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Università della Svizzera italiana

Conformational dynamics and stability of U-shaped and S-shaped amyloid β assemblies

Grasso, Gianvito ; Rebella, Martina ; Muscat, Stefano ; Morbiducci, Umberto ; Tuszynski, Jack ; Danani, Andrea ; Deriu, Marco A.

In: International journal of molecular sciences, 2018, vol. 19, no. 2, p. 571

Alzheimer’s disease is the most fatal neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the aggregation and deposition of Amyloid β (Aβ) oligomers in the brain of patients. Two principal variants of Aβ exist in humans: Aβ1–40 and Aβ1–42. The former is the most abundant in the plaques, while the latter is the most toxic species and forms fibrils more rapidly. Interestingly, fibrils of...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Protein environment : a crucial triggering factor in Josephin domain aggregation : the role of 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol

Visentin, Cristina ; Navarro, Susanna ; Grasso, Gianvito ; Regonesi, Maria Elena ; Deriu, Marco Agostino ; Tortora, Paolo ; Ventura, Salvador

In: International journal of molecular sciences, 2018, vol. 19, no. 8, p. 2151

The protein ataxin-3 contains a polyglutamine stretch that triggers amyloid aggregation when it is expanded beyond a critical threshold. This results in the onset of the spinocerebellar ataxia type 3. The protein consists of the globular N-terminal Josephin domain and a disordered C-terminal tail where the polyglutamine stretch is located. Expanded ataxin-3 aggregates via a two-stage...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Effect of lactose pseudopolymorphic transition on the aerosolization performance of drug/carrier mixtures

Della Bella, Andrea ; Müller, Michele ; Danani, Andrea ; Soldati, Luciano ; Bettini, Ruggero

In: Pharmaceutics, 2019, vol. 11, no. 11, p. 576

Physico-chemical properties of lactose are key factors in adhesive mixtures used as dry powder inhaler (DPI). Despite the abundant literature on this topic, the effect of the polymorphism and pseudo-polymorphism of lactose has been seldom investigated and discussed although often lactose used in DPI is subjected to unit operations, which may alter its solid-state properties. Here, we studied...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Proteostasis : bad news and good news from the endoplasmic reticulum

Noack, Julia ; Brambilla Pisoni, Giorgia ; Molinari, Maurizio

In: Swiss medical weekly, 2014, vol. 144, p. w14001

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an intracellular compartment dedicated to the synthesis and maturation of secretory and membrane proteins, totalling about 30% of the total eukaryotic cells proteome. The capacity to produce correctly folded polypeptides and to transport them to their correct intra- or extracellular destinations relies on proteostasis networks that regulate and balance the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Rational modification of estrogen receptor by combination of computational and experimental analysis

Ferrero, Valentina Elisabetta Viviana ; Pedotti, Mattia ; Chiadò, Alessandro ; Simonelli, Luca ; Calzolai, Luigi ; Varani, Luca ; Lettieri, Teresa

In: Plos one, 2014, vol. 9, no. 7, p. e102658

In this manuscript, we modulate the binding properties of estrogen receptor protein by rationally modifying the amino acid composition of its ligand binding domain. By combining sequence alignment and structural analysis of known estrogen receptor- ligand complexes with computational analysis, we were able to predict estrogen receptor mutants with altered binding properties. These predictions...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Chemokines : chemistry, biochemistry and biological function

Legler, Daniel F. ; Thelen, Marcus

In: Chimia : International journal for chemistry, 2016, vol. 70, no. 12, p. 856-859

The in vitro synthesis of correctly folded functional proteins remains challenging. Chemokines, which consist of only 70–100 amino acids, are accessible through solid- phase synthesis and easily fold into a thermally stable tertiary structure. From the time of their discovery in the late 1980s chemokines could therefore be synthesized using biochemical and chemical protocols for...

Consortium of Swiss Academic Libraries

Pseudopotentials for H to Kr optimized for gradient-corrected exchange-correlation functionals

Krack, M.

In: Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, 2005, vol. 114, no. 1-3, p. 145-152