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Université de Neuchâtel

Estimation of a counterfactual wage distribution using survey data

Anastasiade, Mihaela-Cãtãlina ; Tillé, Yves (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018.

Wage discrimination based on gender is a debated topic nowadays. While wage discrimination is prohibited by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, studies show that women are systematically paid less than men. Wage discrimination is defined as the fact that two groups sharing the same characteristics and performing the same tasks are paid differently. However, this definition is not easy to...

Université de Neuchâtel

Social behaviour, stress and parasites : comparing free-ranging wolves in Yellowstone (USA), Abruzzo (Italy) and Mercantour (France) national parks

Molnar, Barbara ; Betschart, Bruno (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2012.

Formerly occupying most of the northern hemisphere, wolf (Canis lupus) populations have disappeared from a broad range of their initial distribution range, consecutive to human persecution. Following protection of the species, the carnivore recently expended its distribution range, through dispersal events or helped by reintroduction programs. Besides anthropic threats, infection by...

Université de Fribourg

Emotional Inertia and Interpersonal Adaptation in Intimate Relationships

Luginbühl, Tamara ; Schöbi, Dominik (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2018.

Emotions are not static but fluctuate over time as a function of contextual changes (Kuppens, Allen, & Sheeber, 2010). This temporal feature of emotions is considered in the concept of emotional inertia, which reflects the degree to which emotions are resistant to change over time (Kuppens et al., 2010). Several studies suggest an association between emotional inertia and psychological...

Public access from 15.01.2021
Università della Svizzera italiana

Modelling protein-protein interactions to elucidate molecular mechanisms behind neurodegenerative diseases

Grasso, Gianvito ; Krause, Rolf (Dir.) ; Danani, Andrea (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2018 ; 2018INFO017.

The worldwide significant increase in life expectancy has recently drawn the attention of the scientific community to neurodegenerative pathologies of the elderly population. These neurodegenerative disorders arise from the abnormal protein aggregation in the nervous tissue leading to intracellular inclusions or extracellular aggregates in specific brain areas. A feasible strategy to prevent...

Université de Neuchâtel

Respiratory physiology and anthropophilic behavioural traits of the main malaria vector "Anopheles gambiae" Giles (Diptera: Culicidae)

Frei, Jérôme ; Guerin, Patrick (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018.

Anopheles gambiae Giles (An. gambiae) is the main vector of malaria. To fulfil metabolic demand An. gambiae is particularly dependent on blood feeding which is an important driving force of its strong vectorial capacity. It is therefore important to better understand how its metabolism scales with body size and, as an ectotherm, evaluate the thermal sensitivity of its...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Three essays in economics of catastrophes

Slerca, Edoardo ; Jametti, Mario (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2018 ; 2018ECO013.

Many events can have a catastrophic effect on an economic environment, such as natural disasters, wars, migrations, pandemic diseases, etc. This thesis focuses on three of them: catastrophic agglomeration of firms as a response to tax differentials, immigration phenomena described as catastrophic by the natives and catastrophic earthquakes with destructive consequences for both physical and...

Université de Neuchâtel

Semiconductor disk laser-based frequency combs

Jornod, Nayara ; Südmeyer, Thomas (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018.

This thesis studies the first self-referenced frequency combs based on modelocked semiconductor disk lasers (SDLs). The generation of stabilized frequency combs based on ultrafast lasers has been a significant breakthrough for many applications in various fields of physics, spectroscopy and metrology. Optical frequency combs can serve as a frequency ruler that provides a direct and...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Exposing concurrency failures : a comprehensive survey of the state of the art and a novel approach to reproduce field failures

Bianchi, Francesco Adalberto ; Pezzè, Mauro (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2018 ; 2018INFO015.

With the rapid advance of multi-core and distributed architectures, concurrent systems are becoming more and more popular. Concurrent systems are extremely hard to develop and validate, as their overall behavior depends on the non-deterministic interleaving of the execution flows that comprise the system. Wrong and unexpected interleavings may lead to concurrency faults that are extremely...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Integrating anti-money laundering compliance duties into the banking culture

Sandulescu, Mihaela ; Barone Adesi, Giovanni (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2016 ; 2016ECO011.

This thesis sets out to investigate whether the anti-money laundering (AML) compliance duties have been integrated into the banking culture. The first two chapters briefly present the Swiss AML framework and relevant numbers. Using survey data from 52 respondents, Chapter 3 presents evidence on how banks coped with compliance requests, starting from the internal due diligence and reporting...