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Università della Svizzera italiana

Enhancing multi-scale cardiac simulations by coupling electrophysiology and mechanics : a flexible high performance approach to cardiac electromechanics

Pozzi, Sonia ; Krause, Rolf (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2019 ; 2019INFO005.

This work focuses on the development of computational methods for the simulation of the propagation of the electrical potential in the heart and of the resulting mechanical contraction. The interaction of these two physical phenomena is described by an electromechanical model which consists of the monodomain system, which describes the propagation of the action potential in the cardiac tissue,...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Monetary policy and interest rate products

Zurowski, Wojciech ; Schneider, Paul (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2019 ; 20019ECO002.

My PhD thesis consists of three papers which study how interest rate products' prices react to both the central bank's policy goals and communication. As tool I make use of various econometric techniques such as affine models, general method of moments or Haar like filtering. The first chapter studies government bond excess term premia. I show that their predictability is driven by monetary...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Characterization of neutralizing profiles in HIV-1 infected patients from whom the HJ16, HGN194 and HK20 mAbs were obtained

Balla-Jhagjhoorsingh, Sunita S. ; Willems, Betty ; Heyndrickx, Liesbeth ; Heyndrickx, Leo ; Vereecken, Katleen ; Janssens, Wouter ; Seaman, Michael S. ; Corti, Davide ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Davis, David ; Vanham, Guido

In: Plos one, 2011, vol. 6, no. 10, p. e25488

Several new human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with a neutralizing potential across different subtypes have recently been described. Three mAbs, HJ16, HGN194 and HK20, were obtained from patients within the HIV-1 cohort of the Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM). Our aim was to generate immunization antibodies equivalent to those seen in plasma. Here, we describe the selection and...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Unconventional use of LC3 by coronaviruses through the alleged subversion of the ERAD tuning pathway

Reggiori, Fulvio ; De Haan, Cornelis A.M. ; Molinari, Maurizio

In: Viruses, 2011, vol. 3, no. 9, p. 1610-1623

Pathogens of bacterial and viral origin hijack pathways operating in eukaryotic cells in many ways in order to gain access into the host, to establish themselves and to eventually produce their progeny. The detailed molecular characterization of the subversion mechanisms devised by pathogens to infect host cells is crucial to generate targets for therapeutic intervention. Here we review recent...

Università della Svizzera italiana

HTLV-1 propels thymic human T cell development in “human immune system” Rag2-/- gamma c-/- Mice

Villaudy, Julien ; Wencker, Mélanie ; Gadot, Nicolas ; Gillet, Nicolas A. ; Scoazec, Jean-Yves ; Gazzolo, Louis ; Manz, Markus G. ; Bangham, Charles R. M. ; Duc Dodon, Madeleine

In: Plos pathogens, 2011, vol. 7, no. 9, p. e1002231

Alteration of early haematopoietic development is thought to be responsible for the onset of immature leukemias and lymphomas. We have previously demonstrated that TaxHTLV-1 interferes with ß- selection, an important checkpoint of early thymopoiesis, indicating that human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection has the potential to perturb thymic human αβ T-cell development. To...

Università della Svizzera italiana

T regulatory cells are markers of disease activity in multiple sclerosis patients

Dalla Libera, Dacia ; Di Mitri, Diletta ; Bergami, Alessandra ; Centonze, Diego ; Gasperini, Claudio ; Grasso, Maria Grazia ; Galgani, Simona ; Martinelli, Vittorio ; Comi, Giancarlo ; Avolio, Carlo ; Martino, Gianvito ; Borsellino, Giovanna ; Sallusto, Federica ; Battistini,Luca ; Furlan, Roberto

In: Plos one, 2011, vol. 6, no. 6, p. e21386

FoxP3+ Treg cells are believed to play a role in the occurrence of autoimmunity and in the determination of clinical recurrences. Contradictory reports are, however, available describing frequency and function of Treg cells during autoimmune diseases. We examined, by both polychromatic flow cytometry, and real-time RT-PCR, several Treg markers in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from...

Università della Svizzera italiana

In-depth analysis of the antibody response of individuals exposed to primary dengue virus infection

Alwis, Ruklanthi de ; Beltramello, Martina ; Messer, William B. ; Sukupolvi-Petty, Soila ; Wahala, Wahala M. P. B. ; Kraus, Annette ; Olivarez, Nicholas P. ; Pham, Quang ; Brian, James ; Tsai, Wen-Yang ; Wang, Wei-Kung ; Halstead, Scott ; Kliks, Srisakul ; Diamond, Michael S. ; Baric, Ralph ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Sallusto, Federica ; Silva, Aravinda M. de

In: Plos neglected tropical diseases, 2011, vol. 5, no. 6, p. e1188

Humans who experience a primary dengue virus (DENV) infection develop antibodies that preferentially neutralize the homologous serotype responsible for infection. Affected individuals also generate cross-reactive antibodies against heterologous DENV serotypes, which are non-neutralizing. Dengue cross-reactive, non-neutralizing antibodies can enhance infection of Fc receptor bearing cells and,...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Chronic delivery of antibody fragments using immunoisolated cell implants as a passive vaccination tool

Belaunzaran, Osiris Marroquin ; Cordero, Maria Isabel ; Setola, Veronica ; Bianchi, Siro ; Galli, Carmela ; Bouche, Nicolas ; Mlynarik, Vladimir ; Gruetter, Rolf ; Sandi, Carmen ; Bensadoun, Jean-Charles ; Molinari, Maurizio ; Aebischer, Patrick

In: Plos one, 2011, vol. 6, no. 4, p. e18268

Background: Monoclonal antibodies and antibody fragments are powerful biotherapeutics for various debilitating diseases. However, high production costs, functional limitations such as inadequate pharmacokinetics and tissue accessibility are the current principal disadvantages for broadening their use in clinic. Methodology and Principal Findings: We report a novel method for the long-term ...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Restoration of replication fork stability in BRCA1- and BRCA2-deficient cells by inactivation of SNF2-family fork remodelers

Taglialatela, Angelo ; Alvarez, Silvia ; Leuzzi, Giuseppe ; Sannino, Vincenzo ; Ranjha, Lepakshi ; Huang, Jen-Wei ; Madubata, Chioma ; Anand, Roopesh ; Levy, Brynn ; Rabadan, Raul ; Cejka, Petr ; Costanzo, Vincenzo ; Ciccia, Alberto

In: Molecular Cell, 2017, vol. 68, no. 2, p. 414-430.e8

To ensure the completion of DNA replication and maintenance of genome integrity, DNA repair factors protect stalled replication forks upon replication stress. Previous studies have identified a critical role for the tumor suppressors BRCA1 and BRCA2 in preventing the degradation of nascent DNA by the MRE11 nuclease after replication stress. Here we show that depletion of SMARCAL1, a...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Main steps in DNA double-strand break repair : An introduction to homologous recombination and related processes

Ranjha, Lepakshi ; Howard, Sean Michael ; Cejka, Petr

In: Chromosoma, 2018, vol. 127, no. 2 (June), p. 187–214

DNA double-strand breaks arise accidentally upon exposure of DNA to radiation, chemicals or result from faulty DNA metabolic processes. DNA breaks can also be introduced in a programmed manner, such as during the maturation of the immune system, meiosis or cancer chemo- or radiotherapy. Cells have developed a variety of repair pathways, which are fine-tuned to the specific needs of a cell....