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Université de Fribourg

Anion-induced structural diversity of Zn and Cd coordination polymers based on bis-9,10-(pyridine-4-yl)-anthracene, their luminescent properties, and highly efficient sensing of nitro derivatives and herbicides

Vasylevskyi, Serhii I. ; Bassani, Dario M. ; Fromm, Katharina M.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, 2019, vol. 58, no. 9, p. 5646–5653

Luminescent coordination polymers (CPs) of Zn2+ or Cd2+ and bis-9,10-(pyridine-4- yl)-anthracene (BA) show different 1D and 2D topologies depending on the anion used in the precursor. Compounds {[Zn(μ2-BA)(MeOH)2(p-Tos)2]}n (1) and {[Zn(μ2- BA)(MeOH)2(CF3CO2)2]}n (2) form linear structures and {BA@[Zn(μ2-BA) (MeOH)2(H2O)2](CF3SO3)2}n (3) featuring intercalation of uncoordinated BA molecules...

Université de Fribourg

Calibrated ice thickness estimate for all glaciers in Austria

Helfricht, Kay ; Huss, Matthias ; Fischer, Andrea ; Otto, Jan-Christoph

In: Frontiers in Earth Science, 2019, vol. 7, p. -

Knowledge on ice thickness distribution and total ice volume is a prerequisite for computing future glacier change for both glaciological and hydrological applications. Various ice thickness estimation methods have been developed but regional differences in fundamental model parameters are substantial. Parameters calibrated with measured data at specific points in time and space can vary when...

Université de Fribourg

A non-archaeopterygid avialan theropod from the Late Jurassic of southern Germany

Rauhut, Oliver W. M. ; Tischlinger, Helmut ; Foth, Christian

In: eLife, 2019, vol. 8, p. e43789

The Late Jurassic ‘Solnhofen Limestones’ are famous for their exceptionally preserved fossils, including the urvogel Archaeopteryx, which has played a pivotal role in the discussion of bird origins. Here we describe a new, non-archaeopterygid avialan from the Lower Tithonian Mörnsheim Formation of the Solnhofen Archipelago, Alcmonavis poeschli gen. et sp. nov. Represented by a right...

Université de Fribourg

Northern Hemisphere permafrost map based on TTOP modelling for 2000–2016 at 1 km2 scale

Obu, Jaroslav ; Westermann, Sebastian ; Bartsch, Annett ; Berdnikov, Nikolai ; Christiansen, Hanne H. ; Dashtseren, Avirmed ; Delaloye, Reynald ; Elberling, Bo ; Etzelmüller, Bernd ; Kholodov, Alexander ; Khomutov, Artem ; Kääb, Andreas ; Leibman, Marina O. ; Lewkowicz, Antoni G. ; Panda, Santosh K. ; Romanovskyh, Vladimir ; Wayk, Robert G. ; Westergaard-Nielsen, Andreas ; Wu, Tonghua ; Yamkhin, Jambaljav ; Zou, Defu

In: Earth-Science Reviews, 2019, vol. 193, p. 299–316

Permafrost is a key element of the cryosphere and an essential climate variable in the Global Climate Observing System. There is no remote-sensing method available to reliably monitor the permafrost thermal state. To estimate permafrost distribution at a hemispheric scale, we employ an equilibrium state model for the temperature at the top of the permafrost (TTOP model) for the 2000–2016...

Université de Fribourg

On trends and patterns in macroevolution: Williston’s law and the branchiostegal series of extant and extinct osteichthyans

Ascarrunz, Eduardo ; Sánchez-Villagra, Marcelo R. ; Betancur, Ricardo ; Laurin, Michel

In: BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2019, vol. 19, no. 1, p. 117

The branchiostegal series consists of an alignment of bony elements in the posterior portion of the skull of osteichthyan vertebrates. We trace the evolution of the number of elements in a comprehensive survey that includes 440 extant and 66 extinct species. Using a newly updated actinopterygian tree in combination with phylogenetic comparative analyses, we test whether osteichthyan...

Université de Fribourg

Novel insights into the morphology of Plesiochelys bigleri from the early Kimmeridgian of Northwestern Switzerland

Raselli, Irena ; Anquetin, Jérémy

In: PLOS ONE, 2019, vol. 14, no. 5, p. e0214629

Plesiochelyidae were relatively large coastal marine turtles, which inhabited the epicontinental seas of Western Europe during the Late Jurassic. Their fossil record can be tracked in Germany, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, France, Spain and Portugal. The Jura Mountains, in northwestern Switzerland, have been the main source for the study of this group, mostly thanks to the rich and famous...

Université de Fribourg

Supramolecular structures in lipid digestion and implications for functional food delivery

Salentinig, Stefan

In: Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science, 2019, vol. 39, p. 190–201

The daily diet is important for our survival, health, and wellbeing. Functional food materials, which tailor the digestion process, can help maintaining and even improving human health and lifestyle. Knowledge on how food products, particularly food emulsions such as milk, interact with the digestive system, where they transform into supramolecular structures, can have a direct impact on the...

Université de Fribourg

Synthesis and properties of poly(norbornene)s with lateral aramid groups

Kong, Phally ; Drechsler, Susanne ; Balog, Sandor ; Schrettl, Stephen ; Weder, Christoph ; Kilbinger, Andreas F. M.

In: Polymer Chemistry, 2019, vol. 10, no. 16, p. 2057–2063

This paper deals with the synthesis and investigation of comb-like poly(norbornene)s carrying lateral rod-like aramid groups. Two types of norbornene-based monomers were synthesized and copolymerized with a norbornene carrying an aliphatic side chain using ring opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP). The new monomers contain aramid derivatives that display different types of non-covalent...

Université de Fribourg

Silver(I) complexes with 4,7-phenanthroline efficient in rescuing the zebrafish embryos of lethal Candida albicans infection

Pavic, Aleksandar ; Savić, Nada D. ; Glišić, Biljana Đ. ; Crochet, Aurélien ; Vojnovic, Sandra ; Kurutos, Atanas ; Stanković, Dalibor M. ; Fromm, Katharina M. ; Nikodinovic-Runic, Jasmina ; Djuran, Miloš I.

In: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 2019, vol. 195, p. 149–163

Five novel silver(I) complexes with 4,7-phenanthroline (4,7-phen), [Ag(NO3-O)(4,7- phen-μ-N4,N7)]n (1), [Ag(ClO4-О)(4,7-phen-μ-N4,N7)]n (2), [Ag(CF3COO-O)(4,7- phen-μ-N4,N7)]n (3), [Ag2(H2O)0.58(4,7-phen)3](SbF6)2 (4) and {[Ag2(H2O)(4,7- phen-μ-N4,N7)2](BF4)2}n (5) were synthesized, structurally elucidated and biologically evaluated. These complexes showed selectivity towards Candida spp....

Université de Fribourg

Isomerization and aggregation of 2-(2-(2-hydroxy-4-nitrophenyl)hydrazono)-1-phenylbutane-1,3-dione: Recent evidences from theory and experiment

Hristova, Silvia ; Kamounah, Fadhil S. ; Crochet, Aurelien ; Hansen, Poul Erik ; Fromm, Katharina M. ; Nedeltcheva, Daniela ; Antonov, Liudmil

In: Journal of Molecular Liquids, 2019, vol. 283, p. 242–248

The title compound potentially can exist as four isomers in solution. Recently Lycka has proposed a protocol for distinguishing two of them based on 15N NMR. This approach has been confirmed theoretically, in the current study, and further developed into a logical scheme that allows the existence of each of the isomers to be proven in solution. The experimental data, obtained by NMR and...