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Université de Fribourg

Overexpression of plasminogen activators in the nucleus accumbens enhances cocaine-, amphetamine- and morphine-induced reward and behavioral sensitization

Bahi, Amine ; Dreyer, Jean-Luc

In: Genes, Brain and Behavior, 2008, vol. 7, no. 2, p. 244 - 256

Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) are extracellular proteases that play a role in synaptic plasticity and remodeling. Psychostimulants induce both tPA and uPA in acute and chronic drug delivery, but cocaine induces preferentially uPA, whereas morphine and amphetamine induce preferentially tPA. Specific doxycline-regulatable lentiviruses...

Université de Fribourg

The role of tissue-type plasminogen activator system in amphetamine-induced conditional place preference extinction and reinstatement

Bahi, Amine ; Kusnecov, Alexander ; Dreyer, Jean-Luc

In: Neuropsychopharmacology, 2008, vol. 33, p. 2726–2734

Extracellular serine proteases of the plasminogen activator family (tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) may modulate synaptic adhesion and associate with learning behavior. Psychostimulants strongly induce their expression in the mesolimbic dopaminergic pathway, but cocaine preferentially induces uPA, whereas morphine and amphetamine...

Université de Fribourg

Alpha-synuclein in the nucleus accumbens induces changes in cocaine behaviour in rats

Boyer, Frederic ; Dreyer, Jean-Luc

In: European Journal of Neuroscience, 2007, vol. 26, no. 10, p. 2764-2776

The mesolimbic dopaminergic system is widely recognized to be critical to the neurobiology of cocaine reward and addiction. The neuronal protein, α-synuclein, is an important regulator in dopaminergic transmission. It interacts with the dopamine transporter, and regulates dopaminergic content, neurotransmission and synaptic strength of dopaminergic neurons. Alpha-synuclein levels are elevated in...

Université de Fribourg

The role of gamma-synuclein in cocaine-induced behaviour in rats

Boyer, Frederic ; Dreyer, Jean-Luc

In: European Journal of Neuroscience, 2008, vol. 27, no. 11, p. 2938 - 2951

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of γ-synuclein in the rewarding effects of chronic cocaine administration and its putative interaction with the dopamine transporter (DAT). For this purpose, regulatable lentiviruses driving overexpression of the rat γ-synuclein or DAT have been prepared, as well as lentiviruses expressing siRNAs, aimed at silencing either DAT or γ-synuclein...