi cause wood lesions, leaf and berry symptoms and eventually lead to the death of the plant. The aim of this work was to develop a simple model system to reproduce the...

Université de Fribourg

Ethical preferences for influencing superiors : A 41-society study

Ralston, David A. ; Egri, Carolyn P. ; Carranza, Marı´a Teresa de la Garza ; Furrer, Olivier ; [et al.]

In: Journal of International Business Studies, 2009, vol. 40, no. 6, p. 1022-1045

With a 41-society sample of 9990 managers and professionals, we used hierarchical linear modeling to investigate the impact of both macro-level and micro-level predictors on subordinate influence ethics. While we found that both macro-level and micro-level predictors contributed to the model definition, we also found global agreement for a subordinate influence ethics hierarchy. Thus our findings...