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Université de Fribourg

Endophytes and epiphytes from the grapevine leaf microbiome as potential biocontrol agents against phytopathogens

Bruisson, Sébastien ; Zufferey, Mónica ; L’Haridon, Floriane ; Trutmann, Eva ; Anand, Abhishek ; Dutartre, Agnès ; Vrieze, Mout De ; Weisskopf, Laure

In: Frontiers in Microbiology, 2019, vol. 10, p. -

Plants harbor diverse microbial communities that colonize both below-ground and above-ground organs. Some bacterial members of these rhizosphere and phyllosphere microbial communities have been shown to contribute to plant defenses against pathogens. In this study, we characterize the pathogen-inhibiting potential of 78 bacterial isolates retrieved from endophytic and epiphytic communities...

Université de Fribourg

Single cell transcriptome atlas of the Drosophila larval brain

Brunet Avalos, Clarisse ; Maier, G. Larisa ; Bruggmann, Rémy ; Sprecher, Simon G.

In: eLife, 2019, vol. 8, p. e50354

Cell diversity of the brain and how it is affected by starvation, remains largely unknown. Here, we introduce a single cell transcriptome atlas of the entire Drosophila first instar larval brain. We first assigned cell-type identity based on known marker genes, distinguishing five major groups: neural progenitors, differentiated neurons, glia, undifferentiated neurons and non-neural cells....

Université de Fribourg

Mechanisms of vision in the fruit fly

Andres-Bragado, Lucia de ; Sprecher, Simon G.

In: Current Opinion in Insect Science, 2019, vol. 36, p. 25–32

Vision is essential to maximize the efficiency of daily tasks such as feeding, avoiding predators or finding mating partners. An advantageous model is Drosophila melanogaster, since it offers tools that allow genetic and neuronal manipulation with high spatial and temporal resolution, which can be combined with behavioral, anatomical and physiological assays. Recent advances have expanded our...

Université de Fribourg

LCO receptors involved in arbuscular mycorrhiza are functional for rhizobia perception in legumes

Girardin, Ariane ; Wang, Tongming ; Ding, Yi ; Keller, Jean ; Buendia, Luis ; Gaston, Mégane ; Ribeyre, Camille ; Gasciolli, Virginie ; Auriac, Marie-Christine ; Vernié, Tatiana ; Bendahmane, Abdelhafid ; Ried, Martina Katharina ; Parniske, Martin ; Morel, Patrice ; Vandenbussche, Michiel ; Schorderet, Martine ; Reinhardt, Didier ; Delaux, Pierre-Marc ; Bono, Jean-Jacques ; Lefebvre, Benoit

In: Current Biology, 2019, vol. 29, no. 24, p. 4249-4259.e5

Bacterial lipo-chitooligosaccharides (LCOs) are key mediators of the nitrogen-fixing root nodule symbiosis (RNS) in legumes. The isolation of LCOs from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi suggested that LCOs are also signaling molecules in arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM). However, the corresponding plant receptors have remained uncharacterized. Here we show that petunia and tomato mutants in the LysM ...

Université de Fribourg

DeltaRpkm: an R package for a rapid detection of differential gene presence between related bacterial genomes

Akarsu, Hatice ; Aguilar-Bultet, Lisandra ; Falquet, Laurent

In: BMC Bioinformatics, 2019, vol. 20, no. 1, p. 621

Comparative genomics has seen the development of many software performing the clustering, polymorphism and gene content analysis of genomes at different phylogenetic levels (isolates, species). These tools rely on de novo assembly and/or multiple alignments that can be computationally intensive for large datasets. With a large number of similar genomes in particular, e.g., in surveillance and...

Université de Fribourg

Environmental enrichment decreases chronic psychosocial stress-impaired extinction and reinstatement of ethanol conditioned place preference in C57BL/6 male mice

Bahi, Amine ; Dreyer, Jean-Luc

In: Psychopharmacology, 2019, p. -

During the last few decades, alcohol use disorders (AUD) have reached an epidemic prevalence, yet social influences on alcoholism have not been fully addressed. Several factors can modulate alcohol intake. On one hand, stress can reinforce ethanol-induced behaviors and be an important component in AUD and alcoholism. On the other hand, environmental enrichment (EE) has a neuroprotective role...

Université de Fribourg

Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) regulates the circadian clock

Brenna, Andrea ; Olejniczak, Iwona ; Chavan, Rohit ; Ripperger, Jürgen A ; Langmesser, Sonja ; Cameroni, Elisabetta ; Hu, Zehan ; De Virgilio, Claudio ; Dengjel, Jörn ; Albrecht, Urs

In: eLife, 2019, vol. 8, p. e50925

Circadian oscillations emerge from transcriptional and post-translational feedback loops. An important step in generating rhythmicity is the translocation of clock components into the nucleus, which is regulated in many cases by kinases. In mammals, the kinase promoting the nuclear import of the key clock component Period 2 (PER2) is unknown. Here, we show that the cyclin-dependent kinase 5...

Université de Fribourg

The effects of temperature and dispersal on species diversity in natural microbial metacommunities

Parain, Elodie C. ; Gray, Sarah M. ; Bersier, Louis-Félix

In: Scientific Reports, 2019, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 18286

Dispersal is key for maintaining biodiversity at local- and regional scales in metacommunities. However, little is known about the combined effects of dispersal and climate change on biodiversity. Theory predicts that alpha-diversity is maximized at intermediate dispersal rates, resulting in a hump-shaped diversity-dispersal relationship. This relationship is predicted to flatten when...

Université de Fribourg

In vivo function of the lipid raft protein flotillin-1 during cd8+ t cell–mediated host surveillance

Ficht, Xenia ; Ruef, Nora ; Stolp, Bettina ; Samson, Guerric P. B. ; Moalli, Federica ; Page, Nicolas ; Merkler, Doron ; Nichols, Ben J. ; Diz-Muñoz, Alba ; Legler,, Daniel F. ; Niggli, Verena

In: The Journal of Immunology, 2019, p. -

Flotillin-1 (Flot1) is an evolutionary conserved, ubiquitously expressed lipid raft– associated scaffolding protein. Migration of Flot1-deficient neutrophils is impaired because of a decrease in myosin II–mediated contractility. Flot1 also accumulates in the uropod of polarized T cells, suggesting an analogous role in T cell migration. In this study, we analyzed morphology and migration...