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Université de Neuchâtel

Adjustment of speaker’s referential expressions to an addressee’s likely knowledge and link with theory of mind abilities

Achim, Amélie M. ; Fossard, Marion ; Couture, Sophie ; Achim, André

In: Frontiers in Psychology, 2015, vol. 6, no. 823, p. 1-11

To communicate cooperatively, speakers must determine what constitutes the common ground with their addressee and adapt their referential choices accordingly. Assessing another person’s knowledge requires a social cognition ability termed theory of mind (ToM). This study relies on a novel referential communication task requiring probabilistic inferences of the knowledge already held by an...

Université de Neuchâtel

The Application of Rules in Morphology, Syntax and Number Processing: A Case of Selective Deficit of Procedural or Executive Mechanisms?

Macoir, Joël ; Fossard, Marion ; Nespoulous, Jean-Luc ; Demonet, Jean-François ; Bachoud-Lévi, Anne-Catherine

In: Neurocase, 2010, vol. 16, no. 4, p. 358-376

Declarative memory is a long-term store for facts, concepts and words. Procedural memory subserves the learning and control of sensorimotor and cognitive skills, including the mental grammar. In this study, we report a single-case study of a mild aphasic patient who showed procedural deficits in the presence of preserved declarative memory abilities. We administered several experiments to explore...

Université de Neuchâtel

Apports de la psycholinguistique

Fossard, Marion ; Macoir, Joël

In: Guide de l'orthophoniste. Savoirs fondamentaux de l'orthophoniste. Savoirs dans le domaine des sciences du langage, 2016, vol. 1, p. 68-75

Université de Neuchâtel

Between anaphora and deixis … The resolution of the demonstrative noun phrase “that N”

Fossard, Marion ; Garnham, Alan ; Wind Cowles, H.

In: Language and Cognitive Processes, 2012, vol. 29, no. 2, p. 1385-1404

Three experiments examined the hypothesis that the demonstrative noun phrase (NP) that N, as an anadeictic expression, preferentially refers to the less salient referent in a discourse representation when used anaphorically, whereas the anaphoric pronoun he or she preferentially refers to the highly-focused referent. The findings, from a sentence completion task and two reading time experiments...

Université de Neuchâtel

Conception or *conceivation? The processing of derivational morphology in semantic dementia

Auclair-Ouellet, Noémie ; Fossard, Marion ; Laforce Jr., Robert ; Bier, Nathalie ; Macoir, Joël

In: Aphasiology, 2016, p. 1-23

Background: Only a few studies have focused on derivational morphology in semantic dementia (SD). The productive and componential nature of derivational morphology as well as recent findings in psycholinguistics suggest that semantic cognition would be involved in the production and comprehension of derivational morphemes and derived words. Therefore, participants with SD might present...

Université de Neuchâtel

Context processing during irony comprehension in right-frontal brain-damaged individuals

Champagne-Lavaum, Maud ; Cordonier, Natacha ; Bellmann, Anne ; Fossard, Marion

In: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 2018, p. 1-18

The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the degree of incongruity between contextual information and a target sentence influences the extent to which irony is understood in individuals with right-frontal-hemisphere damage (RHD). A psycholinguistic paradigm was used, allowing us to assess whether impairment in irony understanding is likely to be due to insensitivity (i.e....

Université de Neuchâtel

Detection Test for Language Impairments in Adults and the Aged—A New Screening Test for Language Impairment Associated With Neurodegenerative Diseases: Validation and Normative Data

Macoir, Joël ; Fossard, Marion ; Lefebvre, Laurent ; Monetta, Laura ; Renard, Antoine ; Tran, Thi Mai ; Wilson, Maximiliano A.

In: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease & Other Dementias, 2017, vol. 32, no. 7, p. 324-326

To date, there is no quick screening test that could be used during routine office visits to accurately assess language disorders in neurodegenerative diseases. To fill this important gap, we developed the Detection Test for Language impairments in Adults and the Aged (DTLA), a quick, sensitive, standardized screening test designed to assess language disorders in adults and the elderly...

Université de Neuchâtel

Développement de la version québécoise francophone du Children’s Communication Checklist – 2 (CCC-2) : Normalisation et équivalence métrique

Vézina, Marie ; Sylvestre, Audette ; Québec, QC Canada ; Fossard, Marion

In: Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology & Audiology (CJSLPA), 2013, vol. 37, p. 156-168

The assessment of language pragmatics is of prime importance for differential diagnosis between language disorders and pervasive developmental disorders, both in speech therapy and child psychiatry. Indeed language pragmatics can provide discriminating insights that help properly identify the etiology of problems, and thus guide the child to appropriate resources. There are however few tools for...

Université de Neuchâtel

Développement de la version québécoise francophone du Children’s Communication Checklist – 2 (CCC-2). Traduction, adaptation et équivalence conceptuelle : Development of a Quebec French version of the Children’s Communication Checklist – 2 (CCC-2). Translation, adaptation and conceptual equivalence

Vézina, Marie ; Samson-Morasse, Catherine ; Gauthier-Desgagné, Julie ; Fossard, Marion ; Sylvestre, Audette

In: Revue canadienne d’orthophonie et d’audiologie (RCOA), 2011, vol. 35, no. 3, p. 244-253

A comprehensive speech and language assessment should cover every components of language, including form (morphology, syntax, and phonology), content (semantics and lexicon), and use (pragmatics). While the former two components of language are relatively well covered by the different evaluation tools available for Quebec french population, the latter is lacking. Yet, appraisal of the pragmatic...

Université de Neuchâtel

Do patients with schizophrenia attribute mental states in a referential communication task?

Champagne-Lavaum, Maud ; Fossard, Marion ; Martel, Guillaume ; Chapdelaine, Cimon ; Blouin, Guy ; Rodriguez, Jean-Pierre ; Stip, Emmanuel

In: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 2009, vol. 14, no. 3, p. 217-239

Introduction. Many studies have reported that individuals with schizophrenia (SZ) may have impaired social cognition, resulting in communication disorders and theory of mind (ToM) impairments. However, the classical tasks used to assess impaired ToM ability are too complex. The aim of this study was to assess ToM ability using both a classical task and a referential communication task...