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Université de Fribourg

Ice-penetrating radar survey of the subsurface debris field at Camp Century, Greenland

Karlsson, Nanna B. ; Colgan, William T. ; Binder, Daniel ; Machguth, Horst ; Abermann, Jakob ; Hansen, Karina ; Pedersen, Allan Ø.

In: Cold Regions Science and Technology, 2019, vol. 165, p. 102788

The warming climate is changing the surface dynamics of the Greenland Ice Sheet, including the balance between snowfall and melt. Increasing surface melt impacts the structure of the relatively porous near-surface layer known as firn. Camp Century, a base abandoned in 1967, now comprises a subsurface debris field within the firn in Northwest Greenland. We collected 80 km of 100 or 250 MHz...

Université de Fribourg

Distinguishing ice-rich and ice-poor permafrost to map ground temperatures and ground ice occurrence in the Swiss Alps

Kenner, Robert ; Noetzli, Jeannette ; Hoelzle, Martin ; Raetzo, Hugo ; Phillips, Marcia

In: The Cryosphere, 2019, vol. 13, no. 7, p. 1925–1941

Mountain permafrost is invisible, and mapping it is still a challenge. Available permafrost distribution maps often overestimate the permafrost extent and include large permafrost-free areas in their permafrost zonation. In addition, the representation of the lower belt of permafrost consisting of ice-rich features such as rock glaciers or ice-rich talus slopes can be challenging. These...

Université de Fribourg

Strong contrast in mass and energy balance between a coastal mountain glacier and the Greenland ice sheet

Abermann, Jakob ; As, Dirk Van ; Wacker, Stefan ; Langley, Kirsty ; Machguth, Horst ; Fausto, Robert Schjøtt

In: Journal of Glaciology, 2019, vol. 65, no. 250, p. 263–269

We show a strong difference in surface mass and energy balance of a mountain glacier and two sites on the ice sheet at 64°N in West Greenland using stake and automated weather station observations. Net surface mass balance is on average 2.2 m w.e. less negative at the coast compared with the ice sheet in the same elevation. We find a larger energy turnover at the ice sheet margin on...

Université de Fribourg

GlacierMIP – A model intercomparison of global-scale glacier mass-balance models and projections

Hock, Regine ; Bliss, Andrew ; Marzeion, Ben ; Giesen, Rianne H. ; Hirabayashi, Yukiko ; Huss, Matthias ; Radić, Valentina ; Slangen, Aimée B. A.

In: Journal of Glaciology, 2019, vol. 65, no. 251, p. 453–467

Global-scale 21st-century glacier mass change projections from six published global glacier models are systematically compared as part of the Glacier Model Intercomparison Project. In total 214 projections of annual glacier mass and area forced by 25 General Circulation Models (GCMs) and four Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) emission scenarios and aggregated into 19 glacier ...

Université de Fribourg

Disappearing world heritage glaciers as a keystone of nature conservation in a changing climate

Bosson, J.‐B. ; Huss, Matthias ; Osipova, E.

In: Earth’s Future, 2019, vol. 7, no. 4, p. 469–479

Since 1972, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Convention aims to identify and protect sites of Outstanding Universal Value for future generations. However, growing impacts of climate change are of the utmost concern for the integrity of many sites. Here, we inventory the glaciers present in natural World Heritage sites for the first...

Université de Fribourg

Calibrated ice thickness estimate for all glaciers in Austria

Helfricht, Kay ; Huss, Matthias ; Fischer, Andrea ; Otto, Jan-Christoph

In: Frontiers in Earth Science, 2019, vol. 7, p. -

Knowledge on ice thickness distribution and total ice volume is a prerequisite for computing future glacier change for both glaciological and hydrological applications. Various ice thickness estimation methods have been developed but regional differences in fundamental model parameters are substantial. Parameters calibrated with measured data at specific points in time and space can vary when...

Université de Fribourg

Northern Hemisphere permafrost map based on TTOP modelling for 2000–2016 at 1 km2 scale

Obu, Jaroslav ; Westermann, Sebastian ; Bartsch, Annett ; Berdnikov, Nikolai ; Christiansen, Hanne H. ; Dashtseren, Avirmed ; Delaloye, Reynald ; Elberling, Bo ; Etzelmüller, Bernd ; Kholodov, Alexander ; Khomutov, Artem ; Kääb, Andreas ; Leibman, Marina O. ; Lewkowicz, Antoni G. ; Panda, Santosh K. ; Romanovskyh, Vladimir ; Wayk, Robert G. ; Westergaard-Nielsen, Andreas ; Wu, Tonghua ; Yamkhin, Jambaljav ; Zou, Defu

In: Earth-Science Reviews, 2019, vol. 193, p. 299–316

Permafrost is a key element of the cryosphere and an essential climate variable in the Global Climate Observing System. There is no remote-sensing method available to reliably monitor the permafrost thermal state. To estimate permafrost distribution at a hemispheric scale, we employ an equilibrium state model for the temperature at the top of the permafrost (TTOP model) for the 2000–2016...

Université de Fribourg

Modelling the future evolution of glaciers in the European Alps under the EURO-CORDEX RCM ensemble

Zekollari, Harry ; Huss, Matthias ; Farinotti, Daniel

In: The Cryosphere, 2019, vol. 13, no. 4, p. 1125–1146

Glaciers in the European Alps play an important role in the hydrological cycle, act as a source for hydroelectricity and have a large touristic importance. The future evolution of these glaciers is driven by surface mass balance and ice flow processes, of which the latter is to date not included explicitly in regional glacier projections for the Alps. Here, we model the future evolution of...

Université de Fribourg

A consensus estimate for the ice thickness distribution of all glaciers on Earth

Farinotti, Daniel ; Huss, Matthias ; Fürst, Johannes J. ; Landmann, Johannes ; Machguth, Horst ; Maussion, Fabien ; Pandit, Ankur

In: Nature Geoscience, 2019, vol. 12, no. 3, p. 168–173

Knowledge of the ice thickness distribution of the world’s glaciers is a fundamental prerequisite for a range of studies. Projections of future glacier change, estimates of the available freshwater resources or assessments of potential sea-level rise all need glacier ice thickness to be accurately constrained. Previous estimates of global glacier volumes are mostly based on scaling...