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Université de Fribourg

Myosin 1b regulates nuclear AKT activation by preventing localization of PTEN in the nucleus

Yu, Yi ; Xiong, Yuyan ; Ladeiras, Diogo ; Yang, Zhihong ; Ming, Xiu-Fen

In: iScience, 2019, vol. 19, p. 39–53

Insulin-induced AKT activation is dependent on phosphoinositide 3-kinase and opposed by tumor suppressor phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN). Our previous study demonstrates that myosin 1b (MYO1B) mediates arginase-II-induced activation of mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 that is regulated by AKT. However, the role of MYO1B in AKT activation is unknown. Here we show that silencing...

Université de Fribourg

Hypoxia enhances endothelial intercellular adhesion molecule 1 protein level through upregulation of arginase type II and mitochondrial oxidative stress

Liang, Xiujie ; Arullampalam, Prakash ; Yang, Zhihong ; Ming, Xiu-Fen

In: Frontiers in Physiology, 2019, vol. 10, p. -

Hypoxia plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. Mitochondrial enzyme arginase type II (Arg-II) is reported to lead to endothelial dysfunction and enhance the expression of endothelial inflammatory adhesion molecules such as intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). In this study, we investigate the role of Arg-II in...

Université de Fribourg

Kidney mass reduction leads to L‐arginine metabolism‐dependent blood pressure increase in mice

Muralidharan Pillai, Samyuktha ; Seebeck, Petra ; Fingerhut, Ralph ; Huang, Ji ; Ming, Xiu‐Fen ; Yang, Zhihong ; Verrey, François

In: Journal of the American Heart Association, 2018, vol. 7, no. 5, p. e008025

Background Uninephrectomy (UNX) is performed for various reasons, including kidney cancer or donation. Kidneys being the main site of L‐arginine production in the body, we tested whether UNX mediated kidney mass reduction impacts L‐arginine metabolism and thereby nitric oxide production and blood pressure regulation in mice. Methods and Results In a first series of experiments, we observed...

Université de Fribourg

Arginase-II activates mTORC1 through myosin-1b in vascular cell senescence and apoptosis

Yu, Yi ; Xiong, Yuyan ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Yang, Zhihong ; Ming, Xiu-Fen

In: Cell Death & Disease, 2018, vol. 9, no. 3, p. 313

Type-II L-arginine:ureahydrolase, arginase-II (Arg-II), is shown to activate mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) pathway and contributes to cell senescence and apoptosis. In an attempt to elucidate the underlying mechanism, we identified myosin-1b (Myo1b) as a mediator. Overexpression of Arg-II induces re-distribution of lysosome and mTOR but not of tuberous sclerosis complex...

Université de Fribourg

Arginase-ii deficiency extends lifespan in mice

Xiong, Yuyan ; Yepuri, Gautham ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Ming, Xiu-Fen ; Yang, Zhihong

In: Frontiers in Physiology, 2017, vol. 8, p. -

The mitochondrial arginase type II (Arg-II) has been shown to interact with ribosomal protein S6 kinase 1 (S6K1) and mitochondrial p66Shc and to promote cell senescence, apoptosis and inflammation under pathological conditions. However, the impact of Arg-II on organismal lifespan is not known. In this study, we demonstrate a significant lifespan extension in mice with Arg-II gene deficiency...