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Université de Fribourg

Partial cross sections for dissociative electron attachment to tetrahydrofuran reveal a dynamics-driven rich fragmentation pattern

Janečková, Radmila ; May, Olivier ; Milosavljević, A.R. ; Fedor, Juraj

In: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 2014, vol. 365–366, p. 163–168

We report partial absolute cross sections for dissociative electron attachment (DEA) to tetrahydrofuran C₄H₈O. The high sensitivity of the present setup, quantitative DEA spectrometer with time-of-flight analyzer, led to identification of a number of previously unreported fragments (CH₂⁻, OH⁻, CHO⁻, C₄H₅O⁻, C₃H₃⁻) thus revealing complex dissociation dynamics of the...

Université de Fribourg

Dissociative electron attachment to Pt(PF₃)₄—a precursor for Focused Electron Beam Induced Processing (FEBIP)

May, Olivier ; Kubala, Dušan ; Allan, Michael

In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2012, no. 9, p. 2979-2982

Experimental absolute cross sections for dissociative electron attachment (DEA) to Pt(PF₃)₄ are presented. Fragment anions resulting from the loss of one, two, three and four PF₃ ligands as well as the Pt(PF₃)F⁻ and the F⁻ ions were observed. The parent anion Pt(PF₃)⁻₄ is too short-lived to be detected. The dominant process is loss of one ligand, with a very large cross section...

Université de Fribourg

Absolute cross sections for dissociative electron attachment to HCN and DCN

May, Olivier ; Kubala, D. ; Allan, Michael

In: Physical Review A, 2010, vol. 82, p. 010701

Absolute partial cross sections for the formation of CN⁻ in dissociative electron attachment to HCN and DCN have been measured using a time-of-flight ion spectrometer combined with a trochoidal electron monochromator to be 940pm² for CN⁻/HCN and 340pm² for CN⁻/DCN at peaks of the bands due to the ²Π-shape resonance. The dissociative electron attachment bands were then recorded under...

Université de Fribourg

Absolute dissociative electron attachment cross sections in acetylene and its deuterated analogue

May, Olivier ; Fedor, Juraj ; Allan, Michael

In: Chimia, 2010, vol. 64, no. 3, p. 173-176

An instrument for the measurement of absolute dissociative electron attachment cross sections was constructed and applied to two prototype molecules, acetylene (C₂H₂) and deuterated acetylene (C₂D₂). The isotope effect at the first dissociative electron attachment band at 3 eV was determined-the cross section for C₂D⁻/C₂D₂ is 14.4 times smaller than that for C₂H⁻/C₂H₂. The...

Université de Fribourg

Low-energy electron attachment to the dichlorodifluoromethane (CCl₂F₂) molecule

Graupner, K. ; Haughey, S. A. ; Field, T. A. ; Mayhew, C. A. ; Hoffmann, T. H. ; May, Olivier ; Fedor, Juraj ; Allan, Michael ; Fabrikant, Ilya I. ; Illenberger, E. ; Braun, M. ; Ruf, M.-W. ; Hotop, Hartmut

In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2010, vol. 114, no. 3, p. 1474–1484

Results from a joint experimental study of electron attachment to dichlorodifluoromethane (CCl₂F₂) molecules in the gas phase are reported. In a high resolution electron beam experiment involving two versions of the laser photoelectron attachment method, the relative cross section for formation of the dominant anion Cl⁻ was measured over the energy range 0.001−1.8 eV at the gas...

Université de Fribourg

Isotope effect in dissociative electron attachment to acetylene

May, Olivier ; Fedor, Juraj ; Allan, Michael

In: Physical Review A, 2009, vol. 80, no. 1, p. 012706

Absolute partial cross sections for dissociative electron attachment to H–C≡C–H and D–C≡C–D have been measured using a time-of-flight ion spectrometer combined with a trochoidal electron monochromator. For C₂H₂ the present data are in good agreement with the total cross sections measured previously in our laboratory using the total ion-collection method. The present measurements...

Université de Fribourg

Absolute cross sections for dissociative electron attachment to HCl, HBr, and their deuterated analogs

Fedor, Juraj ; May, Olivier ; Allan, Michael

In: Physical Review A, 2008, vol. 78, p. 032701

We have measured absolute dissociative electron attachment cross sections for HX and DX (X=Cl and Br) using a trochoidal electron spectrometer equipped with a total ion collection collision chamber, operated both in a field-free passive ion collection mode, and an active ion collection mode, with an extracting electric field. Our results for Br⁻ from HBr are in an excellent...

Université de Fribourg

Absolute cross sections for dissociative electron attachment to acetylene and diacetylene

May, Olivier ; Fedor, Juraj ; Ibănescu, Bogdan C. ; Allan, Michael

In: Physical Review A, 2008, vol. 77, no. 4, p. 040701

Absolute cross sections for the production of the two astronomy-relevant negative ions H−C≡C⁻ and H−C≡C−C≡C⁻ by dissociative electron attachment to acetylene C₂H₂ and diacetylene C₄H₂ were measured (with a ±25% error bar). Acetylene yielded the C₂H⁻ ion at an electron energy of 2.95 eV with a cross section of 3.6±0.9 pm² and also the C₂⁻ ion at 8.1 eV...

Université de Fribourg

Cleavage of the ether bond by electron impact: differences between linear ethers and tetrahydrofuran

Ibănescu, Bogdan C. ; May, Olivier ; Allan, Michael

In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2008, vol. 10, p. 1507-1511

Dissociative electron attachment (DEA) to diethyl ether yielded primarily the C₂H₅O⁻ ion, with a strong Feshbach resonance band at 9.1 eV and a weaker shape resonance band at 3.89 eV. Very similar spectra were obtained for dibutyl ether, with C₄H₉O⁻ bands at 8.0 and 3.6 eV. Some of these primary ions subsequently lost H₂ and yielded weaker signals of the C₂H₃O⁻ and...

Université de Fribourg

Electron-induced chemistry of alcohols

Ibănescu, Bogdan C. ; May, Olivier ; Monney, Angèle ; Allan, Michael

In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2007, vol. 9, p. 3163-3173

We studied dissociative electron attachment to a series of compounds with one or two hydroxyl groups. For the monoalcohols we found, apart from the known fragmentations in the 6–12 eV range proceeding via Feshbach resonances, also new weaker processes at lower energies, around 3 eV. They have a steep onset at the dissociation threshold and show a dramatic D/H isotope effect. We assigned...