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Université de Fribourg

Biological weed control to relieve millions from Ambrosia allergies in Europe

Schaffner, Urs ; Steinbach, Sandro ; Sun, Yan ; Skjøth, Carsten A. ; Weger, Letty A. de ; Lommen, Suzanne T. ; Augustinus, Benno A. ; Bonini, Maira ; Karrer, Gerhard ; Šikoparija, Branko ; Thibaudon, Michel ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz

In: Nature Communications, 2020, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 1745

Invasive alien species (IAS) can substantially affect ecosystem services and human well-being. However, quantitative assessments of their impact on human health are rare and the benefits of implementing IAS management likely to be underestimated. Here we report the effects of the allergenic plant Ambrosia artemisiifolia on public health in Europe and the potential impact of the accidentally...

Université de Neuchâtel

The role of insecticides and malaria infection on the mosquito’s behaviour and the consequences for malaria transmission

Thiévent, Kevin ; Koella, Jacob (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018.

Insecticide treated bed nets (ITNs) are one of the most cost-effective techniques used for malaria control. While the repellent and irritant actions of ITNs offer personal protection, their insecticidal action contributes to community protection by lowering the number of infectious mosquitoes in the population. Despite this, the efficacy of ITNs to provide both personal and community protection...

Haute école de gestion de Genève

Towards a removal of the rental value coupled with the abrogation of parallel tax deductions : what is at stake ?

Garcia Orgueira, Ivan ; Courbage, Christophe (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute école de gestion de Genève, 2019 ; TDIBM 58.

No one can question the critical role that the real estate market represents for its economy, either by its size or its particularities. In Switzerland, the current tax system requires all property owners to pay a tax on the rental value, a fictitious taxable income that is calculated according to the potential income that the landlord could have generated if he rented his property to a third...

Haute école de gestion de Genève

The perception of entomophagy in Geneva and the opportunity for business

Da Silva Ferraz, Sara ; Depetris-Chauvin, Nicolas (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute école de gestion de Genève, 2019 ; TDIBM 56.

Edible insects for human consumption have been legalised in Switzerland in May 2017. The United Nations believe that entomophagy should be exploited as the food of the future. Since commercialisation of bugs is quite new in the county and the market is still a niche, there may be great businesses opportunities to explore. This research provides an analysis of the perception of entomophagy and how...

Université de Fribourg

Patenting government funded innovations as a strategy to increase budget for academic vaccine R&D

Songane, Mario

(Working Papers SES ; 509)

Vaccine development is a lengthy, expensive and risky venture, with the research and development (R&D) process costing billions of dollars. The pre-clinical stage of vaccine R&D is largely performed by academic research institutions, then continued by the pharmaceutical industry though licensing agreements, taking the most promising candidates to the clinical testing stage. Governments play a...

Université de Fribourg

InvasiBES: Understanding and managing the impacts of Invasive alien species on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

Gallardo, Belinda ; Bacher, Sven ; Bradley, Bethany ; Comín, Francisco A. ; Gallien, Laure ; Jeschke, Jonathan M. ; Sorte, Cascade J. B. ; Vilà, Montserrat

In: NeoBiota, 2019, vol. 50, p. 109–122

Invasive Alien Species (IAS) are amongst the most significant drivers of species extinction and ecosystem degradation, causing negative impacts on ecosystem services and human well-being. InvasiBES, a project funded by BiodivERsA-Belmont Forum for 2019–2021, will use data and models across scales, habitats and species to understand and anticipate the multi-faceted impacts of IAS and to...

Université de Fribourg

Medical and nursery care with endogenous health and longevity

Schünemann, Johannes ; Strulik, Holger ; Trimborn, Timo

(Working Papers SES ; 505)

For the population over 65, nursery care expenditures constitute on average the largest share in total health expenditures. In this paper, we distinguish between medical care, intended to improve ones state of health, and personal care required for daily routine. Personal care can be either carried out autonomously or by a third party. In the course of aging, autonomous personal care is...

Université de Neuchâtel

New frontiers of ultrafast thin-disk laser oscillators for applications in metrology and the generation of THz and XUV radiation

Modsching, Norbert Paul ; Südmeyer, Thomas (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

Ultrafast laser systems find application as versatile tool in industry and science. Ultrafast laser systems based on Ti:sapphire – the workhorse in ultrafast science – operate typically at kHz repetition rates and benefit from the available broad gain bandwidth for the direct generation of sub 100-fs pulse durations. However, thermal effects in the gain medium due to a high quantum defect...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Chronic delivery of antibody fragments using immunoisolated cell implants as a passive vaccination tool

Belaunzaran, Osiris Marroquin ; Cordero, Maria Isabel ; Setola, Veronica ; Bianchi, Siro ; Galli, Carmela ; Bouche, Nicolas ; Mlynarik, Vladimir ; Gruetter, Rolf ; Sandi, Carmen ; Bensadoun, Jean-Charles ; Molinari, Maurizio ; Aebischer, Patrick

In: Plos one, 2011, vol. 6, no. 4, p. e18268

Background: Monoclonal antibodies and antibody fragments are powerful biotherapeutics for various debilitating diseases. However, high production costs, functional limitations such as inadequate pharmacokinetics and tissue accessibility are the current principal disadvantages for broadening their use in clinic. Methodology and Principal Findings: We report a novel method for the long-term ...