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Université de Fribourg

Transition from light diffusion to localization in three-dimensional amorphous dielectric networks near the band edge

Haberko, Jakub ; Froufe-Pérez, Luis S. ; Scheffold, Frank

In: Nature Communications, 2020, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 4867

AbstractLocalization of light is the photon analog of electron localization in disordered lattices, for whose discovery Anderson received the Nobel prize in 1977. The question about its existence in open three-dimensional materials has eluded an experimental and full theoretical verification for decades. Here we study numerically electromagnetic vector wave transmittance through realistic...

Université de Fribourg

Pathways and challenges towards a complete characterization of microgels

Scheffold, Frank

In: Nature Communications, 2020, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 4315

Due to their controlled size, sensitivity to external stimuli, and ease-of-use, microgel colloids are unique building blocks for soft materials made by crosslinking polymers on the micrometer scale. Despite the plethora of work published, many questions about their internal structure, interactions, and phase behavior are still open. The reasons for this lack of understanding are the...

Université de Fribourg

Experimental tuning of transport regimes in hyperuniform disordered photonic materials

Aubry, Geoffroy J. ; Froufe-Pérez, Luis S. ; Kuhl, Ulrich ; Legrand, Olivier ; Scheffold, Frank ; Mortessagne, Fabrice

In: Physical Review Letters, 2020, vol. 125, no. 12, p. 127402

We present wave transport experiments in hyperuniform disordered arrays of cylinders with high dielectric permittivity. Using microwaves, we show that the same material can display transparency, photon diffusion, Anderson localization, or a full band gap, depending on the frequency ν of the electromagnetic wave. Interestingly, we find a second weaker band gap, which appears to be related to...

Université de Fribourg

Light induced inverse-square law interactions between nanoparticles: “mock gravity” at the nanoscale

Luis-Hita, J. ; Marqués, M. I. ; Delgado-Buscalioni, R. ; Sousa, N. de ; Froufe-Pérez, L. S. ; Scheffold, Frank ; Sáenz, J. J.

In: Physical Review Letters, 2019, vol. 123, no. 14, p. 143201

The interaction forces between identical resonant molecules or nanoparticles, optically induced by a quasimonochromatic isotropic random light field, are theoretically analyzed. In general, the interaction force exhibits a far-field oscillatory behavior at separation distances larger than the light wavelength. However, we show that the oscillations disappear when the frequency of the random...

Université de Fribourg

Colloidal dynamics and elasticity of dense wax particle suspensions over a wide range of volume fractions when tuning the softness by temperature

Yoon, Jiwon ; Scheffold, Frank ; Ahn, Kyung Hyun

In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2019, vol. 576, p. 1–8

We report on the colloidal dynamics and rheology of liquid droplet emulsions and solid particle suspensions over a wide range of volume fractions. Diffusing wave spectroscopy and rheometry were utilized to study the micro/macroscale properties of 1-eicosene wax particles dispersed in water. By changing the temperature, the wax droplets change their properties from soft to hard or vice versa,...

Université de Fribourg

Relationship between rheology and structure of interpenetrating, deforming and compressing microgels

Conley, Gaurasundar M. ; Zhang, Chi ; Aebischer, Philippe ; Harden, James L. ; Scheffold, Frank

In: Nature Communications, 2019, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 2436

Thermosensitive microgels are widely studied hybrid systems combining properties of polymers and colloidal particles in a unique way. Due to their complex morphology, their interactions and packing, and consequentially the viscoelasticity of suspensions made from microgels, are still not fully understood, in particular under dense packing conditions. Here we study the frequency-dependent...

Université de Fribourg

When black and white make green: the surprising interplay of structure and pigments

Sai, Tianqi ; Wilts, Bodo D. ; Sicher, Alba ; Steiner, Ullrich ; Scheffold, Frank ; Dufresne, Eric R.

In: CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, 2019, vol. 73, no. 1, p. 47–50

The natural world is teeming with color, which originates either from the wavelength- dependent absorp- tion of light by pigments or from scattering from nanoscale structures, or both. While the latter ' structural color ' has been a topic of intense study in recent years, the most vibrant colors in nature involve contributions from both structure and pigment. The study of structure–pigment...

Université de Fribourg

Structure and sedimentation kinetics of dense suspensions of fibroblast cells

Zenuni, Arbnor ; Zhang, Chi ; Haeni, Laetitia ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Scheffold, Frank

In: CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, 2019, vol. 73, no. 1, p. 43–46

We investigate the structure and the dynamics of dense suspensions of NIH 3T3 fibroblast cells. Using two-photon microscopy we obtain three dimensional (3D) images from which the size and the packing structure of the dense cell suspensions can be extracted. In addition, we analyse the global time-dependent behaviour of the suspensions by time-lapse measurements of cell sedimentation. Since...

Université de Fribourg

Observation of strongly heterogeneous dynamics at the depinning transition in a colloidal glass

Şenbil, Nesrin ; Gruber, Markus ; Zhang, Chi ; Fuchs, Matthias ; Scheffold, Frank

In: Physical Review Letters, 2019, vol. 122, no. 10, p. 108002

We study experimentally the origin of heterogeneous dynamics in strongly driven glass-forming systems. Thereto, we apply a well-defined force with a laser line trap on individual colloidal polystyrene probe particles seeded in an emulsion glass composed of droplets of the same size. Fluid and glass states can be probed. We monitor the trajectories of the probe and measure displacements and...