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Università della Svizzera italiana

Heterosubtypic neutralizing antibodies are produced by individuals immunized with a seasonal influenza vaccine

Corti, Davide ; Suguitan Jr., Amorsolo ; Pinna, Debora ; Silacci, Chiara ; Fernandez-Rodriguez, Blanca M. ; Vanzetta, Fabrizia ; Santos, Celia ; Luke, Catherine J. ; Torres-Velez, Fernando J. ; Temperton, Nigel J. ; Weiss, Robin A. ; Sallusto, Federica ; Subbarao, Kanta ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio

In: The Journal of clinical investigation, 2010, vol. 120, no. 5, p. 1663-1673

The target of neutralizing antibodies that protect against influenza virus infection is the viral protein HA. Genetic and antigenic variation in HA has been used to classify influenza viruses into subtypes (H1–H16). The neutralizing antibody response to influenza virus is thought to be specific for a few antigenically related isolates within a given subtype. However, while heterosubtypic...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Enhancing coevolution-based contact prediction by imposing structural self-consistency of the contacts

Kassem, Maher M. ; Christoffersen, Lars B. ; Cavalli, Andrea ; Lindorff-Larsen, Kresten

In: Scientific reports, 2018, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 11112

Based on the development of new algorithms and growth of sequence databases, it has recently become possible to build robust higher-order sequence models based on sets of aligned protein sequences. Such models have proven useful in de novo structure prediction, where the sequence models are used to find pairs of residues that co-vary during evolution, and hence are likely to be in spatial...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Polarization of migrating monocytic cells is independent of PI 3-Kinase activity

Volpe, Silvia ; Thelen, Sylvia ; Pertel. Thomas ; Lohse, Martin J. ; Thelen, Marcus

In: Plos one, 2010, vol. 5, no. 4, p. e10159

Background: Migration of mammalian cells is a complex cell type and environment specific process. Migrating hematopoietic cells assume a rapid amoeboid like movement when exposed to gradients of chemoattractants. The underlying signaling mechanisms remain controversial with respect to localization and distribution of chemotactic receptors within the plasma membrane and the role of PI 3-kinase...

Università della Svizzera italiana

CXCR7 functions as a scavenger for CXCL12 and CXCL11

Naumann, Ulrike ; Cameroni, Elisabetta ; Pruenster, Monika ; Mahabaleshwar, Harsha ; Raz, Erez ; Zerwes, Hans-Günter ; Rot, Antal ; Thelen, Marcus

In: Plos one, 2010, vol. 5, no. 2, p. e9175

Background: CXCR7 (RDC1), the recently discovered second receptor for CXCL12, is phylogenetically closely related to chemokine receptors, but fails to couple to G-proteins and to induce typical chemokine receptor mediated cellular responses. The function of CXCR7 is controversial. Some studies suggest a signaling activity in mammalian cells and zebrafish embryos, while others indicate a decoy...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Analysis of memory B cell responses and isolation of novel monoclonal antibodies with neutralizing breadth from HIV-1-infected individuals

Corti, Davide ; Langedijk, Johannes P. M. ; Hinz, Andreas ; Seaman, Michael S. ; Vanzetta, Fabrizia ; Fernandez-Rodriguez, Blanca M. ; Silacci, Chiara ; Pinna, Debora ; Jarrossay, David ; Balla-Jhagjhoorsingh, Sunita ; Willems, Betty ; Zekveld, Maria J. ; Dreja ; O’Sullivan, Eithne ; Pade, Corinna ; Orkin, Chloe ; Jeffs, Simon A. ; Montefiori, David C. ; David, Davis ; Weissenhorn, Winfried ; McKnight, Aine ; Heeney, Jonathan L. ; Sallusto, Federica ; Sattentau, Quentin J. ; Weiss, robin A. ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio

In: Plos one, 2010, vol. 5, no. 1, p. e8805

Background The isolation of human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that neutralize a broad spectrum of primary HIV-1 isolates and the characterization of the human neutralizing antibody B cell response to HIV-1 infection are important goals that are central to the design of an effective antibody-based vaccine. Methods and Findings We immortalized IgG+ memory B cells from individuals infected with...

Public access from Aug 20, 2019
Università della Svizzera italiana

NBS1 promotes the endonuclease of the MRE11-RAD50 complex by sensing CtIP phosphorylation

Anand, Roopesh ; Jasrotia, Arti ; Bundschuh, Diana ; Howard, Sean Michael ; Ranjha, Lepakshi ; Stucki, Manuel ; Cejka, Petr

In: The EMBO Journal, 2019, vol. 38, no. 7, p. e101005

DNA end resection initiates DNA break repair by homologous recombination. MRE11-RAD50-NBS1 and phosphorylated CtIP perform the first resection step by MRE11-catalyzed endonucleolytic DNA cleavage. Human NBS1, more than its Xrs2 homologue from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is crucial for this process, highlighting complex mechanisms that regulate the MRE11 nuclease in high eukaryotes. Using a...

Public access from Jul 28, 2019
Università della Svizzera italiana

Stepwise 5' DNA end-specific resection of DNA breaks by the Mre11-Rad50-Xrs2 and Sae2 nuclease ensemble

Cannavo, Elda ; Reginato, Giordano ; Cejka, Petr

In: Proceedings of the national academy of sciences of the United States of America, 2019, vol. 116, no. 12 (March 19), p. 5505-5513

To repair DNA double-strand breaks by homologous recombination, the 5′-terminated DNA strands must first be resected to produce 3′ overhangs. Mre11 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a 3′ → 5′ exonuclease that is responsible for 5′ end degradation in vivo. Using plasmid-length DNA substrates and purified recombinant proteins, we show that the combined exonuclease and endonuclease...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Deciphering the complexity of human noncoding promoter-proximal transcriptome : different scales of transcriptional control : from a single gene to the whole epigenome

Mapelli, Sarah Natalia ; Krause, Rolf (Dir.) ; Catapano, Carlo V. (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2019 ; 2019INFO001.

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have gained increasing interest in molecular studies, their active participation in important biological functions has emerged and their direct involvement in genomic reprogramming during development and diseases, including cancer, has been demonstrated. Several studies have shown their active contribution in transcriptional control and they are emerging as...

Public access from Apr 13, 2021
Università della Svizzera italiana

Sunset time and the economic effects of social jetlag: evidence from US time zone borders

Giuntella, Osea ; Mazzonna, Fabrizio

In: Journal of Health Economics, 2019, vol. 65, no. May, p. 210-226

The rapid evolution into a 24 h society challenges individuals’ ability to conciliate work schedules and biological needs. Epidemiological research suggests that social and biological time are increasingly drifting apart (“social jetlag”). This study uses a spatial regression discontinuity design to estimate the economic cost of the misalignment between social and biological rhythms ...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The effect of local growth in antidepressant consumption on mental health outcomes

Masiero, Giuliano ; Mazzonna, Fabrizio ; Steinbach, Sandro ; Verbeek, Olaf

Despite growing skepticism regarding the efficacy of antidepressants, global consumption is increasing at an unprecedented path with unknown implications for society. We estimate the causal effect of this increase on mental health outcomes using an IV strategy that exploits detailed drug sales data from Switzerland between 2002 and 2014. Our instrument, a modified version of the popular...