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Université de Fribourg

On the genus defect of positive braid knots

Liechti, Livio

In: Algebraic & Geometric Topology, 2020, vol. 20, no. 1, p. 403–428

We show that the difference between the Seifert genus and the topological 4–genus of a prime positive braid knot is bounded from below by an affine function of the minimal number of strands among positive braid representatives of the knot. We deduce that among prime positive braid knots, the property of having such a genus difference less than any fixed constant is characterised by finitely...

Université de Fribourg

Efficacy of colistin alone and in various combinations for the treatment of experimental osteomyelitis due to carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae

Crémieux, Anne-Claude ; Dinh, Aurélien ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Mouton, William ; Tattevin, Pierre ; Ghout, Idir ; Jayol, Aurelie ; Aimer, Omar ; Gatin, Laure ; Verdier, Marie-Clémence ; Saleh-Mghir, Azzam ; Laurent, Frédéric

In: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 2019, vol. 74, no. 9, p. 2666–2675

Objectives: In a new experimental model of carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae osteomyelitis we evaluated the efficacy of colistin alone and in various combinations and examined the emergence of colistin-resistant strains and cross- resistance to host defence peptides (HDPs).Methods: KPC-99YC is a clinical strain with intermediate susceptibility to meropenem (MIC = 4 mg/L) and...

Université de Fribourg

Understanding negative biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationship in semi-natural wildflower strips

Sandau, Nadine ; Naisbit, Russell E. ; Fabian, Yvonne ; Bruggisser, Odile T. ; Kehrli, Patrik ; Aebi, Alexandre ; Rohr, Rudolf P. ; Bersier, Louis-Félix

In: Oecologia, 2019, vol. 189, no. 1, p. 185–197

Studies on biodiversity–ecosystem functioning (BEF) in highly controlled experiments often yield results incompatible with observations from natural systems: experimental results often reveal positive relationships between diversity and productivity, while for natural systems, zero or even negative relationships have been reported. The discrepancy may arise due to a limited or closed local...

Consortium of Swiss Academic Libraries

On the chirality of torus curves and knots

Wagnière, Georges

In: Journal of Mathematical Chemistry, 2008, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 1286-1286