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Université de Fribourg

Computational network biology: Data, models, and applications

Liu, Chuang ; Ma, Yifang ; Zhao, Jing ; Nussinov, Ruth ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng ; Cheng, Feixiong ; Zhang, Zi-Ke

In: Physics Reports, 2020, vol. 846, p. 1–66

Biological entities are involved in intricate and complex interactions, in which uncovering the biological information from the network concepts are of great significance. Benefiting from the advances of network science and high-throughput biomedical technologies, studying the biological systems from network biology has attracted much attention in recent years, and networks have long been...

Université de Fribourg

Revealing Hund’s multiplets in Mott insulators under strong electric fields

Dasari, Nagamalleswararao ; Li, Jiajun ; Werner, Philipp ; Eckstein, Martin

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 16, p. 161107

We investigate the strong-field dynamics of a paramagnetic two-band Mott insulator using real-time dynamical mean-field theory. We demonstrate that strong electric fields can lead to a transient localization of electrons. This nonequilibrium quantum effect allows us to reveal specific signatures of local correlations in the time-resolved photoemission spectrum. In particular, we demonstrate...

Université de Fribourg

Photoenhanced excitonic correlations in a Mott insulator with nonlocal interactions

Bittner, Nikolaj ; Golež, Denis ; Eckstein, Martin ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 8, p. 085127

We investigate the effect of nonlocal interactions on the photodoped Mott insulating state of the two-dimensional Hubbard model using a nonequilibrium generalization of the dynamical cluster approximation. In particular, we compare the situation where the excitonic states are lying within the continuum of doublon-holon excitations to a setup where the excitons appear within the Mott gap. In...

Université de Fribourg

Local Berry curvature signatures in dichroic angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy from two-dimensional materials

Schüler, Michael ; Giovannini, Umberto De ; Hübener, Hannes ; Rubio, Angel ; Sentef, Michael A. ; Werner, Philipp

In: Science Advances, 2020, vol. 6, no. 9, p. eaay2730

Topologically nontrivial two-dimensional materials hold great promise for next- generation optoelectronic applications. However, measuring the Hall or spin-Hall response is often a challenge and practically limited to the ground state. An experimental technique for tracing the topological character in a differential fashion would provide useful insights. In this work, we show that circular...

Université de Fribourg

Imaging magnetic nanoparticle distributions by atomic magnetometry-based susceptometry

Colombo, Simone ; Lebedev, Victor ; Tonyushkin, Alexey ; Pengue, Simone ; Weis, Antoine

In: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 2020, vol. 39, no. 4, p. 922–933

We introduce a Magnetic Particle Imaging Susceptometer (MPIS) that uses a high- sensitivity atomic magnetometer (AM) for recording the spatial distribution of fluid- suspended magnetic nanoparticles. We have evaluated the MPIS performance by one-dimensional scans of structured nanoparticle phantoms, demonstrating, in particular, resolutions of ≈2.5 mm prior to deconvolution and ≪1 mm after ...

Université de Fribourg

Variations of the Herschel–Bulkley exponent reflecting contributions of the viscous continuous phase to the shear rate-dependent stress of soft glassy materials

Caggioni, Marco ; Trappe, Veronique ; Spicer, Patrick T.

In: Journal of Rheology, 2020, vol. 64, no. 2, p. 413–422

We explore the flow behavior of concentrated emulsions for which the viscosity of the continuous phase can be significantly varied by changing the temperature. The exponents obtained by fitting the shear rate-dependent stress with the popular Herschel–Bulkley (HB) model display a systematic dependence on the viscosity of the continuous phase, revealing that viscous dissipation via the...

Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire Fribourg

Index de la revue BCU Info : no 1-80 (1993-2020)

Dousse, Michel

Fondé en mai 1993, BCU Info, le « journal interne » de la BCU Fribourg, compte, en mai 2020, 80 numéros parus, consultables à l’adresse : https://www.fr.ch/app/bcu_collections. Depuis le premier numéro, le journal BCU Info est mis en page et illustré par le caricaturiste Claudio Fedrigo.

Université de Fribourg

Colloidal gelation, a means to study elasto-capillarity effects in foam

Mikhailovskaya, Alesya ; Trappe, Véronique ; Salonen, Anniina

In: Soft Matter, 2020, vol. 16, no. 9, p. 2249–2255

We explore the evolution of the mechanical properties of a coarsening foam containing colloidal particles that undergo a sol–gel transition in the continuous phase. This enables us to investigate the impact of elasto-capillarity on foam mechanics over a wide range of elasto-capillary numbers. Right after initiating aggregation the foam mechanics is predominantly determined by the elasticity...

Université de Fribourg

Backfolded acoustic phonons as ultrasonic probes in metal-oxide superlattices

Lyzwa, F. ; Chan, A. ; Khmaladze, Jarji ; Fürsich, K. ; Keimer, B. ; Bernhard, Christian ; Minola, M. ; Mallett, Benjamin P. P.

In: Physical Review Materials, 2020, vol. 4, no. 4, p. 043606

Ultrasonics have been an incisive probe of internal interfaces in a wide variety of systems ranging from stars to solids. For thin-film structures, however, ultrasound is largely ineffective because the signal is dominated by the substrate. Using confocal Raman spectromicroscopy, we show that multiple reflection of sound waves at internal interfaces of a metal-oxide superlattice generates...